"The Patriotic Song" (Russian: Патриоти́ческая пе́сня, tr. Patrioticheskaya pesnya, IPA: [pətrʲɪɐˈtʲit͡ɕɪskəjə ˈpʲesʲnʲə]) was the national anthem of Russia from 1991 to 2000. It was previously the regional anthem of the Russian SFSR from 1990 until 1991, when it had renamed itself as the Russian Federation. Unlike most national anthems, it had no official lyrics (although unofficial ones written for it were proposed, they were not adopted).
|English: "The Patriotic Song"|
Former national anthem of Russia
Former regional anthem of the Russian SFSR
|Music||Mikhail Glinka, 1833|
|Adopted||November 23, 1990|
|Relinquished||December 27, 2000|
|Preceded by||"State Anthem of the Soviet Union"|
|Succeeded by||"State Anthem of the Russian Federation"|
The song originally was not a song but a composition for piano without lyrics, written by Mikhail Glinka (1804–1857) and entitled (in French) Motif de chant national. The song has been confused with the closing chorus of Glinka's opera A Life for the Tsar, probably because both begin with the same word ("Slav’sya"), but the two compositions are unrelated (though the operatic music, too, has been suggested as a candidate for the Russian national anthem).
The melody of the "Patriotic song" resembles the melody of the Lenten hymn Christe, qui lux es et dies, by the Polish composer Venceslaus Samotulinus (1526–1560)—which is not surprising[original research?] because of the Polish roots of Glinka's family.
In the 1990s, Boris Yeltsin chose the tune as the new state anthem of the Russian SFSR and it was officially adopted as such on 23 November 1990 by the Supreme Soviet of Russia. It remained in de facto usage through inertia by the new Russian Federation from 1991 until its official confirmation as the state's national anthem in 1993 when the Russian constitution was enacted. Also favored by the Russian Orthodox Church, the music went without lyrics for several years. In 1999 Viktor Radugin won a contest to provide suitable words for it with his poem Sláv'sya, Rossíya! (Russian: Сла́вься, Росси́я!, lit. 'Be glorious, Russia!'). However, no lyrics and none of the entries were ever adopted.
It proved to be unpopular with the Russian public and with many politicians and public figures, because of its tune and lack of lyrics, and consequently its inability to inspire Russian athletes during international competitions.
It was replaced soon after Yeltsin's successor as President of the Russian Federation, Vladimir Putin, first took office on 7 May 2000. The federal legislature established and approved the music of the National Anthem of the Soviet Union, with newly written lyrics, in December 2000. Yeltsin criticized Putin for supporting the semi-reintroduction of the Soviet-era national anthem, although opinion polls showed that many Russians favored this decision.
Unofficial lyrics of "Славься, Россия!"Edit
These are the unofficial lyrics to "Славься, Россия!" by Viktor Radugin.
|Russian||Transliteration||IPA transcription||English translation|
Славься, славься, родина-Россия!
Slav'sya, slav'sya, rodina-Rossiya!
[ˈslaf⁽ʲ⁾sʲə | ˈslaf⁽ʲ⁾sʲə | ˈrodʲɪnə rɐˈsʲijə ‖]
Be glorious, be glorious, Mother Russia!
Above the Motherland MajesticallyEdit
Above the Motherland Majestically (Russian: Над Отчи́зной Велича́во, tr. Nad Otchíznoy Velichávo) by Vladimir Kalinkin, written in 1998 was another proposed set of lyrics. Performed by honored Russian artist Vladimir Detayov, the Duma was made aware of this piece's existence in April 1999. At the initiative of the Ministry of Ethnic Policy of Russia, this record was first publicly presented at the First Congress of the Assembly of Peoples of Russia. During the summer of that year, it was performed on the radio station "Radio of Russia" and the TV channel "Moskoviya", devoted to writing a text for the national anthem of the state.
In January 2000, was carried out in a new orchestral arrangement demo studio recording of these prospective lyrics performed by the National Academic Orchestra of Folk Instruments Russia it. NP Osipova and the Russian State Academic Choir of them. AV Sveshnikov. Overall the song received very positive reviews, although like "Slav'sya Rossiya", never attained official status.
Unofficial lyrics of "Над Отчизной величаво!"Edit
These are the unofficial lyrics of "Над Отчизной величаво!", written by V.M. Kalinkin (Russian: В. М. Калинкин).
Над Отчизной величаво –
Nad Otchiznoy velichavo –
Above the Motherland majestically –
- "On the National Anthem of the Russian SFSR". Decree of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR. pravo.levonevsky.org. November 23, 1990.
- "On the National Anthem of the Russian Federation". Ukase of the President of the Russian Federation. infopravo.by.ru. December 11, 1993.
- "The Russian National Anthem and the problem of National Identity in the 21st Century". The Great Britain - Russia Society. gbrussia.org.
- BBC News (December 7, 2000). "Yeltsin attacks Putin over anthem". EUROPE. bbc.co.uk. United Kingdom: British Broadcasting Corporation.