Patrimonio Nacional

Patrimonio Nacional (English: National Heritage) is a Spanish agency, under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of the Presidency, that administers the sites owned by the Spanish State and used by the Monarch and the Spanish Royal Family as residences and for State Ceremonies. The Patrimonio Nacional includes palaces, gardens, monasteries and convents, called the Royal sites. When not in official use, the Royal sites are open to the public. It also manages the residences of the president of the government of Spain.

National Heritage
Patrimonio Nacional
Logo de Patrimonio Nacional.jpg
The Spanish Royal Crown, symbol of Patrimonio Nacional
Agency overview
FormedMay 12, 1865; 155 years ago (1865-05-12) (as Crown Heritage)
March 7, 1940; 80 years ago (1940-03-07) (as National Heritage)
Preceding agencies
  • Crown Heritage (1865–1931)
  • Republic Heritage (1931–1940)
TypeAutonomous agency
JurisdictionSpanish government
HeadquartersRoyal Palace of Madrid
Employees1.211 (2019)[1]
Annual budget117.4 million, 2019[2]
Agency executives
  • Alfredo Pérez de Armiñán y de la Serna, Chairman
  • Ernesto Abati García-Manso, Manager
Parent departmentMinistry of the Presidency
WebsiteWeb Site

The agency was first created in 1865 during the reign of Isabella II under the name of Crown Heritage. During the reign of her grandson, Alfonso XIII, it was known as Patrimonio Real (Royal Heritage). The second republic (1931–1939) kept the agency under the name of Republic's Heritage and in 1940, dictator Francisco Franco renamed it as Patrimonio National, the current name.

Patrimonio Nacional organizes temporary exhibitions and concerts in the Royal sites. It also publishes catalogues of the Royal Collections, books on the Royal sites, facsimiles of some of the books held in the library of El Escorial and the Royal Library, visitors guides to the different sites as well as the official photographs of the King of Spain. It also publishes a quarterly magazine, Reales Sitios, about the art collections and cultural history of the Royal sites.

The Royal Family has other palaces but these are not controlled by Patrimonio Nacional.

Royal PlacesEdit

Royal PalacesEdit

Royal convents and monasteriesEdit

Residences of the President of the GovernmentEdit

The BoardEdit

The National Heritage is managed by the Board of Directors of the agency which, according to Act 23/1982, is composed by a Chairperson and a Manager appointed by the Monarch, with the advice of the Prime Minister; and thirteen members of renowned reputation, including two city councilors of towns where properties of Patrimonio Nacional are located (currently the cities of Madrid and Palma) and two members from museums and cultural institutions of recognized prestige and international projection.[3]


The agency is structured through a central and a decentralized one:[4]

The central structure is integrated by:[4]

  • The Administration and Resources Directorate.
  • The Royal Collections Directorate.
  • The Real Estate and Natural Environment Directorate.
  • The Official and Cultural Events Directorate.

The territorial or decentralized structure is integrated by the Board' delegations in palaces, monasteries and other properties and organizations.[4]


  1. ^ Ministry of Territorial Policy and Civil Service (2018). Statistical Bulletin of the personnel at the service of the Public Administrations (PDF). p. 32.
  2. ^ "2018 Budget, extended to 2019" (PDF).
  3. ^ "Ley 23/1982, de 16 de junio, reguladora del Patrimonio Nacional". (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-11-13.
  4. ^ a b c "Real Decreto 496/1987, de 18 de marzo, por el que se aprueba el Reglamento de la Ley 23/1982, de 16 de junio, reguladora del Patrimonio Nacional". (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-11-13.

External linksEdit