Patrick Taylor Cottage

Patrick Taylor Cottage, also referred to as Patrick Taylor Cottage Museum, is a museum in Albany in the Great Southern region of Western Australia. It the oldest surviving dwelling in Western Australia.[1][2][3]

Patrick Taylor Cottage
Patrick Taylor Cottage from Duke Street.JPG
Patrick Taylor Cottage from Duke Street
General information
TypeMuseum
LocationAlbany, Western Australia
Coordinates35°01′37″S 117°52′52″E / 35.0270°S 117.8811°E / -35.0270; 117.8811 (Patrick Taylor Cottage)Coordinates: 35°01′37″S 117°52′52″E / 35.0270°S 117.8811°E / -35.0270; 117.8811 (Patrick Taylor Cottage)
TypeState Registered Place
Designated30 June 2009
Reference no.19
Cottage entrance
Patrick Taylor Cottage name plate and heritage stamp
Patrick Taylor cottage museum

DescriptionEdit

Located below road level on Duke Street overlooking Princess Royal Harbour, the cottage is on the second oldest title in the area. The title dates back to when the town was a military outpost. The wattle and daub construction is representative of the traditional building methods used by the early settlers.[4]

The cottage is a single storey residence with walls variously constructed of wattle and daub, mud-brick, wood-fired brick and framed weatherboard. It has a corrugated iron roof,[5] replacing the original shingled roof.[4] The cottage consists of eleven rooms: an entry, dining room, bedroom, nursery, family room, sewing room, kitchen, laundry, box room, parlour and side verandah.[6] Much of the verandah has been walled in using weatherboard on studs and sun-baked bricks.[4] It is surrounded by an English cottage garden.[6] The entire site is found at the base of a gently sloping hill and has several mature trees and shrubs growing around the building.[4]

HistoryEdit

The building was constructed by the Morley brothers in 1832.[1] John Lawrence Morley had served as a former sailor with the East India Company and was one of the first settlers in the area. He also leased the Old Farm at Strawberry Hill, and was the builder of Wollaston House.[4] The cottage was originally set on a 240-acre (97 ha) block.[7]

When Richard Spencer arrived in Albany in 1833 to take up the position of magistrate the cottage was one of "three miserable houses" mentioned in his records.[7]

The building was sold to Patrick Taylor in 1835[1] by the Morleys for £400[4] on a much smaller block size.[7] Taylor had arrived in Western Australia from Scotland in 1834. During the voyage he met Mary Yates Bussell; the two later married, with Patrick dying in 1877[8] and Mary living in the building until her death in 1887.[3] Taylor's son inherited the property[4] and it was still owned by the Taylor family in the 1950s.[9]

The building was condemned as unfit for habitation in the 1960s, and the Albany Historical Society began campaigning to preserve it.[10] In 1964 the cottage was opened as Albany's first museum.[10] It is currently owned by the Albany Historical Society who use it as a museum. It contains 2,000 historical items including clocks, silverware, costumes and kitchenware.[11]

The cottage was moved permanently onto the State Register of Heritage Places in 2009.[10]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Patrick Taylor Cottage Museum". Albany Historical Society. 2014. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  2. ^ David Whitley. "Australia's heritage buildings". ninemsn. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Historic Australian houses – living museums". Australian Government. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Patrick Taylor Cottage". InHerit. Heritage Council of Western Australia. 27 February 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  5. ^ "Register of Heritage places". Heritage Council of Western Australia. 2009. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  6. ^ a b "Patrick Taylor Cottage". City of Albany. 2015. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  7. ^ a b c "Patrick Taylor Cottage museum, 37-39 Duke Street". albanygateway.com.au. 2016. Retrieved 12 April 2016.
  8. ^ "History of the Memorial Park Cemetery". Albany Cemetery Board. 2009. Archived from the original on 24 March 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  9. ^ Richard Offen. "Western Australian early history". Perth history magazine. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  10. ^ a b c "Albany Pioneer Cottage highlights states heritage". Liberal Party of Australia. 27 June 2009. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
  11. ^ "Albany rich in natural history". The Canberra Times. Vol. 63, no. 19, 590. Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 28 May 1989. p. 23. Retrieved 11 April 2016 – via National Library of Australia.