Chaldean Catholic Patriarchate of Babylon
The Chaldean Catholic Patriarchate of Babylon (Latin: Patriarchatus Babylonensis Chaldaeorum), the patriarchate of the Chaldean Catholic Church, is based in the Cathedral of Mary Mother of Sorrows, Baghdad, Iraq. The current patriarch is Louis Raphaël I Sako. He is assisted by the archbishop of Erbil Shlemon Warduni and the Auxiliary Bishop of Baghdad Basel Yaldo. Its cathedral is the Church of Mary Mother of Sorrows in Baghdad, Iraq.
Louis Raphaël I Sako
elected 31 January 2013
|First holder||Saint Thomas the Apostle as Patriarch of the Church of the East|
|Denomination||Chaldean Catholic Church|
|Rite||East Syriac Rite|
280 as Diocese of Seleucia-Ctesifonte
1553 as Eastern Catholic Patriarchate
|Cathedral||Cathedral of Our Lady of Sorrows|
The Chaldean Catholic Church over which the patriarchate presides is named after ancient Chaldæa. It is in full communion with the Holy See and the Catholic Church as a whole. It was first formed due to a dispute known as the Schism of 1552, which split the Church of the East into two religious factions. The leadership of the part that entered communion with Rome broke off its relationship formally in 1662. In 1677, the Turkish civil authorities gave recognition bishop Joseph I (Chaldean Patriarch), who had become the leader of those who supported union with Rome. The Holy See recognized him as patriarch in 1680. His residence was at Amid, known in Turkish as Diyarbakir. After the resignation of his third successor was accepted in 1781, a long period of sede vacante followed, during which the Holy See chose to confer the title of patriarch on neither of two rival candidates. This ended in 1830 with the appointment as Catholic patriarch of Yohannan VIII Hormizd.
- Wilmshurst 2000, p. 4.
- Wigram 1910, p. 42-44.
- Chaldean Patriarchal See of Babylon
- "Bishops appointed for Chaldean Church in Sydney, Toronto, Baghdad," by Catholic News, dated January 15, 2015 https://web.archive.org/web/20150217084418/http://www.catholicnews.com/data/stories/cns/1500181.htm
- Declaration of the Chaldean Patriarchy on the Role of Chaldeans in the New Iraq, dated September 15, 2003. http://www.chaldeansonline.org/chaldeanews/bishops.html Archived 2018-09-06 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Sako Elected New Chaldean Patriarch," dated February 5, 2013 http://English.ankawa.com/?p=8211
- Opening Remarks by Chaldean Church’s Bishop Ibrahim at the General Chaldean National Conference in Southfield, Michigan on May 15, 2013. http://www.kaldaya.net/2013/Articles/06/03_BishopMarIbahimE.html
- Article entitled "Chaldeans in Metro Detroit" dated August 2011 by ABCNews, article found at "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-09-19. Retrieved 2013-09-19.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Iraqi Constitution, Article 125 http://www.iraqinationality.gov.iq/attach/iraqi_constitution.pdf Archived 2016-11-28 at the Wayback Machine
- See BBC NEWS (March 13, 2008). "Who are the Chaldean Christians?". BBC NEWS, dated March 13, 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/7271828.stm
- Iraqi Christians’ long history, BBC News, November 1, 2010 https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-11669994
- "The Chaldaean race, which up to that time had been subject to the 'patriarch at Babylon' was divided into two parts"(A Chronicle of the Carmelites in Persia. Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1938, p. 382).
- Wilhelm Baum, Dietmar W. Winkler, The Church of the East: A Concise History (RoutledgeCurzon, 2003), p. 119
- Wigram, William Ainger (1910). An Introduction to the History of the Assyrian Church or The Church of the Sassanid Persian Empire 100-640 A.D. London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge. ISBN 9780837080789.
- Wilmshurst, David (2000). The Ecclesiastical Organisation of the Church of the East, 1318–1913. Louvain: Peeters Publishers. ISBN 9789042908765.
- Wilmshurst, David (2011). The martyred Church: A History of the Church of the East. London: East & West Publishing Limited. ISBN 9781907318047.