Patratu is a census town in the Patratu (community development block) in the Ramgarh subdivision of the Ramgarh district in the Indian state of Jharkhand.

Census Town
Patratu is located in Jharkhand
Location in Jharkhand, India
Patratu is located in India
Patratu (India)
Coordinates: 23°40′N 85°17′E / 23.67°N 85.28°E / 23.67; 85.28Coordinates: 23°40′N 85°17′E / 23.67°N 85.28°E / 23.67; 85.28
Country India
 • Total1.392 km2 (0.537 sq mi)
405 m (1,329 ft)
 • Total32,899
 • Density24,000/km2 (61,000/sq mi)
 • OfficialHindi, Urdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone/ STD code0651
Vehicle registrationJH
Lok Sabha constituencyHazaribagh
Vidhan Sabha constituencyRamgarh


Cities, towns and locations in Ramgarh district in North Chotanagpur Division
M: municipality, CT: census town, R: rural/ urban centre, T: tourist centre, P: power plant
Abbreviation used- TPP: thermal power project
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly


Patratu is located at 23°40′N 85°17′E / 23.67°N 85.28°E / 23.67; 85.28.[1] It has an average elevation of 405 metres (1328 feet) Patratu Dam was constructed under the planning of the greatest Indian engineer and father of Indian engineering, Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya.[2] This dam is only 40 km away from Ranchi, the capital of Jharkhand, from where it can be reached by road in less than an hour. It is directly connected to Ranchi, Patna, Jaipur, Jamshedpur, Varanasi, Jammu, Jabalpur, Allahabad, Delhi and Kolkata by train.

Area overviewEdit

Ramgarh has a vibrant coal-mining sector. The map alongside provides links to five operational areas of Central Coalfields spread across South Karanpura Coalfield, Ramgarh Coalfield and West Bokaro Coalfield. Four of the six CD blocks in the district have coal mines – Patratu, Ramgarh, Mandu and Chitarpur. The high concentration of census towns in these blocks are noticeable on the map. Only two blocks, Gola and Dulmi, are totally rural areas. Ramgarh district lies in the central part of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. The Damodar valley covers most of the district. The forested areas in highlands to the north and the south of the valley can be seen in the map (mark the shaded areas).[3]”Chotanagpur has a charm of its own… The entire area forms one of the most charming series of views imaginable. The far-off hills in the background in exquisite tints of blue or purple as the light falls, the nearer hills picturesquely shaped and luxuriant in every shade of green with their bold escarpments in black or grey, and the brown plains below furnishing their quota of colours.”[4]

Note: The map alongside presents some of the notable locations in the district. All places marked in the map are linked in the larger full screen map.

Civic administrationEdit

Police stationEdit

Patratu police station serves Patratu CD block.[5]

CD block HQEdit

The headquarters of Patratu CD block is located at Patratu town.[6]


According to the 2011 Census of India, Patratu had a total population of 32,899, of which 17,305 (53%) were males and 15,594 (47%) were females. Population in the age range 0-6 years was 3,999. The total number of literate persons in Patratu was 24,382 (84.37% of the population over 6 years).[7]

As of 2001 India census,[8] Patratu had a population of 32,132. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%.Patratu has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 61%. In Patratu, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.[8]


According to the District Census Handbook 2011, Ramgarh, Patratu covered an area of 1.392 km2. Among the civic amenities, it had 25 km roads with both open and closed drains, the protected water supply involved tap water from treated sources, uncovered wells, overhead tanks. It had 5,822 domestic electric connections, 120 road lighting points. Among the medical facilities, it had 4 hospitals, 1 dispensary, 1 health centre, 1 family welfare centre, 8 maternity and child welfare centres, 6 maternity homes, 16 nursing homes, 10 medicine shops. Among the educational facilities it had 14 primary schools, 6 middle schools, 5 secondary schools, 2 senior secondary schools, 1 general degree college. It had 1 non-formal educational centre (Sarva Siksha Abhiyan). Among the social, recreational and cultural facilities it had 1 stadium, 1 cinema theatre, 3 auditorium/ community halls, 3 public libraries, 1 reading room. An important commodity It produced was electricity. It had the branch offices of 3 nationalised banks, 1 agricultural credit society.[9]


Schools in Patratu include:

  • S.S High School was established on 1 January 1963. It is located beside road leading to Patratu dam and subsequently Ranchi. It is a 10+2 school with a large area and a big playground.
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya Patratu
  • D.A.V. Public School Patratu
  • O P Jindal School Patratu
  • Patratu School of Economics
  • Saraswati Shishu Vidya Mandir, Patratu
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Patratu


Patratu Thermal Power Station (PTPS) College, affiliated with Vinoba Bhave University was established at Patratu in 1972.[10]



Birsa Munda Airport is the nearest airport, with direct flights available to Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Jharsuguda, Indore, Bhubaneswar, Bangalore and Patna.


Patratu Railway Station is the only railway station. It has three platforms with direct trains available for Kolkata in Up direction, and in the down direction New Delhi, Patna and many states of India like Punjab and Haryana.


Patratu is connected by State Highway 2 of Jharkhand, to its district headquarters at Ramgarh and state capital at Ranchi. There is also a bus station where buses are available for many cities of Jharkhand and West Bengal.

Latest happeningsEdit

Jharkhand Chief Minister Raghubar Das on 13 July 2015 inaugurated the Patratu unit of Burnpur Cement.[11]

Patratu DamEdit

The dam was made to store water of the Nalkari River for supply to the Ramgarh cantonment area as well as being the main reservoir for the Patratu Thermal Power Station (PTPS). There have been plans to turn it into a tourist attraction[12]

Patratu valleyEdit

View of Patratu valley

During recent changes, the area's coal pulling bicycles have gotten the support of local motor bikers on a profit sharing basis.[13]

Patratu Thermal Power StationEdit

The attraction of this city is its natural habitat and scenic beauty. The city is developed as a residential area for employees of the Patratu Thermal Power Station. This thermal power station was made by Russian collaboration in 1962. It has two chimneys made by a Russian firm, which are called the Russian side. The other two chimneys were made by an Indian firm, so it is called the Indian side. The plant has a power generation capacity of 840MW.[14][15]


  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Patratu
  2. ^ Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya
  3. ^ "District Census Handbook, Ramgarh, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 7-8: Physiography, Drainage, Pages 8-11: Minerals and mining. Directorate of Census Operations Jharkhand. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  4. ^ ’’Bihar” by Ram Chandra Prasad, Page 5, National Book Trust, First edition 1983,ISBN: 81-237-0151-9
  5. ^ "District Police Profile - Ramgarh". Jharkhand Police. Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  6. ^ "District Census Handbook, Ramgarh, Series 21, Part XII B" (PDF). Map of Ramgarh district on the third page. Directorate of Census Operations Jharkhand. Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  7. ^ "District Census Handbook, Ramgarh, Series 21, Part XII B" (PDF). Rural PCA-C.D. blocks wise Village Primary Census Abstract, location no. 369009, page 82. Directorate of Census Operations Jharkhand. Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  8. ^ a b "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  9. ^ "District Census Handbook Ramgarh, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 227-237. Directorate of census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  10. ^ "PTPS College Patratu". PTPSC. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  11. ^ "Jharakhand CM inaugurates Burnpur Cement's Patratu unit".
  12. ^ Jaipuriar, Vishvendu (14 January 2010). "Ramgarh island to turn tourist spot". The Telegraph. Calcutta, India.
  13. ^ "Had I been a Maoist leader". The Telegraph. Calcutta, India. 25 July 2006.
  14. ^ Biswas, Mithilesh (27 March 2008). "BHEL help to boost Patratu power". The Telegraph. Calcutta, India.
  15. ^ "NTPC 'in talks' to take over Jharkhand's Patratu power station". The Hindu Business Line. 16 February 2010. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012.