Patnam Subramania Iyer

Patnam Subramania Iyer (1845 – July 31, 1902) was a composer and singer of Carnatic music. Subramaniya Iyer followed the traditions of the great composer Tyagaraja. He has left behind almost one hundred compositions.

Patnam Subramania Iyer
Born1845 (1845)
Died31 July 1902 (1902-08-01) (aged 57)
OccupationMusician, composer
Known forCarnatic music
Notable work
Raghuvamsa Sudha, Evari Bodhanna

Subramaniya Iyer was born in Thiruvaiyaru in Thanjavur district of present-day Tamil Nadu. His family had a long history of musical involvement – his father Bharatam Vaidyanatha Iyer was adept at both music and Sastra and his grandfather Panchanada Sastri was the court musician in the court of Serfoji Maharaja of Thanjavur. Subramaniya Iyer learned music from his uncle, Melattur Ganapati Sastri, and later under Manambuchavadi Venkatasubbayyar who was a disciple of Tyagaraja himself.

Subramaniya Iyer spent a long time in Chennapatnam (Chennai). This gave Subramaniya Iyer the prefix to his name. Many of his students such as Mysore Vasudevachar, Poochi Srinivasa Iyengar, Bhairavi Kempegowda and Tiger Varadachariar became famous composers and vocalists. His neighbour Maha Vaidyanatha Iyer was also a noted musician.

Two of his famous compositions are Raghu Vamsha Sudha in raga Kathanakuthuhalam and Evari Bodhanna in raga Abhogi.[1] He is known to have used his guru's mudra (signature) Venkatesa or variations of the same, in his compositions in Telugu and Sanskrit.

The reigning Maharaja of Mysore, Chamarajendra Wodeyar X, gave him a pair of golden bracelets on two occasions, after singing performances in court.

Music compositionsEdit

VarnamsEdit

Composition Raga Tala Language Description Audio Links
Evari Bodhanna Abhogi Varnam Adi Telugu

KJ Yesudas- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7cdTmdoa420&feature

Valachi Vacchi Navaragamalika Adi Telugu

NCS Ravali – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oUi-uYpH4jI

MarachiTlunDe Begada Ata Telugu
Era Napai[2] Hanumatodi Adi Telugu KJ Yesudas- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PKlAd6SAhVE&feature

maravakavE O manasaa || Shyaamaa || || Telugu

KrithisEdit

Composition Raga Tala Language Description Audio Links
maravakavE O manasaa Shyaamaa Telugu

Semmangudi Shrinivasa Iyer's recital available online

mari vEre dikkevarrayya rAmA Shanmukha Priya Adi Telugu

TN Seshagopalan – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i0zhD86dUW4

mari vere dikkevvaru Latangi Khanda Chapu Telugu

Rama Varma – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oXW-Pe0pofk

ninnu jeppa kAraNamEmi mandAri Khanda Chapu Telugu
pancha nadISa pAhimAm pUrNa chandrika rUpaka Sanskrit
pari dAnamitchhitE pAlintuvEmO Bilahari Khanda Chapu Telugu

Nagavalli Nagaraj – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EaliQJkbf0E

raghu vamsa sudhAmbudhi chandra SrI kadana kutUhalam dESa-Adi Sanskrit
inca dhaya raalEdA cakravaakam Adi Telugu

Chembai – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=diuj4oFL2r8

varamulosagi brOchuTa nIkarudA kIra vANi rUpaka Telugu

Malladi Brothers – http://www.musicindiaonline.com/album/10-Classical_Carnatic_Vocal/12754-Malladi_Brothers/#/album/10-Classical_Carnatic_Vocal/12754-Malladi_Brothers/

Manavi Che KonavayyA Sarasangi RUpakam Telugu

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Sruti. P.N. Sundaresan. 1998. p. 44. Retrieved 27 May 2021.
  2. ^ "ERA NAPAI". www.shivkumar.org. Retrieved 17 May 2016.

ReferencesEdit