Patiala State

Patiala State was a self-governing princely state of the British Empire in India, and one of the Phulkian States, that acceded to the Union of India upon Indian independence and partition.

State of Patiala
1763–1947
Coat of arms of Patiala
Coat of arms
CapitalPatiala
Common languagesPunjabi (official)
Religion
Sikh
GovernmentAbsolute monarchy (1763 - 1947)
Maharaja 
• 1707 - 1765
Ala Singh Jat
• 1938 - 1947
Yadavindra Singh
History 
• Established
1763
• Disestablished
1947
Area
• Total
15.389 km2 (5.942 sq mi)
Population
• 1881[1]
1,467,433
• 1891[1]
1,583,521
• 1901[1]
1,596,692
CurrencyRupee And Paisa
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Mughal Empire
Durrani Empire
Sindh
Bahawalpur
Ladakh
East India Company
Sikh Empire
Sindh
Republic of India
Today part ofIndia
Pakistan

EtymologyEdit

The state's name came from the name of its principal city and capital, Patiala, which itself comes from the roots patti and ala. The word patti means "strip of land" in Punjabi, and 'ala' comes from the name of the founder of the city and Patiala state, Ala Singh, thus meaning ‘the land of Ala Singh’ [2]

 
1946 map of India showing the various states; Patiala is found in the middle of eastern Punjab

Brief historyEdit

 
The main gate of the Qila Mubarak.

In 1763, the Sikh confederation captured the fortress of Sirhind

RulersEdit

The rulers of Patiala bore the title 'Maharaja-e Rajgan' from 1810 onward.[citation needed]

MaharajasEdit

  • 29 Mar 1761 – 22 August 1765: Ala Singh (b. 1691 – d. 1765)
  • 22 Aug 1765 – 1767: Amar Singh (b. 1748 – d. 1781)

Raja-e RajganEdit

  • 1767 – 5 February 1781: Amar Singh (s.a.)
  • Feb 1781 – 1810: Sahib Singh (b. 1774 – d. 1813)

Maharaja-e RajganEdit

  • 1810 – 26 March 1813: Sahib Singh (s. a.)
  • 26 Mar 1813 – 23 December 1845: Karam Singh (b. 1797 – d. 1845)
    • 26 Mar 1813 – 1823: Maharani Aus Kaur (f) – Regent (b. 1772 – d. af.1823)
  • 23 Dec 1845 – 13 November 1862: Narendra Singh (b. 1823 – d. 1862) (from 25 June 1861 Sir Narendra Singh)
  • 13 Nov 1862 – 14 April 1876: Mahendra Singh (b. 1852 – d. 1876) (from 28 May 1870 Sir Mahendra Singh)
    • 13 Nov 1862 – 26 February 1870: Jagdish Singh (Regent, chairman of regency council)
  • 14 Apr 1876 – 9 November 1900: Rajinder Singh (b. 1872 – d. 1900) (from 21 May 1898 Sir Rajendra Singh)
    • 14 April 1876 – Oct 1890: Sir Deva Singh (Regent) (b. 1834 – d. 1890) (chairman of regency council)
  • 9 November 1900 – 23 March 1938: Bhupinder Singh (b. 1891 – d. 1938) (from 12 December 1911 Sir Bhupindra Singh)
    • 9 November 1900 – 3 November 1910: Sardar Gurmukh Singh – (Regent, chairman of regency council)
  • 23 Mar 1938 – 15 August 1947: Yadavindra Singh (b. 1913 – d. 1974) (from 1 January 1942 Sir Yadavindra Singh)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Imperial gazetteer of India. Vol. XX Pardi to Pusad. 1908. pp. 40, 42.
  2. ^ Kaur, Roopam Jasmeet; Idris, Mohammad (2011). "The Development of Education in Patiala District (1948-2001): A Gendered Analysis". Proceedings of the Indian History Congress. 72: 1460–1470. JSTOR 44145757.

Further readingEdit

Coordinates: 31°07′N 77°38′E / 31.117°N 77.633°E / 31.117; 77.633