Patanga (1949 film)

Patanga is a 1949 Indian Hindi-language film. It was the first film produced and distributed by Varma Films;[1] yet,It was the seventh highest grossing Indian film of 1949.[2] The film was directed by H. S. Rawail based on a story written by his wife Anjana Rawail.[3] Rajendra Kumar, who would become one of the leading actors in Indian cinema, worked in Patanga as an assistant to director H.S. Rawail [4] and also had a cameo in the film. A duet sung against the backdrop of WW2, "Mere Piya Gaye Rangoon", picturised on actor Gope and lead heroine Nigar Sultana became popular.[5] The playback singers for the song were C. Ramchandra, who also composed the music for the film, and Shamshad Begum.[6][7] The cast included Nigar Sultana, Shyam, Yakub, Gope, Purnima, Shyama, Randhir and Mohana.[8]

Directed byH. S. Rawail
Written byRajendra Krishan
Screenplay byAnjana Rawail
Story byAnjana Rawail
StarringNigar Sultana
CinematographyJamshed R. Irani
Edited byPrabhakar Gokhale
Music byC. Ramchandra
Distributed byVarma Films
Release date
Running time
143 mins.


The plot revolves around the life of Raja (Yakub), a traffic constable. One day, while on his job, he gets distracted by the song being sung by Rani (Nigar Sultana), a street songstress, and leaves his traffic station. This led to a serious traffic accident and Raja is suspended from his job for a year without pay. Rani decides to help Raja and both of them find acting jobs at Gope Theater run by Natharam Gope (Gope).

All seems to be going well with Raja and Rani until Shyam (Shyam), the son of a wealthy Jagirdar (landlord) enters the picture. While watching Rani on stage, Shyam falls in love with her. So begins the classic love triangle that emerges when two men are in love with the same woman. What complicates this love triangle is that Raja just cannot get himself to let Rani know that he is in love with her and seeking more than a friendship. Further complicating this love triangle is that Shyam is already betrothed to Purnima (Purnima) and his love for Rani does not sit well with her. The film progresses with the resolution of the conflicts that arise in this complex love triangle.


  • Nigar Sultana as Rani
  • Shyam as Shyam, Jagirdar's son
  • Yakub as Raja
  • Gope as Nathuram Gope - theatre owner
  • Purnima as Shyam's fiancée
  • Shyama as Mali's wife
  • Cuckoo as dancer
  • Randhir as Shyam's friend
  • Mohana as Ms Jwala, lead actress in Gope's theatre
  • Ramesh Sinha
  • Rajendra Kumar
  • Raj Mehra as watchman of Gope Theatre
  • Iftekar as gardener
  • Khairati as Bhusham M.A ( Gope's manager )


"Mera Piya Gaye Rangoon" sung by Shamshad Begum became an evergreen hit.

Song Singer
"Dil Se Bhula Do Tum Hame" Lata Mangeshkar
"Mere Piya Gaye Rangun" Chitalkar Ramchandra, Shamshad Begum
"Kabhee Khaamosh Ho Jaana" Lata Mangeshkar
"Thukaraa Ke Mujhe Jaanevaale, O Jaanevaale" Lata Mangeshkar
"Gore Gore Mukhade Pe Gesu Jo Chha Gaye" Shamshad Begum
"Bolo Ji Dil Loge To Kya Kya Doge" Mohammed Rafi, Shamshad Begum
"Namaste, Pahale To Ho Gai Namaste" Chitalkar Ramchandra, Mohammed Rafi, Mohantara, Shamshad Begum
"O Dilvaalo Dil Kaa Lagaana Achcha Hai" Chitalkar Ramchandra, Shamshad Begum
"Mohabbat Ki Khushi Kabhi Khamosh Ho Jana" Lata Mangeshkar
"Pyaar Ke Jahaan Kee" Lata Mangeshkar, Shamshad Begum
"Duniya Ko Pyare, Balam Tujhe Meraa Salaam" Shamshad Begum


  1. ^ "Patanga". Filmindia. 15 (5): 312. May 1949. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  2. ^ "Top Earners 1949". Box Office India. Archived from the original on 16 October 2013. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  3. ^ Harnam Singh Rawail at IMDb
  4. ^ Rajendra Kumar – Memories Archived March 12, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "The Superhits of Shamshad Begum". 24 April 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  6. ^ Sanjit Narwekar (12 December 2012). "Lost In The Shadows". Eena Meena Deeka: The Story of Hindi Film Comedy. Rupa Publications. p. 40. ISBN 978-81-291-2625-2. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
  7. ^ Mere Piya Gaye Rangoon (MP3)
  8. ^ "Patanga". Alan Goble. Retrieved 31 August 2015.

External linksEdit