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In 1803, the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed the Passenger Vessels Act. It was the first of many laws intended to regulate the transportation of immigrants and to protect emigrants on board ships from exploitation by transportation companies (such as exorbitant rates and consequent subjection to poor sanitary conditions). The Passenger Act required improved conditions relating to hygiene, food and comfort for passengers travelling to North America. However, this law was not always followed by transportation providers and the spread of infectious diseases such as typhus continued.

Passenger Vessels Act 1803
Status: Repealed

This act was established under humanitarian pretences, but the more practical and desired effect was to raise the cost of passage to prevent as many as possible from leaving. Landlords who feared the emigration of their tenants lobbied extensively for this piece of legislation, and where one could previously travel to Canada for £3–4,[1] the price for the same passage was in some cases raised to £10 or more (equivalent to £900 in 2018). The ability to move abroad was subsequently limited to a small class of people until it was repealed in 1826.

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ Approximately £200 in 2001 pounds, according to the price indices in House of Commons Research Paper 02/44, "Inflation: the value of the pound 1750–2001" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 June 2009., 11 July 2002