Party of Growth

Party of Growth (Russian: Партия Роста, romanizedPartiya Rosta, pronounced [ˈpartʲɪjə ˈrostə]) is a liberal-conservative political party in Russia with representatives in several local legislatures. Created in March 2016 on the basis of the Right Cause party, the party's main policy stances are liberal free market economy, democracy and protecting the rights of the middle class. The party has been led by Boris Titov since its founding. The party is a member of the pro-Kremlin All-Russia People's Front.[4][5][6][7][8]

Party of Growth
Партия Роста
LeaderBoris Titov[1]
FoundedMarch 26, 2016; 6 years ago (2016-03-26)
Preceded byRight Cause
Headquarters2nd Building, Bersenevsky lane, Moscow, Russia. 119072
IdeologyLiberal conservatism
Conservative liberalism
Economic liberalism
Political positionCentre-right[2]
National affiliationAll-Russia People's Front[3]
Colours  Blue
  Red
Seats in the State Duma
1 / 450
Seats in the Regional Parliaments
8 / 3,982
Website
rost.ru

HistoryEdit

CreationEdit

 
Logo of the Party of Growth before 2020

Right Cause was founded in November 2008 as a merger of three parties: Union of Right Forces (SPS), Civilian Power and Democratic Party of Russia. SPS and Civilian Power were both regarded as liberal parties, supporting free market reforms, protection of private property and a decentralized federal government. The Democratic Party also supported liberal values, but its programme was more conservative and nationalistic.[9]

By 2008, the three parties were all in a state of decline. While SPS had achieved 8.7% of votes in the 1999 Duma election, in the 2007 election it only received 0.96%. Support for the Democratic Party (0.13%) and Civilian Power (1.05%) in the 2007 election was also low.[9] SPS—highly critical of Vladimir Putin and United Russia in its 2007 election campaign—was losing voters because Putin had adopted many of the market reforms championed by SPS, and also because companies started to withdraw their financial support from the party. With falling support and votes being lost to United Russia, the three parties, among others, considered mergers in order to survive. The decision to initiate the merger was made in October 2008, and in November the unification was completed. The new party, called Right Cause, was officially registered on 18 February 2009. The party's creation was supported by the presidential administration of Dmitry Medvedev.[10]

The merger was opposed by SPS founding member and former Deputy Prime Minister Boris Nemtsov, who believed the new party would not offer true political opposition, while another SPS founding member Anatoly Chubais, widely considered architect of Russia's privatization programme, voiced strong support for the merger, saying that "a political party is one that participates in elections with chances to win."[9]

ControversyEdit

Despite allegations that the party is too close to the Kremlin be a real opposition party, Right Cause was involved in controversy, finding itself in opposition to the authorities. In January 2009, an arrest warrant was issued for Yevgeny Chichvarkin, founder of leading mobile phone retailer Euroset and anticipated head of Right Cause for the Moscow Region.[11] The warrant was issued in absentia, as Chichvarkin is currently in London, England.,[12] to proclaim its support for Chichvarkin, and according to The Moscow Times, the party suggests that the legal action is "an example of the authorities unjustly targeting business."[13]

First electionsEdit

The first major election where Right Cause took part was the Moscow City Duma elections in October 2009. The party was predicted to receive between 5-8% of the vote, but only managed to register one candidate, who was soundly defeated. Many commentators that assumed that this was part of an effort by city officials of Yury Luzhkov's administration to restrict the chances of opposition parties, many Right Cause members blamed the party leadership for not properly organizing the registration and campaign.[14]

2011—2016Edit

The party currently has representation in several city legislatures, but lacks representation on the regional level.[14] According to a survey conducted in March 2008, less than 2% of the Russian population were loyalists of the party.[10] In April 2011, support for Right Cause was 2.9%. The party's performance has been a disappointment, with analysts attributing its low popularity to the lack of a charismatic leader.[15]

In May 2011, billionaire businessman Mikhail Prokhorov announced a plan to join the leadership of Right Cause.[15] Prohkorov promised to make Right Cause Russia's second largest party on a pro-business platform that will "totally transform" the country. In a television interview, Prokhorov said: "we have got to return to a 14 percent tax, leave small business alone, simplify paperwork and let small business work in peace... I think we won't recognize the country in five to 10 years."[16] On 25 June 2011, Prokhorov was elected to the leadership of the party at the party congress of 2011. At the acceptance ceremony, Prokhorov officially criticized the present ruling tandem of Medvedev-Putin, the structure of Russia, and vowed to bring Russia back to a stable development course.[17] In September 2011, Prokhorov said he had quit Right Cause, "condemning it as a 'puppet Kremlin party' micromanaged by a 'puppet master' in the president’s office..., Vladislav Y. Surkov," according to a report in The New York Times.[18]

On 23 September 2011, the International Democrat Union suspended the associate member status of the Right Cause, lamenting that the party was under "direct control" of the Kremlin and all "liberal voices" had been silenced.[19] Instead, the re-founded Union of Rightist Forces was made a new associate member.[20]

2018 electionEdit

 
Party of Growth billboard in Yekaterinburg during the 2016 State Duma election
 
Boris Titov, party leader since 2016 and 2018 presidential nominee

On 26 March 2016, the party was renamed to the "Party of Growth".[21] In the 2016 State Duma election, the party scored 1.21%, not breaking the 5% barrier and did not pass to the State Duma.

In July 2017, Party of Growth announced that it would hold primaries to nominate a presidential candidate for 2018 election. Four candidates participated in the primaries: Oksana Dmitriyeva, Dmitry Potapenko, Dmitry Marinichev and Alexander Huruji. Voting was conducted via the internet from August to November 2017.[22] On 10 August 2017, the party's press secretary told the media that the results of the primaries will be taken into account at the party congress which will be held to decide the candidate for Party of Growth. However, the winner of the primaries would not guarantee themselves the right to run on behalf of the party.[23] On 26 November, it was announced that the party would nominate party leader Boris Titov, who was not involved in the primaries. According to a person from the party leadership, none of the proposed candidates were able to obtain sufficient support.[24] Titov scored 0.8% in the election.

PlatformEdit

Party of Growth positions itself as a pro-business party in favour of free market reforms, privatization, and protecting the interests of the middle class. The party supports "a broad application of the elective principle", including direct elections of mayors and a gradual return to elections of regional governors. It also supports lowering the threshold for election into the State Duma from 7% to 5% (the threshold was lowered in 2011).[25] The party platform calls for more control to the legislative branch over the executive branch, openness and transparency in the government, and freedom of information. In the economy, the party supports a model entitled "Capitalism for All", which emphasizes developing domestic demand as the main prerequisite for economic diversification, modernization, and the growth of domestic production. The main stimulus for the economy should not be cheap labour, but high income levels.[26]

According to a 2008 research by Colton, Hale and McFaul, the main policy stances associated with the party by the electorate are liberal economy, pro-Westernism and democracy.[10]

The Party of Growth opposes the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, believing that the war has made international investment in Russia "meaningless".[27]

Election resultsEdit

PresidentialEdit

Election Candidate First round Second round Result
Votes % Votes %
2018 Boris Titov 556,801
0.76%
Lost  N

LegislativeEdit

Election Party leader Performance Rank Government
Votes % ± pp Seats +/–
2016 Boris Titov 679,030
1.31%
  0.71[a]
0 / 450
  0   9th[a] Extra-parliamentary
2021 291,483
0.64%
  0.65
1 / 450
  1   13th Opposition
  1. ^ a b Regarding the results of the Right Cause

StructureEdit

LeadersEdit

Regional leadersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Business Ombudsman Boris Titov was elected chairman of the party "Right Cause" echo.msk.ru
  2. ^ Volk, Yevgeny (20 November 2007). "Who's Who in Russia's Parliamentary Elections". The Heritage Foundation.
  3. ^ "Партия роста" предложит ОНФ вместе поработать над созданием рабочих мест (tr. "The "Party of Growth" will offer the ONF to work together to create jobs ") ria.ru
  4. ^ ""Вы демонизируете Кремль" – ВЕДОМОСТИ". 2018-10-21. Archived from the original on 21 October 2018. Retrieved 2022-06-05.
  5. ^ "Суд в Пскове запретил "Яблоку" участвовать в муниципальных выборах". 2018-10-20. Archived from the original on 20 October 2018. Retrieved 2022-06-05.
  6. ^ "Кандидаты в главы районов от Псковского "ЯБЛОКА" потребовали в судах признать незаконной регистрацию кандидатов от "Единой России"". 2018-10-20. Archived from the original on 20 October 2018. Retrieved 2022-06-05.
  7. ^ "Эхо Москвы :: Интервью: Борис Титов". 2016-03-03. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 2022-06-05.
  8. ^ "Борис Титов – РБК: "Бежать надо вправо, бежать надо в бизнес" :: Политика :: РБК". 2016-06-04. Archived from the original on 4 June 2016. Retrieved 2022-06-05.
  9. ^ a b c Wilson, Josh; Decker, Erin (2010-04-09). "Right Cause Searches for Right Path, Part I". The School of Russian and Asian Studies, www.sras.org. Archived from the original on November 30, 2010.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  10. ^ a b c Hale, Henry E. (2010). "Russia's political parties and their substitutes". In White, Stephen (ed.). Developments in Russian Politics 7. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-230-22449-0.
  11. ^ [1] Archived 2009-03-07 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ Евгений Чичваркин (Evgeny Chichvarkin ) Right Cause set up a website, Chichvarkin.info Archived 2009-03-03 at the Wayback Machine collection of pressmaterials by Lenta.ru (in Russian)
  13. ^ [2] Archived 2009-02-10 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ a b Wilson, Josh; Decker, Erin (2010-04-09). "Right Cause Searches for Right Path, Part III". The School of Russian and Asian Studies. Archived from the original on June 20, 2010.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  15. ^ a b "Oligarch Looks to Revamp Party". The Moscow Times. 2011-05-17.
  16. ^ Natalya Krainova (23 May 2011). "Prokhorov Promises 2nd Place in Duma". The Moscow Times.
  17. ^ O'Connor, Clare (16 May 2011), "Billionaire Nets Owner Prokhorov To Enter Politics…And Take On Putin?", Forbes, retrieved 13 November 2011
  18. ^ Kramer, Andrew E.; Barry, Ellen (15 September 2011), "Amid Political Rancor, Russian Party Leader Quits", The New York Times, retrieved 13 November 2011
  19. ^ IDU suspends Right Cause, Russia as Associate Member Archived 2012-03-24 at the Wayback Machine, International Democrat Union, www.idu.org, 23 September 2011. Retrieved 13 November 2011
  20. ^ IDU elect John Howard Leader, welcomes ten new members Archived 2012-03-24 at the Wayback Machine, International Democrat Union, www.idu.org, 23 September 2011. Retrieved 13 November 2011
  21. ^ "Just Cause" was renamed to "Party of Growth" meduza.io
  22. ^ Рост. primaries.rost.ru (in Russian). Archived from the original on 8 August 2017. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
  23. ^ "Члены Партии роста предложили Путину уйти с поста президента" [Members of the Growth Party suggested that Putin step down as president]. РБК. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
  24. ^ Ведомости (26 November 2017). "Борис Титов объявил об участии в выборах президента России" [Boris Titov announced his participation in the presidential elections in Russia]. www.vedomosti.ru. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
  25. ^ "Госдума снизила избирательный порог для партий до 5 процентов" [The State Duma lowered the electoral threshold for parties to 5 percent]. vesti.ru. Retrieved 2016-08-04.
  26. ^ Wilson, Josh; Decker, Erin (2010-04-09). "Right Cause Searches for Right Path, Part II". The School of Russian and Asian Studies. Archived from the original on June 20, 2010.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  27. ^ Елена Ульянова: Пора остановиться и договориться (tr. "Elena Ulyanova: It's time to stop and agree ") rost.ru, accessed 12 March 2022
  28. ^ СПС ушёл на «правое дело» // События на сайте Полит.ру (tr."Events on the Polit.ru website") www.polit.ru (in Russian) — 17.11.2008.
  29. ^ "С чистого листа" [From scratch]. Частный Корреспондент. chaskor.ru. 16 November 2008.

External linksEdit