The Partnership Act 1890 (53 & 54 Vict. c. 39) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which governs the rights and duties of people or corporate entities conducting business in partnership. A partnership is defined in the act as 'the relation which subsists between persons carrying on a business in common with a view of profit.'[1]

Partnership Act 1890
Act of Parliament
Long titleAn Act to declare and amend the Law of Partnership.
Citation53 & 54 Vict. c. 39
Territorial extent England and Wales; Scotland; Northern Ireland
Royal assent14 August 1890
Commencement1 January 1891
Status: Current legislation
Text of statute as originally enacted
Revised text of statute as amended

Main provisions edit

A partnership can arise through conduct, oral agreement, or a written contract known as a partnership agreement. The minimum membership is two and the maximum is unlimited since 2002. The provisions of the Partnership Act 1890 apply unless expressly or implicitly excluded by agreement of the partners. Each partner is entitled to participate in management, get an equal share of profit, an indemnity in respect of liabilities assumed in the course of business and the right to not be expelled by other partners. A partnership ends on the death of a partner, unless an agreement is made prior to the deaths.

Complexities edit

Liability of partners edit

In England partners are jointly liable for the debts and obligations of the firm whilst they are a partner.[2] Where a partner has died, their estate also becomes severally liable.[2] In Scotland partners are both jointly and severally liable.[2] Where there has been a wrongful act or omission,[3] or a misapplication of money or property in receipt,[4] every partner is jointly and severally liable.[5]

See also edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ Partnership Act 1890 s 1
  2. ^ a b c Partnership Act 1890 s 9
  3. ^ Partnership Act 1890 s 10
  4. ^ Partnership Act 1890 s 11
  5. ^ Partnership Act 1890 s 12

External links edit