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Ecologist Green Party of Mexico

  (Redirected from Partido Verde Ecologista de México)

The Ecological Green Party of Mexico (Spanish: Partido Verde Ecologista de México, PVEM or PVE) is one of the six political parties to have representation in the Mexican Congress. In the 2012 Legislative elections, the party took 34 seats in the Chamber of Deputies (out of 500) and nine seats in the Senate (out of 128).[4] During the 2012 Presidential election, PVEM supported Enrique Peña Nieto (EPN), the candidate from the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) and current president of Mexico.

Ecologist Green Party of Mexico
Partido Verde Ecologista de México
English name Ecological Green Party of Mexico
Leader Jorge Emilio González Martínez[1]
President Carlos Alberto Puente Salas
Founded 14 May 1993 (1993-05-14)
Headquarters Loma Bonita 18 Lomas Altas, Miguel Hidalgo Mexico City, México 11950
Ideology Green politics[2]
Green conservatism
Political position Centre-right[3]
National affiliation Alliance for Mexico
International affiliation Global Greens
Continental affiliation Federation of the Green Parties of the Americas
Colours      Green
Seats in the Chamber of Deputies
38 / 500
Seats in the Senate
6 / 128
Governorships
1 / 32
Seats in State legislatures
77 / 1,124
Website
http://www.partidoverde.org.mx/

Contents

Aftermath of Enrique Peña Nieto's government and the return of the PRI to powerEdit

Enrique Peña Nieto's receiving the lowest presidential approval in modern historyEdit

The return of the PRI political party to presidency, which was supported by PVEM, brought some perceived negative consequences, among them:

  • Low levels of presidential approval of EPN and allegations of presidential corruption: The government of president of Mexico Enrique Peña Nieto (EPN) has faced multiple scandals, and allegations of corruption. Reforma, which has run surveys of presidential approval since 1995, revealed EPN had received the lowest presidential approval in modern history since they started surveying about it in 1995. Revealed EPN had received a mere 12% approval rating. The lowest since they started to survey for presidential approval, the second lowest approval was for the Ernesto Zedillo (1994-2000) also from the PRI. While also revealing both presidents elected from National Action Party (PAN), Vicente Fox (2000-2006) and Felipe Calderon (2006-2012), both had higher presidential approvals than the PRI presidents.[5]

ControversiesEdit

Pro-death penalty campaignEdit

 
A Green Party billboard promoting the restoration of the death penalty[6]

In 2008, the PVEM initiated an advertising campaign in favor of reintroducing the death penalty in Mexico.[7] This led to the European Green Party's withdrawal of recognition of the PVEM as a legitimate green party.[8]

Anti-LGBT rights factionsEdit

During an interview, PVE candidate Gamaliel Ramirez verbally attacked an openly gay candidate for Guadalajara mayor and called for criminal laws against homosexuality to be established. In the following days, Ramirez issued a written apology after the party expressed disappointment at his remarks.[9]

While the party has pledged to support LGBT rights issues, 3 representatives abstained from a vote on Mexico City granting legal recognition to same-sex couples.

Accusations of corruption and nepotismEdit

The PVEM is also widely criticized because its current leader, Jorge Emilio González Martínez, was appointed for being the son of former leader Jorge González Torres,[10] and for supporting the political and business agenda of Mexican businessman Víctor González Torres, owner of the Farmacias Similares drugstore franchise and González Martínez's uncle.[11]

State of Mexico allegations of electoral fraud (2017)Edit

The 2017 elections within the state of Mexico were highly controversial, with multiple media outlet feeling there was electoral fraud committed by the PRI (which was supported by PVEM). In November 2017, magazine Proceso published an article accusing the PRI of breaking at least 16 state laws during the elections, which were denounced 619 times. They said that all of them were broken in order to favor PRI candidate for governor Alfredo del Mazo (whom is the cousin of president Enrique Peña Nieto). The article claims, it is the most corrupt election in modern Mexican history, and directly blames the PRI. Alfredo del Mazo is serving as governor, and was declared winner of the election.[12]

Unlawful political propaganda in movie theatersEdit

Within Mexico in March 2015, an article from article from the Mexican edition of the Forbes magazine revealed that Cinemex along its rival movie theater chain Cinepolis, were fined $7 million pesos each for directly disobeying instructions by the Intituto Nacional Electoral (INE, National Electoral Instiute), by showing political propaganda of the Partido Verde Ecologista de Mexico (Ecologist Green Party of Mexico), with the political party itself being fined for $35 million pesos.[13]

Electoral historyEdit

Presidential electionsEdit

Election year Candidate # votes % vote Result Note
1994 Jorge González Torres 327,313 0.93  N Defeated
2000 support PAN Candidate; Coalition: Alliance for Change
2006 support PRI Candidate; Coalition: Alliance for Mexico
2012 support PRI Candidate; Coalition: Committed to Mexico

Congressional electionsEdit

Chamber of DeputiesEdit

Election year Constituency PR # of seats Position Presidency Note
votes % votes %
1994 470,951 1.4 479,594 1.4
00 / 500
Minority Ernesto Zedillo  
1997 1,105,688 3.8 1,116,137 3.8
08 / 500
Minority Ernesto Zedillo  
2000 see: National Action Party
17 / 500
Minority Vicente Fox   Coalition: Alliance for Change
2003 1,063,741 4.1 1,068,721 4.1
17 / 500
Minority Vicente Fox  
2006 see: Institutional Revolutionary Party
19 / 500
Minority Felipe Calderón   Coalition: Alliance for Mexico
2009 2,318,138 6.7 2,326,016 6.7
21 / 500
Minority Felipe Calderón  
2012 3,045,385 6.44 3,054,718 6.43
34 / 500
Minority Enrique Peña Nieto   Coalition: Committed to Mexico
2015 2,740,208 7.57 2,757,170 7.54
47 / 500
Minority Enrique Peña Nieto   Coalition: PRI PVEM

Senate electionsEdit

Election year Constituency PR # of seats Position Presidency Note
votes % votes %
1994 438,941 1.3
0 / 128
Minority Ernesto Zedillo  
1997 1,180,04 4.0
1 / 128
Minority Ernesto Zedillo  
2000 see: National Action Party
5 / 128
Minority Vicente Fox   Coalition: Alliance for Change
2006 see: Institutional Revolutionary Party
6 / 128
Minority Felipe Calderón   Coalition: Alliance for Mexico
2012 867,056 1.9 2,881,923 6.1
9 / 128
Minority Enrique Peña Nieto   Coalition: Committed to Mexico

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bauducco, Gabriel. "Jorge Emilio González: Un niño verde y precoz". elsiglodetorreon.com.mx. Retrieved 18 December 2016. 
  2. ^ Haynes, Jeffrey (2005), Comparative Politics in a Globalizing World, Polity, p. 177 
  3. ^ Mexico Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic, ABC-CLIO, 2012, p. 509 
  4. ^ Seelke, Claire. "Mexico's 2012 Elections" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 10 December 2012. 
  5. ^ http://www.nbcnews.com/news/latino/why-mexican-president-enrique-pe-nieto-so-unpopular-n640611
  6. ^ Blears, James (26 February 2009), Mexico's Green Party Urges Death Penalty for Kidnappers, VOA News, retrieved 2 August 2009 [permanent dead link]
  7. ^ "La Plaza". Los Angeles Times. 10 December 2008. 
  8. ^ Tim Johnson, For Mexico's Ecologist Green Party, 'green' mostly means money, not environment, McClatchy Newspapers (June 18, 2012).
  9. ^ "Green Party rival crossed the line, says gay candidate". Guadalajara Reporter. May 16, 2009. Archived from the original on 22 February 2012. Retrieved November 27, 2009. 
  10. ^ Thompson, Barnard. "Corruption inferences and the Green Party of Mexico". MexiData.info. Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  11. ^ "Miguel Ángel Toscano, dos años de escándalos sanitarios en la Cofepris" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-07-23. 
  12. ^ http://www.proceso.com.mx/511392/ni-libre-ni-autentica-la-eleccion-en-edomex-ni-fraude
  13. ^ https://www.forbes.com.mx/cuanto-pagara-pvem-al-ine-por-spot-cien-minutos/

External linksEdit