Parsa District

Parsa District (Nepali: पर्सा जिल्लाListen ), a part of Madhesh Province in Terai plain, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. The district, with Birgunj as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,353 km2 (522 sq mi) and has a population (2001) of 497,219. According to the locals, Parsa is named after Parashnath temple situated in Mahuwan.

Parsa District
पर्सा जिल्ला
The gate in Birganj on the Indo-Nepal border
The gate in Birganj on the Indo-Nepal border
Location of Parsa District (dark yellow) in Madhesh Province
Location of Parsa District (dark yellow) in Madhesh Province
Parsa District with local level body
Parsa District with local level body
Country   Nepal
ProvinceMadhesh Province
EstablishedDuring Rana regime
Admin HQ.Birgunj
Government
 • TypeCoordination committee
 • BodyDCC, Parsa
 • HeadNek Muhammad Ansari
 • Deputy-HeadThakur Prasad Neupane
 • Parliamentary constituencies4 (List)
 • Provincial constituencies8
Area
 • Total1,353 km2 (522 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)
 • Total649,397
 • Density480/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
 • Households
95,516
Demographics
 • Ethnic groupsMuslim, Kurmi, Tharu, Yadav
 • Female 48%
 • Male /100 female108.21
Human Development Index
 • Income per capita (US dollars)$1519
 • Poverty rate36.37
 • Literacy56%
 • Life Expectancy70.25
Time zoneUTC+05:45 (NPT)
Postal Codes
44301... 44315
Telephone Code051
Main Language(s)Bhojpuri (78.1%), Nepali (6.4%), Maithili (5.1%), Tharu (3.8%), Urdu (2.2%), others (4.4%)
Websitedccparsa.gov.np

EtymologyEdit

According to locals, the name of the district is derived from the Parsagadhi fort, where the Nepali Gorkhali Soldiers defeated British Soldiers.[3]

Geography and ClimateEdit

Climate Zone[4] Elevation Range % of Area
Lower Tropical below 300 meters (1,000 ft) 74.7%
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
25.3n%

DemographicsEdit

Religion in Parsa District (2011)
Religion Percent
Hinduism
83%
Islam
14%
Buddhism
2%
Others
1%
Historical population
Census year1981 1991 2001 2011 2021
Pop.284,338372,524497,219601,017649,397
±% p.a.—    +2.74%+2.93%+1.91%+0.78%
Source: Citypopulation[5]

At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Parsa District had a population of 601,017. Of these, 78.1% spoke Bhojpuri, 6.4% Nepali, 5.1% Maithili, 3.8% Tharu, 2.2% Urdu, 1.3% Tamang, 0.8% Rajasthani and 0.7% Newari as their first language.[6]

Notable peopleEdit

AdministrationEdit

VDC/s and Municipalities (blue) in Parsa District The district consists of one metropolitan city, three urban municipalities and ten rural municipalities. These are as follows:

Former Village Development Committees (VDCs) and municipalitiesEdit

 
Map of the VDCs in Parsa District

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "NepalMap profile: Parsa".
  2. ^ "Nepal Human Development report 2014".
  3. ^ "नेपालीले अंग्रेजलाई हराएको पर्सागढी ओझेलमा". Online Khabar. Retrieved 2021-01-02.
  4. ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 978-87-7903-210-1, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
  5. ^ "NEPAL: Administrative Division". www.citypopulation.de.
  6. ^ "NepalMap profile: Parsa". NepalMap. Retrieved 19 July 2022.

Coordinates: 27°0′N 84°52′E / 27.000°N 84.867°E / 27.000; 84.867