Parsa District (Nepali: पर्सा जिल्लाListen (help·info)), a part of Madhesh Province in Terai plain, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. The district, with Birgunj as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,353 km2 (522 sq mi) and has a population (2001) of 497,219. According to the locals, Parsa is named after Parashnath temple situated in Mahuwan.
|Established||During Rana regime|
|• Type||Coordination committee|
|• Body||DCC, Parsa|
|• Head||Nek Muhammad Ansari|
|• Deputy-Head||Thakur Prasad Neupane|
|• Parliamentary constituencies||4 (List)|
|• Provincial constituencies||8|
|• Total||1,353 km2 (522 sq mi)|
|• Density||480/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|• Ethnic groups||Muslim, Kurmi, Tharu, Yadav|
|• Female ♀||48%|
|• Male ♂/100 female||108.21|
|Human Development Index|
|• Income per capita (US dollars)||$1519|
|• Poverty rate||36.37|
|• Life Expectancy||70.25|
|Time zone||UTC+05:45 (NPT)|
|Main Language(s)||Bhojpuri (78.1%), Nepali (6.4%), Maithili (5.1%), Tharu (3.8%), Urdu (2.2%), others (4.4%)|
According to locals, the name of the district is derived from the Parsagadhi fort, where the Nepali Gorkhali Soldiers defeated British Soldiers.
Geography and ClimateEdit
|Climate Zone||Elevation Range||% of Area|
|Lower Tropical||below 300 meters (1,000 ft)||74.7%|
|Upper Tropical||300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Parsa District had a population of 601,017. Of these, 78.1% spoke Bhojpuri, 6.4% Nepali, 5.1% Maithili, 3.8% Tharu, 2.2% Urdu, 1.3% Tamang, 0.8% Rajasthani and 0.7% Newari as their first language.
- Ajay Chaurasiya - Nepali Congress leader, former minister and former Member of House of Representatives/Constituent Assembly
- Ajay Kumar Dwivedi - Nepali Congress leader and Member of Constituent Assembly
- Mohammad Lalbabu Raut Gaddhi - First Chief Minister of Madhesh Province
- Om Prakash Sharma - Nepali Congress leader, member of provincial assembly and Minister of Energy and Water Supply of Madhesh Province
- Pradeep Yadav - Suspended leader of PSP-N and member of House of Representatives
- Birgunj Metropolitan
- Bahudarmai Municipality
- Parsagadhi Municipality
- Pokhariya Municipality
- Bindabasini Rural Municipality
- Dhobini Rural Municipality
- Chhipaharmai Rural Municipality
- Jagarnathpur Rural Municipality
- Jirabhawani Rural Municipality
- Kalikamai Rural Municipality
- Pakaha Mainpur Rural Municipality
- Paterwa Sugauli Rural Municipality
- Sakhuwa Prasauni Rural Municipality
- Thori Rural Municipality
Former Village Development Committees (VDCs) and municipalitiesEdit
- "NepalMap profile: Parsa".
- "Nepal Human Development report 2014".
- "नेपालीले अंग्रेजलाई हराएको पर्सागढी ओझेलमा". Online Khabar. Retrieved 2021-01-02.
- The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 978-87-7903-210-1, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
- "NEPAL: Administrative Division". www.citypopulation.de.
- "NepalMap profile: Parsa". NepalMap. Retrieved 19 July 2022.