Parsa District

Parsa District (Nepali: पर्सा जिल्लाAbout this soundListen , a part of Province No. 2 in Terai plain, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. The district, with Birgunj as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,353 km2 (522 sq mi) and has a population (2001) of 497,219. According to the locals, Parsa is named after Parashnath temple situated in Mahuwan.

Parsa District
पर्सा जिल्ला
The gate in Birganj on the Indo-Nepal border
The gate in Birganj on the Indo-Nepal border
Location of Parsa District (dark yellow) in Province No. 2
Location of Parsa District (dark yellow) in Province No. 2
Parsa District with local level body
Parsa District with local level body
Country   Nepal
ProvinceProvince No. 2
EstablishedDuring Rana regime
Admin HQ.Birganj
Local level body
Government
 • TypeCoordination committee
 • BodyDCC, Parsa
 • HeadNek Muhammad Ansari
 • Deputy-HeadThakur Prasad Neupane
 • Parliamentary constituencies4 (List)
 • Provincial constituencies8
Area
 • Total1,353 km2 (522 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total601,017
 • Density440/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
 • Households
95,516
Demographics
 • Ethnic groupsMuslim, Kurmi, Tharu, Yadav
 • Female 48%
 • Male /100 female108.21
Human Development Index
 • Income per capita (US dollars)$1223
 • Poverty rate36.37
 • Literacy56%
 • Life Expectancy70.25
Time zoneUTC+05:45 (NPT)
Postal Codes
44301... 44315
Telephone Code051
Main Language(s)Bhojpuri (78.1%), Nepali (6.4%), Maithili (5.1%), Tharu (3.8%), Urdu (2.2%), others (4.4%)
Websitedccparsa.gov.np

EtymologyEdit

According to locals, the name of the district is derived from the Parsagadhi fort, where the Nepali Gorkhali Soldiers defeated British Soldiers.[3]

Geography and ClimateEdit

Climate Zone[4] Elevation Range % of Area
Lower Tropical below 300 meters (1,000 ft) 74.7%
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
25.3n%

DemographicsEdit

At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Parsa District had a population of 601,017. Of these, 78.1% spoke Bhojpuri, 6.4% Nepali, 5.1% Maithili, 3.8% Tharu, 2.2% Urdu, 1.3% Tamang, 0.8% Rajasthani and 0.7% Newari as their first language.

30.4% of the population in the district spoke Nepali, 5.4% Bhojpuri and 4.9% Hindi as their second language.[5]

AdministrationEdit

VDC/s and Municipalities (blue) in Parsa District The district consists of one metropolitan city, three urban municipalities and ten rural municipalities. These are as follows:

Former Village Development Committees (VDCs) and municipalitiesEdit

 
Map of the VDCs in Parsa District

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://nepalmap.org/profiles/district-53-parsa/
  2. ^ http://www.npc.gov.np/human_development_indicators_by_district/
  3. ^ "नेपालीले अंग्रेजलाई हराएको पर्सागढी ओझेलमा". Online Khabar. Retrieved 2021-01-02.
  4. ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 978-87-7903-210-1, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
  5. ^ 2011 Nepal Census, Social Characteristics Tables
"Districts of Nepal". Statoids.

Coordinates: 27°0′N 84°52′E / 27.000°N 84.867°E / 27.000; 84.867