Parsa District (Nepali: पर्सा जिल्लाListen (help·info), a part of Province No. 2 in Terai plain, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. The district, with Birgunj as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,353 km2 (522 sq mi) and has a population (2001) of 497,219. According to the locals, Parsa is named after Parashnath temple situated in Mahuwan.
According to locals, the name of the district is derived from the Parsagadhi fort, where the Nepali Gorkhali Soldiers defeated British Soldiers.
Geography and ClimateEdit
|Climate Zone||Elevation Range||% of Area|
|Lower Tropical||below 300 meters (1,000 ft)||74.7%|
|Upper Tropical||300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Parsa District had a population of 601,017. Of these, 78.1% spoke Bhojpuri, 6.4% Nepali, 5.1% Maithili, 3.8% Tharu, 2.2% Urdu, 1.3% Tamang, 0.8% Rajasthani and 0.7% Newari as their first language.
- Birgunj Metropolitan
- Bahudarmai Municipality
- Parsagadhi Municipality
- Pokhariya Municipality
- Bindabasini Rural Municipality
- Dhobini Rural Municipality
- Chhipaharmai Rural Municipality
- Jagarnathpur Rural Municipality
- Jirabhawani Rural Municipality
- Kalikamai Rural Municipality
- Pakaha Mainpur Rural Municipality
- Paterwa Sugauli Rural Municipality
- Sakhuwa Prasauni Rural Municipality
- Thori Rural Municipality
Former Village Development Committees (VDCs) and municipalitiesEdit
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Parsa District.|
- "नेपालीले अंग्रेजलाई हराएको पर्सागढी ओझेलमा". Online Khabar. Retrieved 2021-01-02.
- The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 978-87-7903-210-1, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
- 2011 Nepal Census, Social Characteristics Tables
- "Districts of Nepal". Statoids.