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The Parliamentary groups in Spain are the union of members of parliament who may or may not belong to the same political party, but with the same or similar political ideology. The figure of the parliamentary group is common to the Cortes Generales, the national parliament of Spain, and the regional legislatures.

There is not a unified regulation on what the requirements are to form a parliamentary group. In the case of the national parliament, each House possess their own standing rules establishing the requirements. As common aspects, the senators or deputies that not belong to a parliamentary group are integrated in the Mixed Group. As common aspects, the senators or deputies that not belong to a parliamentary group are integrated in the Mixed Group. Also, the groups are represented by an Spokesperson (that may be or not the leader of the political party).

National legislatureEdit

SenateEdit

According to the Standing Orders of the Senate, the Senate's parliamentary groups needs a minimum of 10 senators to be formed and during the term of the legislature, this number can not go below 6 senators. In this case, the group would be dissolved(II § 27).

Each group can freely chose their name (II § 27) and they have to present before the Bureau of the Senate in the five days after the constitutive session the request in which they must to indicate which senators will form part of the parliamentary group. In the case of regional senators (appointed by the regional legislatures), they have five days since the appointment to integrate in one of the parliamentary groups (II § 28).[1]

The Senate's parliamentary groups are subdivided in Territorial Groups. These groups are formed by a minimum of 3 senators belonging to specific constituencies (II § 32).

As of July 2019, in the 13th Senate, these are the Senate' parliamentary groups:[2][Note]

Party or alliance Leader Spokesperson MPs
Socialist Parliamentary Group (GPS)
  Pedro Sánchez
(PM)
  Ander Gil 138
Popular Parliamentary Group (GPP)
  Pablo Casado   Javier Maroto 69
Republican Left-EH Bildu Parliamentary Group (GPERB)
  Mirella Cortès Gès 14
Citizens Parliamentary Group (GPC)
  Albert Rivera   Lorena Roldán 13
Basque Parliamentary Group (GPV)
  Jokin Bildarratz 10
Confederal Left Parliamentary Group (GPIC)
  Carles Mulet García 6
Nationalist Parliamentary Group (GPN)
  Josep Lluís Cleries 5
Mixed Parliamentary Group (GPMX)
Alberto Catalán Higueras
Fabián Chinea Correa
José Miguel Fernández
Francisco José Alcaraz
Raül Romeva
5
The 6 missing senators will assume when the newly-elected regional parliaments designated them.

Congress of DeputiesEdit

The Congress of Deputies is the lower house of the Cortes Generales and the strongest of both houses. The requirements to form a parliamentary group in Congress are more complex (II § 23):

  • The parliamentary groups needs a minimum of 15 MPs.
  • In the case of not having 15 MPs, the parliamentary groups with no less than 5 MPs with a 5% of the national vote or a 15% of vote in their constituency, can form a parliamentary group.

As in the Senate, the parliamentary groups have to be formed within the five days after the constitutive session of the House and they need the approval of the Bureau of the Congress (II § 24).[3]

As of May 2019, in the 13th Cortes Generales, these are the Congress' parliamentary groups:[4]

Party or alliance Leader Spokesperson Ideology MPs
Socialist Parliamentary Group (GPS)
  Pedro Sánchez
(PM)
  Adriana Lastra Social democracy 123
Popular Parliamentary Group (GPP)
  Pablo Casado   Cayetana Álvarez de Toledo Conservatism
Christian democracy
66
Citizens Parliamentary Group (GPC)
  Albert Rivera   Inés Arrimadas Liberalism 57
Confederal Group of Unidos Podemos-En Comú Podem-Galicia en Común (GPPOD)
  Pablo Iglesias   Irene Montero Left-wing populism
Democratic socialism
42
Vox Parliamentary Group (GPVOX)
  Santiago Abascal   Iván Espinosa de los Monteros Right-wing populism
Ultranationalism
Neoliberalism
24
Republican Parliamentary Group
  Gabriel Rufián Catalan independence
Social democracy
Democratic socialism
14
Basque Parliamentary Group (GPV)
  Aitor Esteban Basque nationalism
Christian democracy
Conservative liberalism
6
Mixed Parliamentary Group (GPMX)
Laura Borràs
Oskar Matute
Ana Oramas
Sergio Sayas
Joan Baldoví
José María Ángel Mazón
Oriol Junqueras
This group is formed by MPs without a parliamentary group, so the ideology is diverse. 18

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Senate of Spain Standing Orders (in Spanish)". www.boe.es. Retrieved 2019-05-31.
  2. ^ España, Senado de. "Cuadro resumen de Grupos Parlamentarios (Composición actual)". www.senado.es. Retrieved 2019-05-31.
  3. ^ "Congress of Deputies' Standing Orders (in Spanish)". www.boe.es. Retrieved 2019-05-31.
  4. ^ "Parliamentary groups of the Congress of Deputies for the 13th Cortes Generales".

NotesEdit

^ The parliamentary groups are divided according to political parties. Groups of less than 6 senators do exist because other political parties lend their senators to other parties in order to allow them to have a parliamentary group.