Parliamentary group (Spain)
The Parliamentary groups in Spain are the union of members of parliament who may or may not belong to the same political party, but with the same or similar political ideology. The figure of the parliamentary group is common to the Cortes Generales, the national parliament of Spain, and the regional legislatures.
There is not a unified regulation on what the requirements are to form a parliamentary group. In the case of the national parliament, each House possess their own standing rules establishing the requirements. As common aspects, the senators or deputies that not belong to a parliamentary group are integrated in the Mixed Group. As common aspects, the senators or deputies that not belong to a parliamentary group are integrated in the Mixed Group. Also, the groups are represented by an Spokesperson (that may be or not the leader of the political party).
According to the Standing Orders of the Senate, the Senate's parliamentary groups needs a minimum of 10 senators to be formed and during the term of the legislature, this number can not go below 6 senators. In this case, the group would be dissolved(II § 27).
Each group can freely chose their name (II § 27) and they have to present before the Bureau of the Senate in the five days after the constitutive session the request in which they must to indicate which senators will form part of the parliamentary group. In the case of regional senators (appointed by the regional legislatures), they have five days since the appointment to integrate in one of the parliamentary groups (II § 28).
The Senate's parliamentary groups are subdivided in Territorial Groups. These groups are formed by a minimum of 3 senators belonging to specific constituencies (II § 32).
|Party or alliance||Leader||Spokesperson||MPs|
|Socialist Parliamentary Group (GPS)
|Popular Parliamentary Group (GPP)
||Pablo Casado||Javier Maroto||69|
|Republican Left-EH Bildu Parliamentary Group (GPERB)
||Mirella Cortès Gès||14|
|Citizens Parliamentary Group (GPC)
||Albert Rivera||Lorena Roldán||13|
|Basque Parliamentary Group (GPV)
|Confederal Left Parliamentary Group (GPIC)
||Carles Mulet García||6|
|Nationalist Parliamentary Group (GPN)
||Josep Lluís Cleries||5|
|Mixed Parliamentary Group (GPMX)
||Alberto Catalán Higueras
Fabián Chinea Correa
José Miguel Fernández
Francisco José Alcaraz
|The 6 missing senators will assume when the newly-elected regional parliaments designated them.|
Congress of DeputiesEdit
- The parliamentary groups needs a minimum of 15 MPs.
- In the case of not having 15 MPs, the parliamentary groups with no less than 5 MPs with a 5% of the national vote or a 15% of vote in their constituency, can form a parliamentary group.
- "Senate of Spain Standing Orders (in Spanish)". www.boe.es. Retrieved 2019-05-31.
- España, Senado de. "Cuadro resumen de Grupos Parlamentarios (Composición actual)". www.senado.es. Retrieved 2019-05-31.
- "Congress of Deputies' Standing Orders (in Spanish)". www.boe.es. Retrieved 2019-05-31.
- "Parliamentary groups of the Congress of Deputies for the 13th Cortes Generales".
- ^ The parliamentary groups are divided according to political parties. Groups of less than 6 senators do exist because other political parties lend their senators to other parties in order to allow them to have a parliamentary group.