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Federal Parliament of Nepal

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The Federal Parliament of Nepal (Nepali: संघीय संसद नेपाल, Saṅghīya Sansada Nēpāl) is the federal and supreme legislative body of Nepal. It is a bicameral federal legislature that consists of the National Assembly as upper house and the

Federal Parliament of Nepal

संघीय संसद, नेपाल
Emblem of Nepal
HousesNational Assembly,
House of Representatives
Founded5 March 2018 (20 months ago) (2018-03-05)
Preceded byConstituent Assembly of Nepal
Bidhya Devi Bhandari
since 29 October, 2015
Nanda Kishor Pun
since 31 October 2015
Chairman of the National Assembly
Ganesh Prasad Timilsina, NCP
since 15 March 2018
Sashikala Dahal, NCP
since 19 March 2018
Speaker of the House of Representatives
since 1 October 2019
Deputy Speaker of the House of Representatives
Shiva Maya Tumbahamphe, NCP
since 16 March 2018
Leader of the House of Representatives
Khadga Prasad Oli, NCP
since 4 March 2018
59 assemblymen
275 representatives
House of Representatives Nepal 2018.svg
House of Representatives political groups
Government (190)

Opposition (84)

Vacant (1)
Assemblee nationale nepalaise.svg
National Assembly political groups
Government (44)

Opposition (15)

  •      NC: 13
  •      RJPN: 2
First-past-the-post & Proportional representation
Single transferable vote
26 November and 7 December 2017
National Assembly last election
7 February 2018
Meeting place
Nepalese Constituent Assembly Building.jpg
International Convention Centre, New Baneshwor, Kathmandu, Nepal
Constitution of Nepal


Legislatures of Kingdom of NepalEdit

The former Parliament of Nepal was dissolved by King Gyanendra in 2002, on the grounds that it was incapable of handling the Maoist rebels. The country's five main political parties have staged protests against the king, arguing that he must either call fresh elections or reinstate the elected legislature. In 2004, the king announced that parliamentary elections would be held within twelve months; in April 2006, in response to major pro-democratic protests, it was announced that Parliament would be reestablished.[3] The current prime minister of Nepal is Khadga Prasad Oli.

Interim Legislature of NepalEdit

After the success of the April 2006 people's movement, on January 15, 2007, the old parliament was dissolved and replaced by the 330-member interim legislature of Nepal.[citation needed] By the legislature an Interim Constitution was promulgated and a constituent assembly election was held in April 2008. The 601-member assembly on 28 May 2008 abolished the 238-year-old monarchy and declared the country a republic. The parliament constituent assembly, which was initially given two years to draft a new constitution, was dissolved on 27 May 2012 after its failure to draft a new constitution due to differences over restructuring the state.

Legislature Parliament of NepalEdit

The Legislature Parliament of Nepal was expired by 21 January 2018 (7 Magh, 2074 BS).[4]

The second Nepalese Constituent Assembly was converted into legislative parliament of Nepal after the promulgation of the constitution on September 20, 2015.[5] The second Nepalese Constituent Assembly was formed after failure of first Constituent Assembly to draft a new constitution. The second Nepalese Constituent Assembly has completed its task by successfully promulgating the constitution on September 20, 2015.


According to the Constitution of Nepal 2015, Nepal has a two-chamber Parliament (संसद).[6] The House of Representatives (प्रतिनिधि सभा) has 275 members elected for a five-year term; 165 are elected from single-seat constituencies and 110 drawn from a proportional party list.

The National Assembly (राष्ट्रिय सभा) has 59 members elected for a six-year term. Among the 59 members, three members are nominated by the President. The remaining 56 are elected from all seven provinces equally (eight each). They must include at least three women, one Dalit, and one member from disabled groups.

President of NepalEdit

House of RepresentativesEdit

National AssemblyEdit

Powers and rightsEdit

Parliamentary committeesEdit

House of RepresentativesEdit


International Relations

Industry, Commerce, Labour and Consumer Interest

Law, Justice, and Human Rights

Agriculture Cooperative and Natural Resources

Women and Social

State Affairs

Development and Technology

Education and Health

Public Account

National AssemblyEdit

Sustainable Development and Good Governance

Legislative Management

Delegated Legislation and Government Assurances

National Interest and coordination among members


Parliamentary Hearing

State Direction, Principle Rules and Responsibility

Women's RepresentationEdit

Nepal currently has a woman as deputy speaker of the Parliament. On 16 March 2018 Shiva Maya Tumbahamphe elected as the deputy speaker of the house.[7] Women’s representation in the Parliament of Nepal has increased in the Constituent Assembly, which will have immense role to draft the future constitution of Nepal.[3]

Parliament HouseEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Elected Speaker". Nepal Republic Media. Kathmandu, Nepal. 1 October 2019. Archived from the original on 1 October 2019. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  2. ^ a b "FSF-N to join NCP-led govt". 28 May 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Nepal's Political Development: Nepal Constituent Assembly Portal". Archived from the original on 3 August 2010. Retrieved 10 April 2010.
  4. ^ "संविधानसभा प्रथम". Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  5. ^ "Nepal elects first woman speaker of parliament - Times of India".
  6. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 December 2015. Retrieved 8 December 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "CPN-UML leader Tumbahamphe elected to Deputy Speaker of HoR". 16 March 2018.

External linksEdit