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Parliament House of Thailand

The Parliament House of Thailand (Thai: อาคารรัฐสภาไทย) currently houses the unicameral National Assembly of Thailand, the legislative branch of the Government of Thailand. Under normal situation, the legislature is a bicameral body, consisting of two chambers: the upper house, (the Senate of Thailand), and the lower house, (the House of Representatives of Thailand). The Parliament House of Thailand is located in the Dusit district in the capital Bangkok, Thailand.[1]

Parliament House of Thailand
Thai Parliament House.JPG
General information
Architectural styleModern
Town or cityDusit, Bangkok
Construction started5 November 1970
Completed19 September 1974
ClientNational Assembly of Thailand



Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva answering questions in the chamber in 2009

After the first general election to the National Assembly in 1933, King Prajadhipok officially gave the Ananta Samakhom Throne Hall to the new legislature. The Throne Hall was previously part of the Dusit Palace. Throughout the years the composition of the National Assembly increased and the Throne Hall became too small to accommodate all the members and the parliament's support offices. Three attempts were made to build a new building, however each failed because the government in power was terminated before a budget could be appropriated.[2]


The fourth attempt, however, was a success. King Bhumibol Adulyadej appropriated to the National Assembly royal land immediately north of the Throne Hall for the site of the new Parliament House. The construction began on 5 November 1970, with a budget of 51,027,360 baht. The new Parliament House complex comprises three buildings:

  • The First Building: or the Parliament House, has three stories and contains the meeting chambers for the National Assembly, which the Senate and the House both share. It also contain the offices of the President and Vice President of the National Assembly and the deputy presiding officers.
  • The Second Building: a seven-story building contains the Secretariat and offices of the National Assembly as well as its Printing Press.
  • The Third Building: a two-story building used as the Parliament club with facilities for Assembly members.

The Parliament House was first used on 19 September 1974, as the Ananta Samakhom Throne Hall became once more a part of the Dusit Palace and returned permanently to the Thai monarchy. From then on the Parliament House became the primary building used for the National Assembly, only the State Opening is held in the Throne Hall.

Statue of King PrajadhipokEdit

At the front of the legislative building is a statue of a seated King Prajadhipok The statue is only half life-size and depicts the king in royal regalia, sitting on the 'Phuttan Kanchanasinghat' Throne. The Thai Parliament Museum is located underneath this statue.


On July 29, 2008, the National Assembly appropriated new funds to construct a new and grander Parliament House. As of December 2008 a site belonging to the Royal Thai Army has been found but has not yet been confirmed. In 2013 Secretariat of the National Assembly confirmed that the National Assembly will move to the new Parliament House, Sappaya-Sapasathan in 2019.[3][4]


Debating chamber within the building
Empty desks

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