Parikkala (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈpɑrikːɑlɑ]) is a municipality of Finland located in the province of Southern Finland and is part of the South Karelia region, 97 kilometres (60 mi) from Lappeenranta and 139 kilometres (86 mi) from Joensuu. The town center of Parikkala is about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from the Russian border. The municipality has a population of 4,571 (31 December 2021)[2] and covers an area of 760.71 square kilometres (293.71 sq mi) of which 167.78 km2 (64.78 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 7.71 inhabitants per square kilometre (20.0/sq mi).

Parikkala
Municipality
Parikkalan kunta
Parikkala kommun
Church of Parikkala
Church of Parikkala
Coat of arms of Parikkala
Location of Parikkala in Finland
Location of Parikkala in Finland
Coordinates: 61°33′N 029°30′E / 61.550°N 29.500°E / 61.550; 29.500Coordinates: 61°33′N 029°30′E / 61.550°N 29.500°E / 61.550; 29.500
Country Finland
RegionSouth Karelia
Sub-regionImatra sub-region
Charter1635
Government
 • Municipality managerAlpo Kosunen
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total760.71 km2 (293.71 sq mi)
 • Land592.93 km2 (228.93 sq mi)
 • Water167.78 km2 (64.78 sq mi)
 • Rank141st largest in Finland
Population
 (2021-12-31)[2]
 • Total4,571
 • Rank181st largest in Finland
 • Density7.71/km2 (20.0/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish98.5% (official)
 • Swedish0.1%
 • Others1.4%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1410.2%
 • 15 to 6449.1%
 • 65 or older40.8%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]20.5%
ClimateDfc
Websitewww.parikkala.fi

Parikkala is located around lake Simpele and it is a part of a countryside rich with hills and chains of ridges. The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

HistoryEdit

 
Lutheran church of Parikkala early 20th century

Settlements and artifacts dated to the Stone Age and Bronze Age have been found in Parikkala. A permanent settlement was established around the 15th century.

Many demarcations had a significant impact to Parikkala's development from the Treaty of Nöteborg on August 12, 1323 to peace treaties signed in 1947 with the Soviet Union; for example, in the Treaty of Nystad from 1721, which in practice defined roughly Finland's current border with Russia, Parikkala remained the only current Finnish municipality on the Russian side before the formation of the Grand Duchy of Finland.[6] After World War II, one third (199.3 km²) of Parikkala's area was handed over to the Soviet Union. The Orthodox Church has been very influential in this area since the middle ages. Later, Parikkala has become known for its many dairies. Parikkala became independent in 1617.

In 2004, three municipalities (Parikkala, Saari and Uukuniemi) merged to form one municipality called Parikkala.

EducationEdit

A comprehensive school, one of the first rural schools in Karelia of Ladoga, was founded in 1907. In 1910 the first three-class school building was built; later it expanded to include a gymnasium, hall and kitchen.[clarification needed] A grand piano was provided in the hall, and Finnish artists Toivo Kuula and Oskar Merikanto held their concerts there when visiting Parikkala. Upper secondary school started in the year 1940 and the first class graduated in 1943. The largest number of pupils was in the 1950s, when over 500 pupils attended school there.

Traveling and routesEdit

Parikkala is located on the main railway line from Helsinki to Joensuu. A railway station is located in the middle of Parikkala village center. Traveling time is about three and half hours from Helsinki, and all passenger trains stop at Parikkala. The city of Imatra is about 60 km south of Parikkala.

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M12*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003–2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  6. ^ YLE: Rajakivestä löytyi "hymiö", jonka alkuperää ei tiedetä – kyseessä voi olla 300 vuotta vanha ruotsalaisvitsi (in Finnish)

External linksEdit