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Parhez Banu Begum (21 August 1611 – c. 1675) was a Mughal princess, the first child and eldest daughter of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan from his first wife, Kandahari Begum. She was also the older half-sister of her father's successor, the sixth Mughal emperor Aurangzeb.

Parhez Banu Begum
Shahzadi of the Mughal Empire
Born 21 August 1611
Agra, India
Died c. 1675 (aged 63–64)
Delhi, India
House Timurid
Father Shah Jahan
Mother Kandahari Begum
Religion Islam


Parhez was born on 21 August 1611 in Agra to Prince Khurram (the future emperor Shah Jahan) and his first wife Kandahari Begum. She was named 'Parhez Banu Begum' (Persian: "the abstinent Princess")[1] by her paternal grandfather, Emperor Jahangir. However, in the Maasir-i-Alamgiri, she is referred to as Purhunar Banu Begum.[2] Her father, Prince Khurram, was the third son of Emperor Jahangir, while her mother, Kandahari Begum, was a princess of the prominent Safavid dynasty of Iran (Persia) and was a daughter of Sultan Muzaffar Husain Mirza Safavi (who was a direct descendant of Shah Ismail I).[3]

Parhez was Shah Jahan's first child and his eldest daughter and was brought up by her step-great-grandmother, the dowager empress Ruqaiya Sultan Begum, who had been Emperor Akbar's first and chief wife,[4] and who had also brought up her father, Shah Jahan.[5]

Although her mother was not Shah Jahan's favourite wife, nonetheless, she was loved by her father; who had earnestly requested his daughter, Jahanara Begum (his eldest daughter from Mumtaz Mahal) on his deathbed, to look after Parhez. She was also loved and well-cared for by her younger half-brother, Aurangzeb.[2]


  1. ^ Fraser, James (1742). The History of Nadir Shah: Formerly Called Thamas Kuli Khan, the Present Emperor of Persia. ... At the End is Inserted, a Catalogue of about Two Hundred Manuscripts in the Persic and Other Oriental Languages, Collected in the East. By James Fraser. W. Strahan. p. 29. 
  2. ^ a b Sarker, Kobita (2007). Shah Jahan and his paradise on earth : the story of Shah Jahan's creations in Agra and Shahjahanabad in the golden days of the Mughals (1. publ. ed.). Kolkata: K.P. Bagchi & Co. p. 187. ISBN 9788170743002. 
  3. ^ Nicoll, Fergus (2009). Shah Jahan. New Delhi: Viking. p. 64. ISBN 9780670083039. 
  4. ^ Findly, Ellison Banks (1993). Nur Jahan, empress of Mughal India. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 98. ISBN 9780195360608. 
  5. ^ Jahangir, Emperor of Hindustan (1999). The Jahangirnama: Memoirs of Jahangir, Emperor of India. Translated by Thackston, Wheeler M. Oxford University Press. p. 437. ISBN 978-0-19-512718-8.