Pardubice Airport (Czech: Letiště Pardubice) (IATA: PED, ICAO: LKPD) is both military and civilian international airport in the city of Pardubice, Czech Republic. Apart from the military purpose, it is used for scheduled services, charter flights to Southern Europe during the summer season and cargo flights.
|Operator||EBA a. s.|
|Serves||Pardubice, Czech Republic|
|Elevation AMSL||741 ft / 226 m|
After the construction of a new terminal building, apron and ground handling facilities in 2017, Pardubice Airport opened up to serve more passengers and handle standard commercial aircraft such as Boeing 737 or Airbus A320 providing better and faster services. The new terminal building bears the name of Jan Kašpar, a Czech aviation pioneer. Airport's 2017 refurbishment and construction costed 256 million CZK and was fully funded by the Pardubice City Council and Pardubice Region through their shared subsidiary company East Bohemian Airport, a.s. that runs the airport.
In 1910 Jan Kašpar, an engineer and aviation enthusiast, and his cousin Eugen Čihák, bought a Bleriot XI aeroplane and started with flight experiments on the local military exercise ground in Pardubice. On 16 April 1910 Kašpar flew for the first time and as the first person in Czech lands. In later years he arranged flight exhibitions over the country, most famously his flight from Pardubice to Prague (120 km) on 13 May 1911.
The first flying club in the Czech lands was founded in Pardubice on 26 April 1911. The club, named Pardubice Aviation society (Aviatické družstvo Pardubice) had five hangars but during World War I its activities stopped. After the war the place held occasional flight exhibitions. Since the end of 1929 the airport was used as a training place for aviation enthusiasts; expanded to 25 hectares, it was one of the largest in the country. Since 1933 the airport was also used for glider training. Between 1936 and 1937 new modern airport facilities were built.
Development since World War IIEdit
Since 1950 the airport was used only for the military. A 2,500 m long concrete runway was built and a pilot training centre established. The airport hosted the 4th and 18th Fighter Air Wings (4. stíhaci a 18. stíhací letecký pluk) equipped with S-199, MiG-15, C-2, C-5, C-11, MiG-19S, MiG-19PM, MiG-21F and Mi-1 helicopters, the 47th Reconnaissance Wing (47. průzkumný letecký pluk) with MiG-21R, Il-28L, Il-14 and later with Su-22 and since 1986 the 30th Strafer Wing (30. bitevní letecký pluk) with Su-25K. Large support military units were located next to the airport and in the city.
During the 1990s the military role of the airport gradually declined. Since 1994 the airport was used as a training base (34. základna školního letectva) but in 2003 the army reduced the role of the airport to provide maintenance and logistics.
In 1993 the company East Bohemian Airport a.s. aiming to open the airport for civil use was formed. Officially, the airport was opened for civil operation on 18 May 1995. Since 1 November 1996 the airport has been authorised for operation under the Instrument flight rules.
Airlines and destinationsEdit
The following airlines operate regular scheduled flights to and from Pardubice:
|Red Wings Airlines||Moscow–Domodedovo|
|Ryanair|| London–Stansted (ends 29 June 2019) |
|Smartwings||Seasonal: Antalya, Burgas, Heraklion, Rhodes|
In 2007 the airport handled a peak of 93,659 of passengers (about 85% from Russia) and 888 tonnes of cargo; in 2009, hit by the financial crisis, 49,032 passengers, 343 tonnes of cargo and 994 movements.
Accidents and incidentsEdit
- Airport outputs Archived 12 October 2006 at the Wayback Machine. Airport-pardubice.cz (24 January 2016).
- Pardubice Airport – Outputs Archived 12 October 2006 at the Wayback Machine. Airport-pardubice.cz (30 October 2006).
- airport-pardubice.cz - Scheduled flights retrieved 26 December 2016
- "Startuje přímá linka z Pardubic do Moskvy". airport-pardubice.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 1 April 2018.
- "Ryanair oznamuje dřívější zahájení letů z Pardubic". www.planes.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 10 May 2017.
- "Ryanair bude létat z Pardubic do španělského Alicante". www.happyfly.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 14 November 2017.
- "Flight schedule". smartwings.com.
- "Two flights between Pardubic and Moscow in a week" (in Czech). September 2007. Retrieved 10 September 2008.
- Traffic statistics at the airport website Archived 12 October 2006 at the Wayback Machine. Airport-pardubice.cz (30 October 2006).
- "Typhoon accident during arrival to CIAF". Airshow info. 1 September 2017. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
- Journal ZPRÁVY Klubu přátel Pardubicka (Club of Pardubice Patriots News). Articles written by Pavel Sviták and several other authors since the 1980s cover history of aviation in Pardubice.
- Pavel Sviták: První český letec inženýr Jan Kašpar a začátky českého letectví : příběh našeho prvního letce, jeho předchůdců, spolupracovníků a současníků s přihlédnutím k vývoji letectví ve světě (The first Czech pilot Jan Kašpar and the beginning of Czech aviation), 2003, East Bohemian Museum in Pardubice, ISBN 80-86046-65-6.