Parapithecoidea is an extinct superfamily of primates which lived in the Eocene and Oligocene periods in Egypt. In some classifications all parapithecoidea are placed within the family parapithecidae. Seiffert et al. (2010) propose that parapithecoidea arose during the Bartonian (middle Eocene), with a split between Biretia and the parapithecidae occurring early in the Priabonian (late Eocene).
The examinatrion of the dentistry of Arsinoea by Seiffert et al. led them to consider that arsinoea may or may not be a parapithecid, although certainly parapithecoidal, and suggest that Arsinoea kallimos be treated as 'incertae sedis' within parapithecoidea.