Paramilitary forces of Pakistan
This article's factual accuracy may be compromised due to out-of-date information. (September 2012)
|Paramilitary Forces of Pakistan|
|Service branches||Federal Paramilitary Forces
Gilgit Baltistan Scouts|
|Headquarters||Islamabad, Lahore, Karachi, Quetta, Peshawar and Gilgit|
- 1 Federal Paramilitaries
- 2 Provincial Paramilitary forces
- 3 Other territories
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
The federal paramilitary forces current strength is approximately 330,000 personnel, divided into two categories:
- The Civil Armed Forces (CAF) e.g. the Rangers and Frontier Corps, within the Interior Ministry;
- The reserves and second line military forces within the Defence Ministry e.g. the Maritime Security Agency.
In addition the provincial governments also control a number of specialised police forces.
|Executive Department||Service branch||Authority||Total active duty personnel|
|Defence||Defence Service Guard||Federal||N/A|
|Defence||Maritime Security Agency||Federal||2,500|
|Interior||Pakistan Coast Guard||Balochistan/Sindh/Federal||7,000|
|Defence & Interior||Pakistan Rangers||Punjab/Sindh/Federal||25,000|
|Interior||Frontier Corps||Balochistan/Khyber Pakhtunkhwa||60,000|
|Interior||Frontier Constabulary||Balochistan/Khyber Pakhtunkhwa||26,000|
|Interior||Gilgit Baltistan Scouts||Gilgit-Baltistan||2,481|
|Narcotics Control, Defence & Interior||Anti-Narcotics Force||Federal||3,100|
|Aviation Division||Airports Security Force||Federal||8,930|
Civil Armed Forces (CAF)Edit
CAF units are authorised by the Constitution of Pakistan with border security and internal security duties, but can be "regularised" i.e. attached to regular Army as necessary.
The CAF are paid for from the budget of the Ministry of Interior which also provides administrative support. However they are (with the exception of the Frontier Constabulary) commanded by officers on secondment from the Pakistan Army. They function under the operational control of army corps headquarters, not just in war time but whenever Article 245 of the Pakistani Constitution is invoked to provide 'military aid to civil power', for example in Karachi since 2015, and in Punjab since February 2017 .
The CAF are currently undergoing significant expansion of some (57) additional 'wings' approved for raising in the 2015-16 to deal with the challenging internal and border security environment and to provide security for the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), co-ordinated by a new 2-star command raised in September 2016, the Special Security Division.
Many CAF units were originally raised in the colonial era on the frontiers of the empire, and played a key role in the consolidation of control by building a link between the state and communities in strategically sensitive frontier areas through recruitment to government service. In many areas paramilitary units continue to play exactly the same historical role decades after independence.
- Pakistan Rangers: A generic phrase for two distinct organisations, the Punjab Rangers headquartered in Lahore and the Sindh Rangers in Karachi divided into battalion sized "wings" of approximately 800 men each. This force has a border security role on Punjab and Sindh provinces' the International Border with India, but also perform internal security duties (counter-insurgency, counter-gang, public order, etc.) under the operational control Pakistan Army corps commanders.
- Frontier Corps: The Frontier Corps, like the Rangers, is a generic phrase for two distinct organisations, the FC KP and FC Balochistan. FC KP before the current round of expansion consisted of 15 corps in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas and the Province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa with headquarters in Peshawar. FC Balochistan has 17 corps based in Balochistan with its HQ in Quetta. FC KP under the command of the Army's XI Corps has been in the forefront of COIN operations against the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan and various foreign jihadis since 2003: FC Balochistan under XII Corps has been conducting similar operations against Baloch separatists in the same timeframe.
- Frontier Constabulary: The Frontier Constabulary operates along the internal border between the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and KPK; unlike the Frontier Corps it is commanded by police officers.
- Gilgit Baltistan Scouts: Headquarters are in Gilgit. The Northern Light Infantry was converted in 1999 from a paramilitary force comparable to the Rangers and FC into one of the infantry regiments of the Pakistan Army in recognition of their performance and their heavy losses during the Kargil War in which they played a leading part on the ground. Subsequently, they have been replaced in the paramilitary 'Civil Armed Forces' role by the Scouts.
- Pakistan Coast Guards: The Coast Guards are charged and mandated with protecting the coastal areas of Balochistan and Sindh Province. It is largely a shore-based force with a particular focus on combatting smuggling. It is commanded by one-star rank brigadier and headquartered in Karachi, Sindh.
MoD Paramilitary ForcesEdit
- Pakistan National Guard: The National Guard, the military reserve of the Pakistan Army, comprises the Janbaz Force and locally recruited militia, the Mujahid Force, and are charged with air defence. Also included the dissolved National Cadet Corps and Women's Guard.
- Maritime Security Agency: The 2,500-strong Maritime Security Agency, headquartered in Karachi, is a coast guard and is responsible for patrolling Pakistan's territorial waters. The MSA is equipped with a former Pakistan Navy destroyer, two coastal patrol craft and four oceanic patrol craft. It too is seeing significant upgrades and expansion as a result of CPEC.
- Defence Service Guard: The DSG Corps provides static security to MoD and MoDP installations across Pakistan, including highly sensitive nuclear facilities. Its regimental centre is in Dera Ismail Khan. It was known from 1947 onwards as the MoD Constabulary until its renaming.
Note that the Northern Light Infantry and the Azad Kashmir Regiment were once considered paramilitary forces until their promotion into the Pakistan Army in 1999 and 1972 respectively.
Other Federal Paramilitary ForcesEdit
- Anti-Narcotics Force: ANF is a principal agency in Pakistan for combating supply and demand reduction of illicit narcotic drugs that enter Pakistan mainly through the long porous border with Afghanistan. The agency works under umbrella of Pakistan Army and Ministry of Narcotics Control. It also carries out Raids and Intelligence Based Operations IBOs against Narcotics, Illegal Arms Ammunition, Money Laundering and dangerous/inflammable Chemicals.
- Airport Security Force: Safeguarding and protecting airports in Pakistan. Formerly part of the Ministry of Defence but later transferred to the Cabinet Secretariat Aviation Division
Provincial Paramilitary forcesEdit
The police forces of the Provinces of Pakistan maintain paramilitary arms which act as a mobile armed reserve. They are not usually in contact with the public except during public events, civil unrest, and natural disasters. They maintain key guard posts and participate in antiterrorist operations. Depending on the type of assignment, they may be or may not be carrying firearms.
- Balochistan Police - a 38,000-strong urban police force with jurisdiction in 8 out of 30 districts of Balochistan.
- Balochistan Levies, a 23,000-strong law enforcement and security agency, and has jurisdiction in 22 out of 30 districts of Balochistan.
- Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police
- Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police Rapid Response Force
- Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police Reserve Frontier Police, a 10,000 man force operating in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 
- Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police Elite force is a specialized unit of 6,000 high risk security operations and counter terrorism.
- Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police Special Combat Unit (SCU) - a large province wide tactical police unit
- Levies are raised by local officials for local tasks, typically for local order and security, i.e. Dir, Mohmand, and Khyber Agencies.
- Khasadar Forces located throughout the former Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), are locally recruited and maintained tribal security force, paid for through a stipend provided to the tribe by the Pakistan government. 40,000 Khasadar serve seven former tribal agencies and six frontier regions.
Note that the Levies and Khasadar will now fall under the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police.
- Punjab Police
- Punjab Police Dolphin Force - a motorcycle based mobile patrol force
- Punjab Police Elite Police is the highly trained tactical that assists district police with high-risk operations
- Punjab Police Special Protection Unit (SPU) 3,829 men providing security for foreigners working on national important projects within Punjab
- Sindh Police
- Sindh Police Sindh Reserve Police
- Sindh Police Special Security Unit
- Sindh Police Rapid Response Force
Gilgit-Baltistan is the currently independent northernmost portion of the Pakistan which maintains the Gilgit-Baltistan Police and is home to the Gilgit-Baltistan Scouts.
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