Parallel Lines is the third studio album by American rock band Blondie. It was released on September 23, 1978, by Chrysalis Records to international commercial success. The album reached No. 1 in the United Kingdom in February 1979 and proved to be the band's commercial breakthrough in the United States, where it reached No. 6 in April 1979. In Billboard magazine, Parallel Lines was listed at No. 9 in the top pop albums year-end chart of 1979. As of 2008, the album had sold over 20 million copies worldwide. The album spawned several successful singles, notably the international hit "Heart of Glass".
|Studio album by|
|Released||September 23, 1978|
|Studio||Record Plant, New York City|
|Singles from Parallel Lines|
In February 1978, Blondie released their second studio album Plastic Letters. It was their last album produced by Richard Gottehrer, whose sound had formed the basis of Blondie's new wave and punk output. During a tour of the west coast of the US in support of Plastic Letters, Blondie encountered Australian producer Mike Chapman in California. Peter Leeds, Blondie's manager, conspired with Chrysalis Records to encourage Chapman to work with Blondie on new music. Drummer Clem Burke recalls feeling enthusiastic about the proposition, believing Chapman could create innovative and eclectic records. However, lead vocalist Debbie Harry was far less enthusiastic about Chapman's involvement as she knew him only by reputation; according to Chapman, her animosity towards him was because "they were New York. [He] was L.A.". Harry's cautiousness abated after she played Chapman early cuts of "Heart of Glass" and "Sunday Girl" and he was impressed.
In June 1978 the band entered the Record Plant in New York to record their third album, and first with Chapman. However, Chapman found the band difficult to work with, remembering them as the worst band he ever worked with in terms of musical ability, although praising Frank Infante as "an amazing guitarist". Sessions with Chris Stein were hampered by his being stoned during recording, and Chapman encouraged him to write songs rather than play guitar. Similarly, according to Chapman, Jimmy Destri would prove himself to be far better at songwriting than as a keyboardist and Clem Burke had poor timing playing drums. As a result, Chapman spent time improving the band, especially Stein with whom Chapman spent hours rerecording his parts to ensure they were right. Bassist Nigel Harrison became so frustrated with Chapman's drive for perfectionism that he threw a synthesizer at him during recording. Chapman recalls the atmosphere at the Record Plant in an interview for Sound on Sound:
The Blondies were tough in the studio, real tough. None of them liked each other, except Chris and Debbie, and there was so much animosity. They were really, really juvenile in their approach to life—a classic New York underground rock band—and they didn't give a fuck about anything. They just wanted to have fun and didn't want to work too hard getting it.
Chapman took an unorthodox approach when recording with Harry whom he describes as "a great singer and a great vocal stylist, with a beautifully identifiable voice. However ... also very moody". Chapman was far more cautious of demanding much from Harry as he saw her as a highly emotional person who would vest these emotions in the songs they made. He remembers Harry disappearing into the bathroom in tears for several hours at a time during recording. During a day of recording, Harry sang two lead parts and some harmonies, less work than she did previously with Gottehrer. This was due to Chapman encouraging her to be cautious about the way she sang, particularly to recognise phrasing, timing and attitude.
Blondie recorded Parallel Lines in six weeks, despite being given six months by Terry Ellis, co-founder of Chrysalis Records, to do so. A traditional set-up was used and Chapman fitted Neumann microphones to the toms, snare and hi-hat, as well as several above the site. When recording, Chapman would start with the basic track, which was difficult to record at the time by way of "pencil erasing". Chapman explained in an interview for Sound on Sound, "that meant using a pencil to hold the tape away from the head and erasing up to the kick drum. If a bass part was ahead of the kick, you could erase it so that it sounded like it was on top of the kick. That's very easy to do these days, but back then it was quite a procedure just to get the bottom end sounding nice and tight." A DI/amp method was used to record Harrison's bass and Destri's synthesizer, while Shure SM57 and AKG 414 microphones were used to capture Infante's Les Paul guitar. King Crimson guitarist Robert Fripp makes a guest appearance on his main instrument on "Fade Away and Radiate".
After the basic track was complete, Chapman would record lead and backing vocals with Harry. However, this process was hampered by many songs not being written in time for the vocals to be recorded. "Sunday Girl", "Picture This" and "One Way Or Another" were all unfinished during the rehearsal sessions. When recording vocal parts, Chapman remembers asking Harry if she was ready to sing, only for her to reply "Yeah, just a minute" as she was still writing lyrics down. Chapman notes that many "classic" songs from the album were created this way.
During the last session at the Record Plant, the band were asleep on the floor only to be awakened at six o'clock in the morning by Mike Chapman and his engineer Peter Coleman leaving for Los Angeles with the tape tracks. Despite Blondie's belief that Parallel Lines would resonate with a wider audience, Chrysalis Records was not as enthusiastic and label executives told them to start again, only to be dissuaded by Chapman's assurance that its singles would prove popular.
Music and lyricsEdit
According to music journalist Robert Christgau, Parallel Lines was a pop rock album in which Blondie achieved their "synthesis of the Dixie Cups and the Electric Prunes". Its style of "state-of-the-art pop/rock circa 1978", as AllMusic's William Ruhlmann described it, showed Blondie deviating from new wave and emerging as "a pure pop band." Ken Tucker believed the band had eschewed the "brooding artiness" of their previous albums for more hooks and pop-oriented songs. Chapman later said, "I didn't make a punk album or a New Wave album with Blondie. I made a pop album." The album's eleven pop songs have refined melodics, and its sole disco song, "Heart of Glass", features jittery keyboards, rustling cymbals by drummer Clem Burke, and a circular rhythm. Burke credited Kraftwerk and the soundtrack to the film Saturday Night Fever as influences for the song and said that he was "trying to get that groove that the drummer for the Bee Gees had".
Lyrically, Parallel Lines abandoned what Rolling Stone magazine's Arion Berger called the "cartoonish postmodernist referencing" of Blondie's previous new wave songs in favor of a "romantic fatalism" that was new for the band. "Sunday Girl" deals with the theme of teen loneliness, while "Fade Away and Radiate" is about falling in love with dead movie stars. On the latter song, Debbie Harry, who daydreamed as a child that Marilyn Monroe was her birth mother, compares a flickering image onscreen to the light of a dying sun. Music critic Rob Sheffield said that the lyric "dusty frames that still arrive / die in 1955" is the "best lyric in any rock'n'roll song, ever, and it's still the ultimate statement of a band that always found some pleasure worth exploiting in the flashy and the temporary."
Title and packagingEdit
Parallel Lines took its name from an unused track written by Harry, the lyrics of which were included in the first vinyl edition of the album. The cover sleeve image was photographed by Edo Bertoglio and was chosen by Blondie's manager, Peter Leeds, despite being rejected by the band. The photo shows the band posing in matching dress suits and smiling broadly in contrast to Harry who poses defiantly with her hands on her hips while wearing a white dress and high heels. According to music journalist Tim Peacock, the cover became "iconic – and instantly recognisable".
Release and promotionEdit
The album was released by Chrysalis on September 23, 1978, to international success. In the United Kingdom, it reached the top of the albums chart with the help of "Picture This" and "Hanging on the Telephone", which had been released as singles and charted in the top-20 of the singles chart there. Blondie embarked on a sold-out tour of the UK and appeared at an autograph signing event for Our Price Records on Kensington High Street; according to Peacock, it "descended into Beatlemania-esque chaos when the band were mobbed by thousands of fans". In January 1979, they achieved their first British number-one hit when "Heart of Glass" was released as the next single.
Parallel Lines was also a commercial success elsewhere in Europe, Australia, and the United States, where the band had struggled to sell their previous records. "Heart of Glass" became their first number-one hit on the American Billboard Hot 100, with help from a promotional video directed by Stanley Dorfman depicting Blondie in a performance of the song at a fashionable nightclub in New York. The single was "responsible for turning the band into bona fide superstars", Peacock said. Since then, the album has sold more than 20 million copies worldwide.
|Retrospective professional ratings|
|Christgau's Record Guide||A|
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
|Spin Alternative Record Guide||10/10|
Contemporary reviews of the album were near-universally positive. Writing in The Village Voice in 1978, Christgau said although Blondie still could not write a perfect hit single, the record was a consistent improvement over Plastic Letters. Years later, he wrote in Blender that it was "a perfect album in 1978" and remained so with "every song memorable, distinct, well-shaped and over before you get antsy. Never again did singer Deborah Harry, mastermind Chris Stein and their able four-man cohort nail the band's signature paradoxes with such unfailing flair: lowbrow class, tender sarcasm, pop rock." Darryl Easlea from BBC, who felt the record combined power pop and new wave styles, credited Mike Chapman's production and flair for pop songwriting for helping make Parallel Lines an extremely popular album in the United Kingdom, where it was a number-one hit and charted for 106 weeks during the late 1970s. Q magazine called the album "a crossover smash with sparkling guitar sounds, terrific hooks and middle-eights more memorable than some groups' choruses."
In a retrospective appraisal of 1970s post-punk albums, Spin magazine's Sasha Frere-Jones said Parallel Lines may have been "the perfect pop-rock record" and Blondie's best album. Christian John Wikane from PopMatters later called it "a creative and commercial masterpiece by Blondie ... indisputably one of the great, classic albums of the rock and roll era." In the opinion of Pitchfork critic Scott Plagenhoef, the album popularized "the look and sound of 1980s new wave" with classic songs that showcased the depth and complexity of Harry's sexuality and singing. Sal Cinquemani from Slant Magazine was also impressed by her singing, which he felt varied from "purring like a kitten and then building to a mean growl", and cited "Heart of Glass" as the album's best track because of her "honey-dipped vocal".
Parallel Lines was ranked at number 140 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time, number 18 and 45 on NME's 100 Best Albums of All Time and 500 Greatest Albums of All Time respectively, and number 7 on Blender's 100 Greatest American Albums of All Time. Rolling Stone wrote that the album was "where punk and New Wave broke through to a mass U.S. audience". The album was also ranked at number 94 by Channel 4's list of 100 greatest albums of all time. Parallel Lines was ranked the 76th best album of the 1970s by Pitchfork.
The album was reissued and remastered in 2001 along with Blondie's back catalog and featured four bonus tracks: a 1978 demo of "Heart of Glass", live cover of T. Rex's song "Bang a Gong (Get It On)" and two live tracks taken from Picture This Live live album.
On June 24, 2008, an expanded 30th Anniversary Edition of the album was released, which featured new artwork and bonus tracks along with bonus DVD. The liner notes once again featured lyrics to the unfinished "Parallel Lines" song. The Parallel Lines 30th Anniversary Edition included the 7" single version of "Heart of Glass", which was featured on the original pressing of the album, the French version of "Sunday Girl" and some remixes, plus a DVD with albums, promo videos and TV performance.
|1.||"Hanging on the Telephone" (The Nerves cover)||Jack Lee||2:17|
|2.||"One Way or Another"||Deborah Harry, Nigel Harrison||3:31|
|3.||"Picture This"||Harry, Chris Stein, Jimmy Destri||2:53|
|4.||"Fade Away and Radiate"||Stein||3:57|
|5.||"Pretty Baby"||Harry, Stein||3:16|
|6.||"I Know but I Don't Know"||Frank Infante||3:53|
|8.||"Will Anything Happen?"||Jack Lee||2:55|
|10.||"Heart of Glass"||Harry, Stein||3:54|
|11.||"I'm Gonna Love You Too" (Buddy Holly cover)||Joe B. Mauldin, Niki Sullivan, Norman Petty||2:03|
|12.||"Just Go Away"||Harry||3:21|
|2001 remastered reissue bonus tracks|
|13.||"Once I Had a Love (aka The Disco Song) (1978 version)"||Harry, Stein||3:18|
|14.||"Bang a Gong (Get It On) (Live)" (Recorded live 11/04/78 at The Paradise in Boston, MA)||Marc Bolan||5:30|
|15.||"I Know but I Don't Know (Live)" (Recorded live 11/06/78 at the Walnut Theatre in Philadelphia, PA)||Infante||4:35|
|16.||"Hanging on the Telephone (Live)" (Recorded live 1980 in Dallas, TX)||Lee||2:21|
|2008 deluxe collector's edition bonus tracks|
|13.||"Heart of Glass (7" Single Version)"||4:10|
|14.||"Sunday Girl (French Version)" (from "Sunday Girl" 12" single)||3:04|
|15.||"Hanging on the Telephone (Nosebleed Handbag Remix)" (from Beautiful: The Remix Album)||6:14|
|16.||"Fade Away and Radiate (108 BPM Remix)" (from Beautiful: The Remix Album)||5:16|
|2008 deluxe collector's edition bonus DVD|
|1.||"Heart of Glass"|
|2.||"Hanging on the Telephone"|
|4.||"Sunday Girl (Live on Top of the Pops)"|
|2010 Mail on Sunday promo bonus tracks|
|13.||"What I Heard"||Matt Katz-Bohen / Laurel Katz-Bohen||3:15|
|14.||"Girlie Girlie" (Sophia George cover)||Anthony Davis / Lloyd Douglas / Steve Golding||3:25|
- The album version of "Heart of Glass" was replaced with the disco version (5:50 long) on pressings of the album from March 1979 onward. The original length version of "Heart of Glass" appeared on the original US CD release in 1985 (Chrysalis VK 41192, later F2 21192) although the CD artwork proclaimed it was the disco version. Later editions of the Capitol disc had the mistake removed from the inlay but it remained on the disc until its deletion. The 1994 DCC Compact Classics Gold CD release (Capitol Special Markets USA GSZ 1062) features the original version with the disco version as a bonus track.
- A promotional CD of the album was given away free with the British newspaper The Mail on Sunday on December 5, 2010, including the bonus tracks "What I Heard" and "Girlie Girlie" from the band's 2011 album Panic of Girls.
- Deborah Harry – vocals
- Chris Stein – guitar, 12-string guitar, E-bow
- Clem Burke – drums
- Jimmy Destri – electronic keyboards
- Nigel Harrison – bass guitar
- Frank Infante – guitar
- Mike Chapman – production
- Pete Coleman – engineering and assisting production
- Frank Duarte – illustration
- Kevin Flaherty – 2001 reissue production
- Robert Fripp – guitar (track four)
- Edo Bertoglio – photography
- Maripol - Stylist
- Steve Hall – mastering
- Peter C. Leeds – management
- Ramey Communications – art direction and design
- Jerry Rodriguez – lettering
- Grey Russell – assistant engineer
|UK Official Physical Albums (OCC)||33|
|UK Official Vinyl Albums (OCC)||4|
|Scottish Albums (OCC)||29|
|"I'm Gonna Love You Too"||—||—||—||—||3||—||—||—||6||—||—||—||—||—|
|"Hanging on the Telephone"||—||—||39||—||19||—||—||16||20||43||—||—||—||5||
|1979||"Heart of Glass"||1||58||1||1||5||1||1||2||8||1||5||3||1||1|
|"One Way or Another"||24||—||—||—||—||7||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||98†|
† "One Way Or Another" was not released as a single in the United Kingdom, but charted on download sales alone in 2013.
|Canada (Music Canada)||4× Platinum||400,000^|
|France (SNEP)||193,900 *|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Platinum||300,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||Platinum||1,000,000^|
*sales figures based on certification alone
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