Paralimni (Greek: Παραλίμνι) is a town within the Famagusta District of Cyprus, situated on the island's east coast. Since the Turkish invasion in 1974, it has increased in size and status, primarily due to the migration of refugees fleeing from the north. Many workers in the tourist sectors of Protaras and Ayia Napa live in Paralimni, which is now the temporary administrative centre of the Famagusta District and the biggest municipality of the district under the control of the internationally recognised Republic of Cyprus.

Paralimni
Town
Paralimni's Protaras resort in July 2011
Paralimni's Protaras resort in July 2011
Paralimni is located in Cyprus
Paralimni
Paralimni
Location in Cyprus
Coordinates: 35°2′0″N 33°59′0″E / 35.03333°N 33.98333°E / 35.03333; 33.98333Coordinates: 35°2′0″N 33°59′0″E / 35.03333°N 33.98333°E / 35.03333; 33.98333
Country Cyprus
DistrictFamagusta District
Government
 • MayorTheodoros Pyrillis
Population
 (2011[1])
 • Total40,000
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
5280-5297
Websitewww.paralimni.org.cy

HistoryEdit

The word Paralimni is Greek and means "by the lake". Historically, the town was built on the shores of a shallow lake which filled with water only in the winter. At the beginning of the 20th century, the whole lakebed was reclaimed for agricultural purposes. Paralimni has not always been where it is now, and was built originally on a hill situated between Deryneia and its present location. In the 15th century, it was moved inland to avoid detection by pirates. It is said that the first people to settle in Paralimni arrived just after the capture of the nearby town of Famagusta by the Ottoman Turks in 1571. The first settlement was called Saint Demetrius, and this place still bears his name today.

In 1986, after a referendum, the area was declared a municipality with the name "Paralimni". In May 1986, the first elections were held for the office of mayor and municipal council; Nikos Vlittis was elected the first mayor, and served from 1986 to 2006. In December 2006, Vlittis lost the election to Andreas Evaggelou, who served as mayor until 2011. The town is a stronghold for the Democratic Rally, a centre-right party whose member and former leader Nicos Anastasiades is the current president of Cyprus.[citation needed] Architecturally, Paralimni has been nondescript, as very little remains of the original village. Outside of the town centre, most houses are little more than small rectangular blocks; this is compensated for by their attractive gardens, especially when the trees are in bloom. Younger generations who earn higher salaries have been spending larger amounts of money on the construction of more modern and attractive houses in the town.

At the heart of Paralimni lies a shopping centre and a small entertainment scene, including modern cafes and bars. Because Paralimni has rapidly grown in size, Cyprus' biggest food retailers such as Carrefour have built or rented branches there. There are also many local supermarkets. The countryside surrounding Paralimni has red soil rich in zinc, which is famous for producing highly nutritious and flavourful potatoes. It is also known for its picturesque windmills, which are used to draw water from underground aquifers to irrigate the surrounding land. Many of these windmills are now derelict, having been replaced by electric or diesel-powered pumps. Before the rise of tourism, the rich agricultural land surrounding Paralimni was the source of its wealth, and is still of great importance today.

SportsEdit

Enosis Neon Paralimni FC, which plays in the Cypriot First Division, is the football team of the town. There is also a Conference team in Paralimni called Anorthosis Paralimniou.

ProtarasEdit

Protaras (Greek: Πρωταράς; Turkish: Protaras) is a predominantly tourist resort which comes under the administrative jurisdiction of Paralimni Municipality.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Paralimni
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 16.0
(60.8)
16.1
(61.0)
18.7
(65.7)
22.2
(72.0)
26.8
(80.2)
30.8
(87.4)
33.1
(91.6)
33.3
(91.9)
31.2
(88.2)
27.7
(81.9)
21.7
(71.1)
17.3
(63.1)
24.6
(76.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.3
(54.1)
12.0
(53.6)
14.2
(57.6)
17.4
(63.3)
21.8
(71.2)
25.7
(78.3)
28.2
(82.8)
28.5
(83.3)
26.1
(79.0)
22.8
(73.0)
17.6
(63.7)
13.7
(56.7)
20.0
(68.0)
Average low °C (°F) 8.6
(47.5)
7.9
(46.2)
9.7
(49.5)
12.5
(54.5)
16.8
(62.2)
20.6
(69.1)
23.4
(74.1)
23.7
(74.7)
20.9
(69.6)
18.0
(64.4)
13.4
(56.1)
10.1
(50.2)
15.5
(59.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 70.0
(2.76)
62.0
(2.44)
35.0
(1.38)
15.0
(0.59)
7.50
(0.30)
2.50
(0.10)
0.50
(0.02)
0.30
(0.01)
1.20
(0.05)
25.0
(0.98)
45.0
(1.77)
87.0
(3.43)
351.0
(13.82)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 8.2 5.6 4.7 3.5 1.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.6 2.5 4.9 7.3 38.9
Source: Meteorological Service (Cyprus)[2]

EcologyEdit

Paralimni's lake is home to the harmless Cyprus grass snake, which was declared extinct in the 1960s until being rediscovered in 1994.[3] As a result, the lake was designated a Site of Community Interest (SCI).

Notable residentsEdit

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Statistical Service of the Republic of Cyprus
  2. ^ "Meteorological Service - Climatological and Meteorological Reports".
  3. ^ Böhme, Wolfgang; Wiedl, Hansjoerg, 1994. Status and zoogeography of the herpetofauna of Cyprus, with taxonomic and natural history notes on selected species (genera Rana, Coluber, Natrix, Vipera)."Zoology in the Middle East" 10:31-52
  4. ^ "Women Singers in Global Contexts: Chapter 5 - Kyriakou Pelagia: The Housewife/ Grandmother-Star of Cyprus". womensingers.projects.music.ucsb.edu. Retrieved 2022-02-16.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Paralimni at Wikimedia Commons