Parag Agrawal

Parag Agrawal (Hindi pronunciation: [pəˈɾäːɡ əɡɾᵊˈʋäːl̪]; born 21 May 1984)[2] is an Indian-American software engineer and businessman who was the CEO of Twitter, Inc. from November 2021 to October 2022. He was fired, along with three other top executives, on October 27, 2022, following Elon Musk’s purchase of the company.[3][4][5]

Parag Agrawal
Parag Agrawal in 2005.jpg
Agrawal in 2005
Born (1984-05-21) May 21, 1984 (age 38)
Ajmer, India
EducationIndian Institute of Technology, Bombay (BTech)
Stanford University (MS, PhD)
Known forFormer CEO, Twitter, Inc.
PredecessorJack Dorsey
SuccessorElon Musk[1]
SpouseVineeta Agarwala
Scientific career
ThesisIncorporating Uncertainty in Data Management and Integration (2012)
Doctoral advisorJennifer Widom

Early life and education

Agrawal was born in Ajmer, Rajasthan.[6][7] His father was a senior official in the Indian Department of Atomic Energy and his mother is a retired Economics professor from Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute in Mumbai.[8]

In 2001, he completed his final year of higher secondary education at Atomic Energy Junior College, Mumbai.[9] In the same year, he secured a gold medal in the International Physics Olympiad held in Antalya, Turkey.[10][11]

In 2005, Agrawal obtained his Bachelor of Technology degree in computer science and engineering from IIT Bombay.[12] That year, he moved to the United States to pursue a PhD in computer science at Stanford University under the guidance of Jennifer Widom.[13][14][15] His Stanford doctoral thesis, published in 2012, is titled "Incorporating Uncertainty in Data Management and Integration".[16][17]


Agrawal held research internships at Microsoft Research and Yahoo! Research before joining Twitter as a software engineer in 2011.[18] In October 2017, Twitter announced the appointment of Agrawal as chief technology officer following the departure of Adam Messinger.[19] In December 2019, Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey announced that Agrawal would be in charge of Project Bluesky, an initiative to develop a decentralized social network protocol.[20]

On November 29, 2021, Dorsey announced that he was resigning as CEO of Twitter and that Agrawal was replacing him immediately.[21][22][23] As CEO, Agrawal was awarded annual compensation of $1 million as well as stock compensation worth $12.5 million.[13] Agrawal was fired as CEO once Elon Musk completed his acquisition of the company on October 27, 2022.[4][24]

Views and policies

In an interview with MIT Technology Review in November 2020, when asked about freedom of speech regarding Twitter, Agrawal said: "Our role is not to be bound by the First Amendment, but our role is to serve a healthy public conversation ... [and to] focus less on thinking about free speech, but thinking about how the times have changed."[25]

Personal life

Agrawal is married to Vineeta Agarwala,[13][26] general partner at the venture capital firm Andreessen Horowitz.[27] They have two children, born in 2018 and 2022. He took paternity leave as the CEO of Twitter for the birth of his second child.[28]


  1. ^ "Elon Musk officially becomes Twitter CEO and dissolves board of directors". Euronews. November 1, 2022.
  2. ^ "Parag Agrawal: Ajmer Celebrates a Son 'More Powerful than PMs, Presidents'". The Times of India. November 30, 2021.
  3. ^ Conger, Kate; Hirsch, Lauren (October 27, 2022). "Elon Musk Completes $44 Billion Deal to Own Twitter". The New York Times. Retrieved October 30, 2022.
  4. ^ a b Dang, Sheila; Roumeliotis, Greg (October 27, 2022). "Musk starts his Twitter ownership with firings, declares the 'bird is freed'". Reuters. Retrieved October 28, 2022.
  5. ^ Thomas, Lauren (October 27, 2022). "Elon Musk Completes Twitter Takeover". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 27, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ "अजमेर के रहने वाले हैं ट्विटर के नए CEO:किराए पर रहता था परिवार, 4 दिसंबर को घर आएंगे पराग के मम्मी-पापा" [The new CEO of Twitter is from Ajmer:The family used to live on rent, Parag's parents will come home on 4 December]. Dainik Bhaskar (in Hindi). November 30, 2021.
  7. ^ Isaac, Mike; Conger, Kate; Met, Cade (November 29, 2021). "Who Is Parag Agrawal, Twitter's New C.E.O.?". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331.
  8. ^ "THIS is why Twitter's new CEO Parag Agrawal kept his son's name Ansh". MSN. February 12, 2021.
  9. ^ "Twitter CEO Parag Agrawal's teachers call him 'typical topper' with special calibre". The Indian Express. December 2, 2021. Retrieved April 20, 2022.
  10. ^ Damle, Manjiri (August 13, 2001). "Indians bag 5 medals at physics Olympiad". The Times of India. Retrieved October 28, 2022.
  11. ^ "IPhO: India - Individual Results". Retrieved October 28, 2022.
  12. ^ "Bright Student, Well Organized: How Teachers Remember IIT Bombay Alumnus, Twitter CEO Parag Agarwal". News18. November 30, 2021.
  13. ^ a b c "Parag Agrawal becomes Twitter CEO: Who is Parag Agrawal? Here is a brief profile of this IITian in 5 points". India Today. November 29, 2021.
  14. ^ Rajghatta, Chidanand (November 30, 2021). "IIT-Bombay alumnus Parag Agrawal is Twitter CEO after Dorsey exit". The Times of India.
  15. ^ Chhapia, Hemali; Doval, Pankaj (November 30, 2021). "When Parag Agrawal regretted wasting time tying IIT-JEE supplements". The Times of India.
  16. ^ Agrawal, Parag (2012). "Incorporating Uncertainty in Data Management and Integration". Stanford University.
  17. ^ Spangler, Todd (November 29, 2021). "Who Is Parag Agrawal? A Look at Twitter's New CEO". Variety.
  18. ^ Novet, Jordan (March 9, 2018). "Twitter taps distinguished engineer Parag Agrawal as new CTO". CNBC.
  19. ^ "Things To Know About New Twitter CEO, Parag Agrawal, From IIT Bombay". News18. November 30, 2021.
  20. ^ Mathews, Eva (November 30, 2021). "Who is Parag Agrawal, Twitter's new CEO?". The Times of India. Reuters.
  21. ^ Huddleston Jr., Tom (November 30, 2021). "Twitter's new 37-year-old CEO went from Twitter engineer to CEO in just 10 years". CNBC. Retrieved October 28, 2022.
  22. ^ Molina, Brett (November 29, 2021). "Jack Dorsey steps down as Twitter CEO, Parag Agrawal named as successor, sends stock surging". USA Today.
  23. ^ Feiner, Lauren; Bursztynsky, Jessica (November 29, 2021). "Twitter CTO Parag Agrawal will replace Jack Dorsey as CEO". CNBC.
  24. ^ Vanian, Jonathan. "Elon Musk now in charge of Twitter, CEO and CFO have left, sources say". CNBC. Retrieved October 28, 2022.
  25. ^ "EmTech Stage: Twitter's CTO on misinformation". MIT Technology Review. November 18, 2020.
  26. ^ "Vineeta Agarwala (@vintweeta) / Twitter".
  27. ^ Akhtar, Allana (November 29, 2021). "Meet Twitter's new CEO: a 37-year-old machine learning and AI expert". Business Insider.
  28. ^ "Parag Agrawal has a Twitter-pro family: 3-yr-old son's reading habits, adventure-loving wife's tales on his feed". The Times of India. November 30, 2021.

External links