Parța Neolithic Sanctuary

Parța Neolithic Sanctuary refers to an excavated Neolithic cult-centre or shrine located on the right bank of the Timiș River at Parța, south of Timișoara, in Romania.

Parța Neolithic Sanctuary
Parța Neolithic Sanctuary is located in Romania
Parța Neolithic Sanctuary
Shown within Romania
Coordinates45°37′25″N 21°06′50″E / 45.62361°N 21.113889°E / 45.62361; 21.113889


The sanctuary has been dated to around 5000 BC and is considered part of the Vinča culture.[1] It is part of a wider complex of buildings and domestic settlement.[2] The sanctuary building had raised altar-like pedestals and life-size figurine heads together with specially built granary areas.[3] Statues consisted of large clay humanoid figures.[4] A life-sized sculpture of a double-headed goddess stood near the entrance.[1] One of the smaller humanoid figures has horns.[5] The finds strongly suggest a local bull-cult, as bull's horns are present everywhere in the sanctuary,[5] and cattle skulls were placed on a clay platform.[4]

Finds from the excavations, together with a reconstruction of the sanctuary, can be found in the Museum of Banat in Timișoara.[2]


  1. ^ a b Gimbutas, Marija; Robbins Dexter, Miriam (2001). The Living Goddesses. University of California Press. p. 76. ISBN 0520229150.
  2. ^ a b Gimbutas, Marija (2007). The Goddesses and Gods of Old Europe, 6500-3500 B.C.: Myths and Cult Images. University of California Press. p. 250. ISBN 0520253981.
  3. ^ Jones, Andrew (2008). Prehistoric Europe: Theory and Practice. Wiley & Sons. p. 132. ISBN 1405125977.
  4. ^ a b Russell, Nerissa (2011). Social Zooarchaeology: Humans and Animals in Prehistory. Cambridge University Press. p. 344. ISBN 1139504347.
  5. ^ a b Drașovean, Florian; Popovici, Dragomir; Wullschleger, Manuela (2008). Neolithic art in Romania. Historisches Museum Olten. p. 39.