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Papyrus 77 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), designated by 77, is a papyrus manuscript of the Gospel of Matthew verses 23:30-39. It is written in Greek and has palaeographically been assigned a date anywhere from the middle 2nd century to the early 3rd century.[1]

Papyrus 77
New Testament manuscript
P077-Mat-23 30-34-POxy4405-II-III.jpg
NameP. Oxy. 2683 and 4405
TextMatthew 23 †
Date2nd/3rd century
Now atSackler Library
CiteL. Ingrams, P. Kingston, P. Parsons, and J. Rea, OP XXXIV (1968), pp. 4-6.
Size4.6 cm x 7 cm
TypeAlexandrian text-type

According to Comfort together with Papyrus 103 probably belongs to the same codex.[2]


The Greek text of this codex is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type. Aland ascribed it as a “at least normal text”, and placed it in Category I.[3]77 has the closest affinity with Codex Sinaiticus.[2]

Present location

It is currently housed at the Sackler Library (P. Oxy. 2683) in Oxford.[3][4]

Textual VariantsEdit

  • 23:30: Rearranges the words αυτων κοινωνοι (their partners) to κοινωνοι αυτων ('partners of them').
  • 23:37: Has variant spelling ορνιξ for ορνις (hen).
  • 23:37: Originally omitted και from the text. Scribe added it later superlinearly between πτερυγας and ουκ.
  • 23:38: According to the transcription from the University of Münster Institute for New Testament Textual Research, the scribe omitted ερημος (desolate).[5] According to the transcription of Philip Comfort and David Barrett however, the scribe included it.[6]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Philip Comfort and David Barrett, Text of the Earliest NT Greek Manuscripts pp 609
  2. ^ a b Philip W. Comfort, Encountering the Manuscripts. An Introduction to New Testament Paleography & Textual Criticism, Nashville, Tennessee: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 2005, p. 73.
  3. ^ a b Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 100. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  4. ^ "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 27 August 2011.
  5. ^ Institute for New Testament Textual Research
  6. ^ Philip Comfort and David Barrett, Text of the Earliest NT Greek Manuscripts, pp. 611

Further readingEdit

  • L. Ingrams, P. Kingston, Peter Parsons, and John Rea, Oxyrhynchus Papyri, XXXIV (London: 1968), pp. 4–6.
  • Comfort, Philip W.; David P. Barrett (2001). The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts. Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers. pp. 609–611. ISBN 978-0-8423-5265-9.