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Papyrus 22 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), designated by 22, is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the Gospel of John, only containing extant John 15:25-16:2, 21-32. The manuscript has been paleographically assigned to the early 3rd century.[1] It is the only identified New Testament papyrus to have been written originally as a roll; not a codex or re-using the back of a scroll .

Papyrus 22
New Testament manuscript
Papyrus 22 - Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 1228 - Glasgow University Library, MS Gen 1026-13 - Gospel of John 15,25–16,2.21–32.jpg
NameP. Oxy. 1228
TextJohn 15-16 †
Date3rd century
Now atGlasgow University Library
CiteB. P. Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, Oxyrynchus Papyri’' X, (London 1914), pp. 14-16
Size18.5 x 5 cm
TypeAlexandrian text-type
Grenfell and Hunt
Bernard Grenfell Arthur Hunt


The text was written in two consecutive columns on a roll. The reverse side is blank.[2]
The manuscript employs conventional Nomina Sacra: ΠΣ ΠΝΑ ΠΡΣ ΠΡΑ ΙΗΣ ΑΝΟΣ.
The text contains no punctuation marks.[3]

The Greek text of this codex is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type (rather proto-Alexandrian). Aland described it as a normal text and placed it in Category I.[1] This manuscript displays an independent text.[2] Coincidences with the Codex Sinaiticus are frequent, but divergences are noticeable.[3] There are no singular readings.[4] According to Schofield the fragment rather represents the eclecticism of the early papyri before the crystallizing of the textual families had taken place.[2]

It is currently housed at the Glasgow University Library (MS Gen 1026) in Glasgow.[1][5]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 97. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  2. ^ a b c Comfort, Philip W.; David P. Barrett (2001). The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts. Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers. p. 109. ISBN 978-0-8423-5265-9.
  3. ^ a b B. P. Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, Oxyrynchus Papyri X, (London 1914), p. 14.
  4. ^ Peter M. Head, The Habits of New Testament Copyists Singular Readings in the Early Fragmentary Papyri of John, Biblica 85 (2004), 406.
  5. ^ "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 23 August 2011.

Further readingEdit

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