Papyrus 20 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), designated by 20, is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the Epistle of James, but it only contains Chapter 2:19-3:9. The manuscript has been paleographically assigned to the early 3rd century.
|New Testament manuscript|
Epistle of James 3:3–3:9 on verso side
|Name||P. Oxy. 1171|
|Text||Epistle of James 2-3 †|
|Now at||Princeton University Library|
|Cite||B. P. Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, Oxyrhynchus Papyri IX, (London 1912), pp. 9-11|
|Size||11.5 by 4.5 cm|
The original size of the leaves was 17 by 12 cm.
The Greek text of this codex is representative of the Alexandrian text-type (rather proto-Alexandrian). Aland placed it in Category I. This manuscript shows the greatest agreement with Codex Sinaiticus and Vaticanus, but not with codices Ephraemi, Regius and other late Alexandrian manuscripts.
Philip Comfort has conjectured that the scribe who wrote 20 was also the same scribe who wrote 27, where the Greek letters α, β, δ, ε, λ, ι, μ, ν, ο, π, ρ, σ, ψ, υ, φ, ω are formed identically in both manuscripts.
- Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 97. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
- B. P. Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, Oxyrhynchus Papyri IX, (London 1912), p. 9.
- Comfort, Philip W.; David P. Barrett (2001). The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts. Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers. p. 106. ISBN 978-0-8423-5265-9.
- "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Papyrus 20.|
- Robert B. Waltz. NT Manuscripts: Papyri, 20 Encyclopedia of Textual Criticism
- Images of the 20 at the Princeton University Library Papyrus
- P. Oxy. 1171 at the Oxyrhynchus Online
- GA Papyrus 20. Center for the Study of New Testament Manuscripts