Papyrus 20 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), designated by 20, is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the Epistle of James, but it only contains Chapter 2:19-3:9. The manuscript has been paleographically assigned to the early 3rd century.[1]

Papyrus 20
New Testament manuscript
Epistle of James 3:3–3:9 on verso side
Epistle of James 3:3–3:9 on verso side
NameP. Oxy. 1171
TextEpistle of James 2-3 †
Date3rd century
Now atPrinceton University Library
CiteB. P. Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, Oxyrhynchus Papyri IX, (London 1912), pp. 9-11
Size11.5 by 4.5 cm
TypeAlexandrian text-type
Grenfell and Hunt
Bernard Grenfell Arthur Hunt
Epistle of James 2:19–3:2 on recto side


The original size of the leaves was 17 by 12 cm.

The text is neatly written in upright semi-cursive letters. The main Nomina Sacra are used, but πατηρ/pater/father and ανθρωπος/anthropos/man are written out in full.[2]

The Greek text of this codex is representative of the Alexandrian text-type (rather proto-Alexandrian). Aland placed it in Category I.[1] This manuscript shows the greatest agreement with Codex Sinaiticus and Vaticanus,[3] but not with codices Ephraemi, Regius and other late Alexandrian manuscripts.[2]

Philip Comfort has conjectured that the scribe who wrote  20 was also the same scribe who wrote  27, where the Greek letters α, β, δ, ε, λ, ι, μ, ν, ο, π, ρ, σ, ψ, υ, φ, ω are formed identically in both manuscripts.[3]

It is currently housed at the Princeton University Library (AM 4117) in Princeton.[1][4]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 97. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  2. ^ a b B. P. Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, Oxyrhynchus Papyri IX, (London 1912), p. 9.
  3. ^ a b Comfort, Philip W.; David P. Barrett (2001). The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts. Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers. p. 106. ISBN 978-0-8423-5265-9.
  4. ^ "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 23 August 2011.

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