Pante Macassar

Pante Macassar (also known as Pante Makasar) is a city in Pante Macassar Subdistrict on the north coast of East Timor, 152 kilometres or 94 miles to the west of Dili, the nation's capital. It has a population of 4,730 (Stand 2006). It is the capital of the Oecusse exclave (former Oecussi-Ambeno).

Pante Macassar
City
Foreshore of Pante Macassar
Foreshore of Pante Macassar
Pante Macassar is located in East Timor
Pante Macassar
Pante Macassar
Location in East Timor
Coordinates: 9°12′S 124°23′E / 9.200°S 124.383°E / -9.200; 124.383Coordinates: 9°12′S 124°23′E / 9.200°S 124.383°E / -9.200; 124.383
Country East Timor
Municipality Oecusse
Administrative postPante Macassar
Area
 • Total357.30 km2 (137.95 sq mi)
Elevation
189 m (620 ft)
Population
 (2015 census)
 • Total12,352
 • Density35/km2 (90/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (TLT)
ClimateAw
Map of Pante Macassar subdistrict

The name literally means "beach of Makassar," alluding to the erstwhile trade with Makassar in Sulawesi (Celebes). Locally Pante Macassar is known also as "Oecussi," which literally means "water cannon," and was the name of one of the two original kingdoms that form the exclave. The other was Ambeno. During the Portuguese colonisation, the city was also known as Vila Taveiro.

Lifau, in the outskirts of the present city, was the place where the Portuguese first disembarked on Timor and was the first capital of Portuguese Timor. It continued as capital until 1769, when that was transferred to Dili because of constant attacks from the Topasses.

Due to its distance from the remainder of East Timor, Oecussi-Ambeno, and specifically Pante Macassar, became the first territory occupied by Indonesia on 29 November 1975.

In 1999, in the tumult that accompanied the referendum for independence, Pante Macassar was particularly affected by the destructiveness of the pro-integration militias, supported by the Indonesian army. Sixty-five civilian supporters of independence were hanged, and 90 percent of the buildings were burned down[citation needed].

Today, the city has only a few dozen houses next to a beach with crystal-clear water, surrounded by palms. Crime is practically unknown. The only radio station works only occasionally due to an old transmitter, and electricity is limited to five hours at night. Twice a week, the isolation is briefly interrupted when a ferry boat from Dili arrives, for a journey that takes 12 hours.

ClimateEdit

As is typical of the north coast of Timor, Pante Macassar has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen Aw) with a wet season from December to March and a long dry season from April to November.

Climate data for Pante Macassar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.9
(85.8)
29.4
(84.9)
29.9
(85.8)
30.7
(87.3)
30.9
(87.6)
30.4
(86.7)
29.8
(85.6)
29.6
(85.3)
29.6
(85.3)
30.0
(86.0)
30.7
(87.3)
30.3
(86.5)
30.1
(86.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 27.3
(81.1)
26.6
(79.9)
26.6
(79.9)
26.9
(80.4)
26.9
(80.4)
26.2
(79.2)
25.3
(77.5)
25.0
(77.0)
25.2
(77.4)
26.3
(79.3)
27.7
(81.9)
27.7
(81.9)
26.5
(79.7)
Average low °C (°F) 24.7
(76.5)
23.8
(74.8)
23.4
(74.1)
23.1
(73.6)
22.9
(73.2)
22.0
(71.6)
20.8
(69.4)
20.5
(68.9)
20.9
(69.6)
22.6
(72.7)
24.8
(76.6)
25.1
(77.2)
22.9
(73.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 260
(10.2)
214
(8.4)
150
(5.9)
57
(2.2)
37
(1.5)
18
(0.7)
17
(0.7)
7
(0.3)
1
(0.0)
12
(0.5)
48
(1.9)
167
(6.6)
988
(38.9)
Source: Climate-Data.org[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Climate: Pante Macassar". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved April 16, 2020.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Pante Macassar Vila at Wikimedia Commons