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Jaguars south of the Amazon River

  (Redirected from Pantanal jaguar)

The jaguar south of the Amazon river (Panthera onca) was proposed as jaguar subspecies in the 19th century, but results of morphologic and genetic research failed to find evidence for subspecific differentiation.[1][2]

Panthera onca
Jaguar (Panthera onca palustris) male Rio Negro.JPG
Male jaguar with a collar near Rio Negro, Southern Pantanal
Jaguar (Panthera onca palustris) female Piquiri River 2.JPG
Female jaguar near Piquirí River (São Lourenço), Northern Pantanal
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Feliformia
Family: Felidae
Genus: Panthera
Species: P. onca
Subspecies: P. o.
Trinomial name
Panthera onca
(Linnaeus, 1758)


Taxonomic historyEdit

The Pantanal jaguar was proposed as the largest subspecies, with the taxonomic name Panthera onca palustris (Ameghino, 1888), native to the Pantanal of South America and Argentina.[4] A specimen from Bolivia was given the name Panthera onca boliviensis (Nelson and Goldman, 1933), before it was considered as being of Panthera onca palustris by Carbera (1957).[5] Panthera onca paraguensis (Hollister, 1914) was described for a jaguar from the Gran Chaco or the Pantanal regions in Paraguay.[4][6] Results of morphologic research failed to find evidence for subspecific differentiation.[1]


Jaguars from the Pantanal region are the largest of the species, with lengths of about 2.7 m (8.9 ft) and average weights of about 100 kg (220 lb). Some individuals weighed more than 135 kg (298 lb),[7]


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Larson, S. E. (1997). "Taxonomic re-evaluation of the jaguar". Zoo Biology. 16 (2): 107–120. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1098-2361(1997)16:2<107::AID-ZOO2>3.0.CO;2-E. 
  2. ^ "Subespecies del Jaguar". AnimalesExtincion. Retrieved 2015-09-11. 
  3. ^ Porter, J. H. (1894). Wild beasts; a study of the characters and habits of the elephant, lion, leopard, panther, jaguar, tiger, puma, wolf, and grizzly bear. p. 239. 
  4. ^ a b Seymour, K.L. (1989). "Panthera onca" (PDF). Mammalian Species. 340 (340): 1–9. doi:10.2307/3504096. JSTOR 3504096. Retrieved 2015-09-04. 
  5. ^ Wozencraft, W.C. (2005). "Panthera onca". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 546. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  6. ^ Nowell, K.; Jackson, P., eds. (1996). "Panthera Onca". Wild Cats. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan (PDF). Gland, Switzerland: IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group. IUCN. pp. 118–302. Retrieved 2015-09-07. 
  7. ^ "Brazil nature tours, Pantanal nature tours, Brazil tours, Pantanal birding tours, Amazon tours, Iguazu Falls tours, all Brazil tours". Archived from the original on 2007-12-28. Retrieved 2007-02-28.