South American jaguar(Redirected from Pantanal jaguar)
The South American jaguar is a population of the jaguar in South America. Though a number of subspecies of jaguars were proposed for South America, results of morphologic and genetic research failed to find evidence for subspecific differentiation.
|South American jaguar|
|Male jaguar with a collar near Rio Negro, Southern Pantanal|
|Female near Piquirí River (São Lourenço), Northern Pantanal|
- Panthera onca was proposed by Reginald Innes Pocock in 1939.
- Pocock also mentioned other subspecies, such as Panthera onca peruviana (de Blainville, 1843), but eventually, due to a lack of evidence, he accepted that Panthera onca peruviana could be the same subspecies as Panthera onca onca. In other words, the taxonomic name Panthera onca onca referred to a geographic group, if not subspecies, of jaguars north and west of the Amazon River, and south of Central America, including some Colombian jaguars, which was believed to include another group of jaguars, that is Panthera onca centralis.
- The Pantanal jaguar was proposed as the largest subspecies, with the taxonomic name Panthera onca palustris (Ameghino, 1888), native to the Pantanal region of South America, besides Argentina.
- A specimen from Bolivia was given the name Panthera onca boliviensis (Nelson and Goldman, 1933), before it was considered as being of Panthera onca palustris by Carbera (1957).
- Panthera onca paraguensis (Hollister, 1914) was described for a jaguar from the Gran Chaco or the Pantanal regions in Paraguay.
Jaguars from the Pantanal region are the largest of the species, with lengths of about 2.7 m (8.9 ft) and average weights of about 100 kg (220 lb). Some individuals weighed more than 135 kg (298 lb).
Habitat and distributionEdit
In South America, the jaguar's prey includes the peccary, capybara, and green anaconda. Sympatric predators include the mountain lion and spectacled bear. Spectacled bears appear to avoid places where the jaguar is present. This suggests predation on the bear by the jaguar.
Attacks on humansEdit
Occasionally, jaguars may attack humans, depending on factors such as the availability of natural prey:
- In 2015, at Isseneru Village in Cuyuni-Mazaruni, near the Mazaruni River in the Guyana Montane Forest, a jaguar attacked an indigenous girl aged three. She later received medical treatment, and survived.
- A fatal attack on a child belonging to the Taushiro people, who are from the border region of Peru and Ecuador, had been reported. In fact, the child's grandfather used to warn his family about such attacks.
The jaguar is featured in the crest of Argentina's national federation in rugby union. Jaguares de Córdoba is a football team in Colombia. The Lost Land of the Jaguar is a nature documentary by the BBC on Guyana's fauna, including the jaguar.
During the relaying of the torch at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Brazil, a female, captive jaguar in Manaus called 'Juma' was used as a mascot. However, it tried to escape, and on approaching a person, was killed. The animal's death provoked outrage, similar to that of a captive gorilla earlier.
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- Casey, Nicholas (2017-12-26). "Thousands Once Spoke His Language in the Amazon. Now, He's the Only One". New York Times. Retrieved 2017-12-26.
- Navia, R. (2018-01-26). "Fang trafficking to China is putting Bolivia's jaguars in jeopardy". Mongabay.com. Retrieved 2018-02-01.
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- "Jaguares de Córdoba". Soccerway.com. Retrieved 2013-06-23.
- "Lost Land of the Jaguar". BBC One. Retrieved 2012-08-05.
- "Amazon jaguar shot dead after Olympic torch ceremony". Reuters. 2016-06-21. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
- "Rio 2016: Jaguar in Amazon torch relay shot dead". BBC News. 2016-06-22. Retrieved 2018-01-21.