Panjali Sabatham

Panjali Sabatham (Tamil: பாஞ்சாலி சபதம், lit.'Panchali's Vow') also referred to as Paanchali Sabadham is a Tamil epic by Mahakavi Subramaniya Bharathiyar. The poem retells the events of the Game of Dice from the Mahabharat by Vyasa. Bharati uses the incidents from the Mahabharata to draw parallels with the Kurukshetra War and the Indian War of Independence and Panchaali with Bharat Devi.

Panjali Sabatham
AuthorMahakavi Subramaniya Bharathiyar
Original titleபாஞ்சாலி சபதம்

It is popularly known for emphasizing liberation of women from oppression and remains as one of the well known feminist works in Tamil literature.[1]


Panjali Sabatham is divided into two major parts and is further sub-divided into five sarukkam (chapter)[2] namely,

  1. சூழ்ச்சிசருக்கம் (Suzhcchi-carukkam) - Plotting Chapter
  2. சூதாட்டச்சருக்கம் (Suudhatta-carukkam) - Gambling Chapter
  3. அடிமைச்சருக்கம் (Adimai-carukkam) - Slavery Chapter
  4. துகிலுரிதல் சருக்கம் (Thugilurithal Sarukkam) - Harassment Chapter
  5. சபதச்சருக்கம் (Sabatha-carukkam) - Vow Chapter.

The epic contains a total of 412 poems. It is written in 'pa' meter called 'sindhu'.


  1. ^ "Centennial controversy over Panchali Sabatham". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  2. ^ "சருக்கம் | அகராதி | Tamil Dictionary". Retrieved 10 April 2021.