Panipat district

Panipat district About this soundpronunciation  is one of the 22 districts of Haryana in north India. The historical town of Panipat is the administrative headquarters of the district. The district occupies an area of 1,268 km2 (490 sq mi), making it the nineteenth largest in the state with Gurugram and Panchkula following it.

Panipat district
Location of Panipat district in Haryana
Location of Panipat district in Haryana
Coordinates (Panipat): 29°23′N 76°58′E / 29.39°N 76.97°E / 29.39; 76.97Coordinates: 29°23′N 76°58′E / 29.39°N 76.97°E / 29.39; 76.97
CountryIndia
StateHaryana
DivisionKarnal
HeadquartersPanipat
Tehsils1. Panipat, 2. Samalkha, 3. Israna, 4. Madlauda, 5. Bapoli
Area
 • Total1,268 km2 (490 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,205,437
 • Density950/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
 • Urban
555,085
Demographics
 • Literacy75.94%
  • Male = 83.71%
  • Female = 67.00%
 • Sex ratio864
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH1, NH71A, NH709AD, SH16
Lok Sabha constituenciesKarnal (shared with Karnal district)
Vidhan Sabha constituencies1. Panipat Rural, 2. Panipat City, 3. Israna, 4. Samalkha
Websitehttp://panipat.nic.in/

HistoryEdit

9 Administrative set up

"The first record of the district is found in Ain-i-Akbari. It was part of Suba Delhi. When the British took over the area in 1803, it was a part of Delhi territory. In 1819 reorganisation, Panipat, Karnal and Sonipat areas formed part of Panipat district. In 1851 Panipat district was divided into Panipat and Karnal tahsils with headquarters at Panipat and Gharaunda respectively. Three years later, headquarters of the district were shifted to Karnal. Since then numerous intra- district changes occurred. The State has been experiencing inter-district and inter-tahsil jurisdictional transfers ever since its formation on Ist November, 1966. There were 7 districts at the 1971 Census which increased to 12 in 1981, 16 in 1991, 19 in 2001 and 21 in 2011. Likewise the number of tahsils has increased from 32 to 74 and towns from 65 to154 in 1971and 2011 respectively. Haryana State is divided into four administrative Divisions, namely Ambala, Rohtak, Hisar and Gurgaon, each headed by Divisional Commissioner. Ambala Division covered Panchkula, Ambala, Yamunanagar, Kurukshetra and Kaithal districts; Rohtak Division extended over Karnal, Panipat, Sonipat, Rohtak and Jhajjar districts; Hisar Division is spread over Jind, Bhiwani, Hisar, Fatehabad and Sirsa districts; Gurgaon Division is spread over Mahendragarh, Rewari, Gurgaon, Mewat, Faridabad and Palwal districts. During 2011 Census two newly created districts, namely, Mewat (17th December 2004) out of district Gurgaon and Palwal (13th August, 2008) out of district Faridabad have been added in Gurgaon Division. The district lies in Rohtak Division having two sub-divisional offices located at Panipat and Samalkha.The district has three tahsils viz Panipat, Israna and Samalkha.Five Community Development Blocks Madlauda, Panipat, Israna, Samalkha and Bapauli have been set up in the district for the development of rural areas. Panipat district appeared on the Census map for the first time in 1991 comprising Panipat and Assandh tahsils. It was carved out of Karnal district. At that time, Panipat tahsil had 186 villages and two notified towns of Panipat and Samalkha and Assandh tahsil contained 46 villages and one town, namely, Assandh. Israna and Samalkha tahsils were created in December, 1991 out of Panipat tahsil. Assandh tahsil was transferred back to Karnal in July, 1991. Present position of the district in 2011 Census is that it contains 3 tahsils, namely, Panipat (76 villages and Panipat MCL, Kachrauli C.T., Kabri C.T., Sikanderpur C.T., Asan Khurd C.T., Panipat Taraf Ansar C.T., Panipat Taraf Makhdum Zadgan C.T., Ugra Kheri C.T., Panipat Taraf Rajputan C.T., Sec. 11&12 Part II C.T., and Kheri Nangal C.T.), Israna (28 villages and no urban area) and Samalkha (82 villages and Samalkha MC). Administratively, the Deputy Commissioner is the overall incharge of the general administration in the district and performs the duties of the District Magistrate and the District Collector. Below the Deputy Commissioner is the Additional Deputy Commissioner who assists the Deputy Commissioner in the work relating to general administration, rural development, etc.The Deputy Commissioner along with ADC, Chief Executive Officer of Zila Parishad, Superintendent of Police and other senior officers of the district looks after the development and regulatory functions in the district."

Panipat district was carved out from the erstwhile Karnal district on 1 November 1989. On 24 July 1991 it was again merged with Karnal district. On 1 January 1992 it again became a separate district.

Sub-DivisionsEdit

The Panipat district is headed by an IAS officer of the rank of Deputy Commissioner (DC) who is the chief executive officer of the district. The district is divided into 2 sub-divisions, each headed by a Sub-Divisional Magistrate (SDM): Panipat and Samalkha.

Revenue tehsilsEdit

The above 2 sub-divisions are divided into 5 revenue tehsils, namely, Panipat, Samalkha, Israna, Bapoli and Madlauda.

Assembly constituenciesEdit

There are four Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district:

Panipat district is a part of the Karnal (Lok Sabha constituency).

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1951238,834—    
1961298,232+2.25%
1971382,445+2.52%
1981507,164+2.86%
1991698,103+3.25%
2001967,449+3.32%
20111,205,437+2.22%
source:[1]
Religions in Panipat district
Religion Percent
Hindus
89.92%
Muslims
7.19%
Sikhs
2.08%

According to the 2011 census Panipat district has a population of 1,205,437,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Bahrain[3] or the US state of New Hampshire.[4] This gives it a ranking of 396th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 951 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,460/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 24.60%.[2] Panipat has a sex ratio of 864 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 75.94%.

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 92.14% of the population in the district spoke Hindi, 6.09% Punjabi and 0.79% Urdu as their first language.[5]

EducationEdit

There are several engineering colleges in Panipat district:

  • APIIT SD India[6]
  • Panipat Institute Of Engineering & Technology[7]
  • Geeta group of institutions[8]
  • NC College Of Engineering[9]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  2. ^ a b c d e "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Bahrain 1,214,705 July 2011 est.
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. New Hampshire 1,316,470
  5. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  6. ^ APIIT SD India
  7. ^ P.I.E.T - Panipat Institute Of Engineering & Technology
  8. ^ Geeta group of institutions
  9. ^ "NCCE – Top and Best Engineering Colleges in Panipat, Haryana, India".

External linksEdit