Pangu Pati

  (Redirected from Pangu Party)

The Pangu Pati, also known as the Pangu Party or Papua and Niugini Union Pati, is a political party in Papua New Guinea. As of September 2019, the party had 23 of 111 seats in the National Parliament.

Pangu Party
Pangu Pati
LeaderJames Marape
PresidentErigere Singin[1][2]
SecretaryMorris Tovebae[1]
FoundersMichael Somare
Albert Maori Kiki
Lucas Waka
Barry Holloway
Cecil Abel
FoundedJune 13, 1967 (1967-06-13)[3]
HeadquartersGordons, NCD
IdeologyIndigenism[4]
Papuan nationalism[5]
Christian democracy[6]
Social democracy[6]
Political positionCentre to centre-left[6]
SloganPangu Save Lo Rot (Tok Pisin, "Pangu Knows the Way")[7]
National Parliament
23 / 111
Website
Facebook page

HistoryEdit

The party was founded in June 1967 by (in particular) Michael Somare, Albert Maori Kiki, Lucas Waka, Barry Holloway and Cecil Abel, "PANGU" standing for "Papua New Guinea Union."[8][9] The initial interim executive was Somare, Joseph Nombri, Oala Oala-Rarua and Vin ToBaining, while it had nine members of the House of Assembly of Papua and New Guinea: Nicholas Brokam, Holloway, Wegra Kenu, Siwi Kurondo, Paul Lapun, Pita Lus, Paliau Maloat, James Meanggarum and Tony Voutas.[10]

Somare later served as Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea as the leader of the Pangu Party from 1972 to 1980 and from 1982 to 1985. In 1985, Paias Wingti led a faction of the party to split with Somare, and Wingti won a no confidence vote against Somare, succeeding him as prime minister. In 1988, Somare was replaced as leader of Pangu by Rabbie Namaliu who served as prime minister from 1988 to 1992. Somare would then become leader of the National Alliance Party.

At the 2002 elections, the party won 6 of 109 seats, under the leadership of Chris Haiveta. After that election, Somare returned to power as prime minister. Pangu became a member of his coalition government, and continued to support the Somare government after the 2007 elections, in which Pangu won 5 seats.[11]

It won only one seat at the 2012 election, that of Angoram MP Ludwig Schulze, but was left unrepresented when Schulze died in March 2013.[12] In August 2014, Deputy Opposition Leader Sam Basil crossed to Pangu and reactivated its parliamentary wing, taking on the leadership.[13] The party's numbers increased to two in August 2015 when William Samb won a by-election in Goilala Open.[14]

Election resultsEdit

National Parliament
Election Leader Votes % Seats +/– Government
1977 Michael Somare 35% (#1)
30 / 109
New Coalition
1982 No data
51 / 109
  21 Coalition
1987 408,082 14.93 (#1)
26 / 109
  25 Opposition
1992 Rabbie Namaliu 294,738 9.33 (#1)
22 / 109
  4 Opposition
1997 Chris Haiveta 237,028 5.31 (#3)
13 / 109
  9 Opposition
2002 No data
6 / 109
  7 Opposition
2007
5 / 109
  1 Coalition
2012 Andrew Kumbakor
1 / 111
  4 Opposition
2017 Sam Basil 322,049 4.08 (#4)
9 / 111
  8 Coalition
2022 James Marape TBD TBD
36 / 118
(preliminary)
  12 TBD

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Political Parties". Integrity of Political Parties and Candidates Commission. Retrieved 15 April 2022.
  2. ^ https://www.pmnec.gov.pg/index.php/secretariats/pm-media-statements/350-pangu-pati-makes-history-by-electing-first-ever-woman-national-president Pangu Pati makes history by electing first-ever woman National President
  3. ^ Somare, Michael. Johnstone, Ian; Powles, Michael (eds.). New Flags Flying: Pacific Leadership. Huia.
  4. ^ May, R. J. (2004). "Class, Ethnicity, Regionalism and Political Parties". State and Society in Papua New Guinea. ANU Press. pp. 127–146. ISBN 1920942068. JSTOR j.ctt2jbkfq.10.
  5. ^ https://www.tokpisin.info/pangu-pati/ Pangu Pati
  6. ^ a b c "PAPUA & NIUGINI UNION PATI (PANGU)". Retrieved 15 April 2022.
  7. ^ "(no title)". academicnomad.home.blog. {{cite web}}: Cite uses generic title (help)
  8. ^ Woolford, Don (July 1, 2013). Papua New Guinea: Initiation and Independence. University of Queensland Press. ISBN 9781921902192 – via Google Books.
  9. ^ Brij V. Lal and Kate Fortune (eds.), The Pacific Islands: an encyclopedia, University of Hawaii Press, 2000, ISBN 0-8248-2265-X, p.310
  10. ^ "Australian Political Chronicle". Australian Journal of Politics and History. 13 (2). 1967.
  11. ^ "MOA to Govern". The National. 6 August 2007. Archived from the original on 6 October 2007.
  12. ^ "PM, Namah offer condolences". The National. 11 March 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
  13. ^ "Basil now new Pangu leader". PNG Post Courier. 20 August 2014.
  14. ^ "Pangu Pati candidate wins Goilala". PNG Post Courier. 12 August 2015.