Panel truck

A panel truck (also called a panel delivery[1] or pickup truck-based van) in U.S. and Canadian usage is a small delivery truck with a fully enclosed body.[2] It typically is high and has no rear windows in the rear cargo area.[3] The term was first used in the early 1910s. Panel trucks were marketed for contracting, deliveries, and other businesses.[4] Often described as a small van (based on the chassis of a truck or pickup truck) used mostly for delivery rounds, the British equivalent is a "delivery van."[5]

1906 Kansas City Motors panel truck.

HistoryEdit

 
Chevrolet Advance Design panel truck

Consumer demand from farmers and businesses for stripped-down Model T versions prompted Henry Ford to market vehicles that independent builders could supply cabs and cargo enclosures according to users' needs.[6]

The U.S. Army ordered 20,000 Dodge half-ton chassis sets for use as cargo trucks and ambulances During World War I that were then marketed after the war as the "Screenside Commercial Car" - a pickup with a roof and roll-up side covers or a fully enclosed cargo-bed.[6]

Chevrolet made a van-like version of their Chevrolet Suburban, which was a station wagon version of the Chevrolet pickup truck from the 1930s. Panel truck versions of the Suburban were made until 1973.

Ford made panel truck versions of their pickup trucks until 1960. Panel trucks were also converted into canopy expresses, which were primarily used by farmers. Panel truck versions of the Agrocar were also released until 1978.

The style of the panel trucks from the 1930s to 1950s inspired the style of both the Chrysler PT Cruiser[7] and the Chevrolet HHR.

DifferenceEdit

The difference between a sedan delivery and a panel truck is that the sedan delivery is based on the chassis of a sedan, hatchback, or station wagon, while a panel truck is based on the chassis of a pickup truck.[8] Unibody-based vans are similar in size and in functionality but have a unibody chassis.

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ MCG (12 September 2013). "Another look at sedan deliveries". macsmotorcitygarage. Retrieved 25 October 2020.
  2. ^ "Panel truck". thefreedictionary.com. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
  3. ^ "Panel Truck: meaning". Cambridge English Dictionary. Retrieved 12 October 2020.
  4. ^ Leavenworth, Jesse (27 July 2017). "'46 Chevrolet Panel Truck In Lebanon Customized To Deliver A Memorable Ride". Hardford Currant. Retrieved 12 October 2020.
  5. ^ "Panel truck definition and meaning". Collins English Dictionary. Retrieved 12 October 2020.
  6. ^ a b Sherman, Don (11 December 2017). "Pickup trucks have been on the job for 100 years". Hagerty. Retrieved 12 October 2020.
  7. ^ "Chrysler PT Cruiser". automotive.com. Archived from the original on 27 July 2014. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
  8. ^ Posts Tagged ‘panel truck’, Posts Tagged ‘panel truck’. "Posts Tagged 'panel truck'". oldchevytrucks.com. Retrieved 24 October 2020.