Panchmura is a gram panchayat under Taldangra intermediate panchayat, in Khatra subdivision of Bankura district in the Indian state of West Bengal.[1] It is 21 km (13 mi) from Bishnupur and is famous for the terracotta Bankura horse, a folk artefact and now the national symbol for Indian handicrafts.[2]

Bankura horses
Bankura horses
Panchmura is located in West Bengal
Location in West Bengal, India
Panchmura is located in India
Panchmura (India)
Coordinates: 22°58′00″N 87°10′00″E / 22.9667°N 87.1667°E / 22.9667; 87.1667Coordinates: 22°58′00″N 87°10′00″E / 22.9667°N 87.1667°E / 22.9667; 87.1667
Country India
StateWest Bengal
 • TypePanchayati raj (India)
 • BodyGram panchayat
 • Total3,719
 • OfficialBengali, Santali, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-WB
Vehicle registrationWB
Lok Sabha constituencyBankura
Vidhan Sabha constituencyTaldangra


Places in Khatra subdivision in Bankura district
CT: census town, R: rural/ urban centre, C: craft centre, T: ancient/ temple centre
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly


Panchmura is located at 22°58′00″N 87°10′00″E / 22.9667°N 87.1667°E / 22.9667; 87.1667. It has an average elevation of 68 m (223 ft).[3]

Note: The map alongside presents some of the notable locations in the subdivision. All places marked in the map are linked in the larger full screen map.

Census villages under Panchmura gram panchayat are as follows: Adhkara, Amjor, Banskopa, Bhetuadanga, Chakiambedia, Danduria, Deulbhira, Dhobajor, Jambedia, Jaypur, Kanaipur, Kukutia, Lalbandh, Nutangram, Panchmura, Radhanagar, Rasiagara, Shyamsundarpur, Tatar[4]


As per 2011 Census of India Panchmura had a total population of 3,719 of which 1,854 (50%) were males and 1,865 (50%) were females. Population below 6 years was 425. The total number of literates in Panchmura was 2,525 (76.65% of the population over 6 years).[5]

.*For language details see Taldangra (community development block)#Language and religion

Terracotta craftEdit

Bankura horseEdit

The terracotta Bankura horse, the logo of All India Handicrafts,[6] and an item which now adorns drawing rooms across the world as symbols of Indian folk-art, is produced in Panchmura.[7]

Manasa chaliEdit

Manasa chali of Panchmura

Manasa chali is the idol of Debi Manasa. It is a unique terracotta sculpture of Panchmura, West Bengal. Manasa chali has a small figure or a group of three figures in the middle, with rows of snake hoods fanning out in a half moon shape.[8]


Panchmura Mahavidyalaya is a general degree college established in 1965 with the efforts of local people led by Dr. Pasupati Mandal. It offers honours courses in Bengali, English, Sanskrit, history, political science, philosophy, economics, chemistry, mathematics and accountancy, and general courses in arts, science and commerce. It is affiliated with the Bankura University.[9][10]

Panchmura High School, is a Bengali-medium coeducational institution established in 1924. It has facilities for teaching from class V to class XII. The school has 11 computers, a library with 300 books and a playground.[11]


  1. ^ "Village Panchayats of West Bengal". Bankura. National Panchayat Directory,Panchayat Informatics Division,NIC. Archived from the original on 16 April 2009. Retrieved 2 June 2009.
  2. ^ "Incredible India". West Bengal. India tourism. Archived from the original on 2 March 2008. Retrieved 17 June 2009.
  3. ^ "Panchmura, India Page". Falling Rain Genomics. Retrieved 22 June 2009.
  4. ^ "List of Census Villages mapped for Village Panchayat:Panchmura, Taldangra, Bankura,West Bengal". Ministry of Panchayati Raj. Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 22 June 2009.
  5. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
  6. ^ "Bankura's Horses". bengalinet. Retrieved 22 June 2009.
  7. ^ "Terracotta Traditions". potteryindia. Archived from the original on 6 July 2002. Retrieved 22 June 2009.
  8. ^ Dasgupta, Samira; Biswas, Rabiranjan; Mallik, Gautam Kumar (2009). Heritage Tourism: An Anthropological Journey to Bishnupur. Mittal Publications. ISBN 9788183242943.
  9. ^ "Panchmura Mahavidyalaya". Panchmura Mahavidyalaya. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  10. ^ "Panchmura Mahavidyalaya". College Admission. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  11. ^ "Panchmura High School". Retrieved 26 April 2020.

External linksEdit