Cow Milk, curd, honey, jaggery, and ghee are mixed. However, there may be certain regional variations in ingredients. Most south Indians add ripe banana as well. Panchamrita is an Ayurvedic preparation but has been manipulated in several places to cut costs and increase keeping value.
पयोदधि घृतं चैव मधु च शर्करायुतं । पञ्चामृतं मयानीतं स्नानार्थं प्रतिगृह्यताम् ॥
Some people use sugar instead of jaggery, which is not accepted by all, as sugar is not a natural element like jaggery and sugar is sometimes refined using bone charcoal which makes it inappropriate to use for pooja.
In Palani Murugan temple, Tamil Nadu, Panchamrita is used in abhisheka and distributed as prasad. This panchamritam consist of banana, sugar, ghee, honey, seedless dates, cardamom and sugar candy. The banana used is the Virupatchi variety, which grows only in the Palani hills and has very low water content.
- For definition of पञ्चामृत (IAST: pañcāmṛta ) as "the collection of five sweet things used in worshipping deities" see: Apte 1965, p. 578,
- Karigoudar, Ishwaran (1977). A populistic community and modernization in India. Books.google.com. ISBN 9004047905. Retrieved 23 May 2009.
- "Palani temple to double panchamritam production". Economic Times. Palani, India. 6 October 2009.
- Nair, K.K. (26 March 2007). Sages Through Ages, Proof of divinity given. Books.google.com. ISBN 9781418446895. Retrieved 23 May 2009.
- Millett, Deacon (2013). Hoodoo Honey and Sugar Spells: Sweet Love Magic in the Conjure Tradition. Lucky Mojo Curio Co. ISBN 978-0-9719612-4-1.
- Apte, Vaman Shivram (1965), The Practical Sanskrit Dictionary (Fourth revised and enlarged ed.), Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers, ISBN 81-208-0567-4
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