Panbabylonism is the school of thought that considered the cultures and religions of the Middle East and civilization in general to be ultimately derived from Babylonian myths which in turn they viewed as being based on Babylonian astronomy, often in hidden ways. A related school of thought is the Bible-Babel school, which regarded the Hebrew Bible and Judaism to be directly derived from Mesopotamian (Babylonian) mythology; both are forms of hyperdiffusionism in archaeology.
Both theories were popular in Germany, and the height of Panbabylonism was from the late 19th century to World War I. Panbabylonist thought largely disappeared from legitimate scholarship after the death of one of its greatest proponents, Hugo Winckler, according to one author, particularly in reference to astrology.
- Brown, Peter Lancaster (2000). Megaliths, myths, and men : an introduction to astro-archaeology (Dover ed. ed.). Mineola, NY: Dover Publications. p. 267. ISBN 9780486411453.
- The Development, Heyday, and Demise of Panbabylonism by Gary D. Thompson