Panzhou

  (Redirected from Pan County)

Panzhou (simplified Chinese: 盘州市; traditional Chinese: 盤州市; pinyin: Pánzhōu Shì) is a county-level city in southwestern Guizhou province, China, on the border with Yunnan province to the west. It is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Liupanshui.

Panzhou

盘州市
A commanding view of the East Lake Park, Panzhou, Guizhou, China6.jpg
Panzhou is the southernmost division in this map of Liupanshui
Panzhou is the southernmost division in this map of Liupanshui
Liupanshui in Guizhou
Liupanshui in Guizhou
Coordinates (Panzhou municipal government): 25°42′36″N 104°28′18″E / 25.7099°N 104.4716°E / 25.7099; 104.4716Coordinates: 25°42′36″N 104°28′18″E / 25.7099°N 104.4716°E / 25.7099; 104.4716
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceGuizhou
Prefecture-level cityLiupanshui
Area
 • Total4,056.7 km2 (1,566.3 sq mi)
Highest elevation
342 m (1,122 ft)
Population
 • Total1,034,903
 • Density260/km2 (660/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+08:00 (China Standard)
Postal code
553537
Websitewww.panxian.gov.cn
Ethnic townships in Liupanshui except Liuzhi. Light green -Yi. Blue - miao. Dark green- Bouyei

Administrative divisionsEdit

As of 2017, Panzhou is divided into fourteen towns, seven townships, and six subdistricts.

Name Chinese character Note
Xiangshui 响水镇
Minzhu 民主镇
Xinmin 新民镇
Baiguo 柏果镇
Panguan 盘关镇
Shiqiao 石桥镇
Zhuhai 竹海镇
Baotian 保田镇
Yingwu 英武镇
Dashan 大山镇
Jichangping 鸡场坪镇
Shuangfeng 双凤镇
Danxia 丹霞镇
Wumeng 乌蒙镇
Pingdi Yi Ethnic Township 坪地彝族乡
Yangchang Buyi, Bai and Miao Ethnic Township 羊场布依族白族苗族乡
Jiuying Bai, Yi and Miao Ethnic Township 旧营白族彝族苗族乡
Baoji Miao and Yi Ethnic Township 保基苗族彝族乡
Yuni Yi Ethnic Township 淤泥彝族乡
Pugu Yi and Miao Ethnic Township 普古彝族苗族乡
Putian Hui Ethnic Township 普田回族乡
Yizi Subdistrict 亦资街道
Hanlin Subdistrict 翰林街道
Lianghe Subdistrict 两河街道
Hongguo Subdistrict 红果街道
Shengjing Subdistrict 胜境街道
Liuguan Subdistrict 刘官街道

GeographyEdit

Panzhou is located in western Guizhou province and southwestern Liupanshui. Panzhou shares a border with Fuyuan County and Xuanwei to the west, Pu'an County to the east, Shuicheng District to the north, and Xingyi to the south. Panzhou has a total area of 4,056 km2 (1,566 sq mi).

GeologyEdit

Panzhou is located in the ||South China Karst||, with mostly on a mountain plateau. The terrain elevation is high in the northwest, low in the southeast, and uplifted in the center and south.

ClimateEdit

Panzhou has a ||humid subtropical climate|| with monsoon influence. It has an average annual temperature of 15.2 °C (59.4 °F), total annual rainfall of 1,390-millimetre (55 in), a frost-free period of 271 days and an average of 1593 annual sunshine hours. Winters are mild and summers are cool.

Climate data for Panzhou (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 26.3
(79.3)
30.6
(87.1)
31.4
(88.5)
34.1
(93.4)
35.1
(95.2)
33.8
(92.8)
32.9
(91.2)
32.5
(90.5)
31.9
(89.4)
29.5
(85.1)
27.8
(82.0)
28.9
(84.0)
35.1
(95.2)
Average high °C (°F) 12.2
(54.0)
13.9
(57.0)
19.1
(66.4)
23.3
(73.9)
25.1
(77.2)
26.1
(79.0)
26.7
(80.1)
26.6
(79.9)
24.1
(75.4)
20.4
(68.7)
17.6
(63.7)
13.6
(56.5)
20.7
(69.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.8
(44.2)
8.5
(47.3)
12.7
(54.9)
17.0
(62.6)
19.4
(66.9)
21.2
(70.2)
21.8
(71.2)
21.3
(70.3)
19.1
(66.4)
15.7
(60.3)
12.1
(53.8)
8.0
(46.4)
15.3
(59.5)
Average low °C (°F) 3.4
(38.1)
4.9
(40.8)
8.3
(46.9)
12.5
(54.5)
15.3
(59.5)
17.8
(64.0)
18.5
(65.3)
17.8
(64.0)
15.8
(60.4)
12.7
(54.9)
8.7
(47.7)
4.3
(39.7)
11.7
(53.0)
Record low °C (°F) −4.2
(24.4)
−2.1
(28.2)
−2.6
(27.3)
1.7
(35.1)
6.7
(44.1)
11.1
(52.0)
11.0
(51.8)
12.1
(53.8)
6.5
(43.7)
4.2
(39.6)
−1.3
(29.7)
−5.1
(22.8)
−5.1
(22.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 22.5
(0.89)
23.6
(0.93)
30.3
(1.19)
48.1
(1.89)
153.7
(6.05)
306.8
(12.08)
264.8
(10.43)
211.0
(8.31)
135.9
(5.35)
96.3
(3.79)
37.3
(1.47)
17.6
(0.69)
1,347.9
(53.07)
Average relative humidity (%) 79 75 69 68 73 79 81 81 81 83 80 79 77
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center

EconomyEdit

Panzhou is one of the most developed counties in Guizhou; it ranked the 84th in the Top100 of counties and county-level ciities of China by comprehensive strength in 2020.[1]

DemographicsEdit

PopulationEdit

As of the 2019 census, there were 1,305,666 people and 446,784 households residing in Panzhou.[2] There are 1,070,700 permanent residents in the city.[2] There are 29 ethnic groups living in Panzhou. Among the 28 ethnic minorities, 6 are local minorities, including 126,000 Yi, 38,000 Bai, 33,000 Miao, 22,000 Bouyei, 9,500 Hui and 6,500 Sui, accounting for 20.83% of the total population. There are 15,000 people in the other 22 minorities, including Mongolians, Manchu, Tujia, Dong, Gelao and Zhuang.

LanguageEdit

Mandarin is the official language. The local people speak both Southwestern Mandarin and minority languages.[3]

ReligionEdit

The county government supports all religions. The local people mainly believe in Chinese folk religion, Buddhism, Taoism and Catholicism.[3] There are twenty Buddhist temples, one Taoist temple, three Islamic mosques, one Catholic church and seven Protestant churches in Panzhou.[3]

Culture and tourismEdit

There are two national 4A scenic areas in Panzhou: the Tuole Ancient Ginkgo Scenic Area (妥乐古银杏景区) and the Dala Fairy Valley Scenic Area (哒啦仙谷旅游景区). There are also three provincial tourist resorts and three provincial tourist scenic spots. The Pan County Dadong Ancient Cultural Site is the only national relic protection unit in Panzhou. There are five provincial culture and relics sites, including the Pan'anzhou Confucius Temple (普安州文庙), the City God Temple (城隍庙), and the former residence of Zhang Daofan (Chang Tao-fan; 张道藩故居). The Wumeng Prairie Scenic Area (乌蒙大草原景区) is a famous scenic area in all of Guizhou.

Major Buddhist Temples in Panzhou include Guanyin Temple (观音寺) and Huguo Temple (or Protect the Country Temple).

ParksEdit

Panzhou has two major public parks: the East Lake Park and the South Lake Park.

A commanding view of the East Lake Park.
Residential buildings near the South Lake Park.
All the mountains and plains of the Wumeng Prairie Scenic Area are snowed under.
Mahavira Hall, Guanyin Temple.
Mahavira Hall, Huguo Temple.
Panzhou Library.

TransportationEdit

The city has one high-speed railway station, Panzhou, on the Shanghai–Kunming line. There are several conventional railway stations in the City on three lines: the Panxi railway, Liupanshui–Hongguo railway, and the Weishe–Hongguo railway. These three lines meet at Hongguo railway station in Hongguo Subdistrict.

Notable peopleEdit

  • Long Zhaoxi (陇朝喜), a Tusi in the Yuan dynasty.
  • Shao Yuanshan (邵元善), Ming dynasty politician.
  • Jiang Zonglu (蒋宗鲁), Ming dynasty politician.
  • Wang Zuoyuan (王祚远), Ming dynasty politician.
  • Meng Benchun (孟本淳), Ming dynasty military officer.
  • Zhang Lingxiang (张凌翔), Muslim uprising leader.
  • Ma Hetu (马河图), Muslim uprising leader.
  • Chang Tao-fan, politician in the Republic of China who served as President of the Legislative Yuan between 1952 and 1961.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Wang Jingdong (王敬东), ed. (10 May 2020). 百强县榜单来了!看不懂,这个经济大省竟只有三席. CCTV.COM (in Chinese). Retrieved 29 July 2020.
  2. ^ a b 经济发展. Government of Panzhou (in Chinese). 23 June 2020. Retrieved 7 September 2020.
  3. ^ a b c 民族宗教简况. Government of Panzhou (in Chinese). 25 December 2019. Retrieved 7 September 2020.

External linksEdit