Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras

  (Redirected from Palmeiras (football club))

Palmeiras (Portuguese pronunciation: [pawˈmejɾɐs]) is a Brazilian professional football club based in the city of São Paulo.

Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras
Palmeiras logo.svg
Full nameSociedade Esportiva Palmeiras
Nickname(s)Verdão (Big Green)
Porco (Pig)
''Primeiro Campeão Mundial (First World Champion)
Campeão do Século (Champion of the Century)
Periquito (Parakeet, used in the club's early stages)
O Maior Campeão Nacional (The Greatest National Champion)
FoundedAugust 26, 1914; 105 years ago (1914-08-26), as Società Sportiva Palestra Italia
GroundAllianz Parque
PresidentMauricio Galiotte
Head coachVanderlei Luxemburgo
LeagueCampeonato Brasileiro Série A
Campeonato Paulista
Série A, 3rd place
Paulista, 3rd place
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Founded on 26 August 1914, as Palestra Italia (pronounced [paˌlɛstɾiˈtaliɐ]), but changed to the current name on 14 September 14, 1942. It is a popular and successful Brazilian club, with around 18 million supporters and 126,000 affiliated fans,[2] including many Brazilians of Italian ancestry. Despite being primarily an association football team, Palmeiras competes in a number of different sports, most notably football. The football team plays in the Campeonato Paulista, the state of São Paulo's premier state league, as well as in the Brasileirão Série A, the top tier of the Brazilian football league system.

Palmeiras have won 14 national competitions, making it the most successful club inside Brazil.[3] The club's most important titles are the 1951 Copa Rio international tournament, 1999 Copa Libertadores, 10 Brazilian National League titles (Campeonato Brasileiro Série A),[4] 2 Brasileirão Série B, 3 Brazil Cups (Copa do Brasil), 1 Champions Cup (Copa dos Campeões) and the 1998 Copa Mercosul, as well as 5 Interstate titles (Torneio Rio – São Paulo), and 22 State Championship titles (Campeonato Paulista).[5]


First crest in 1915
Photo of Palestra Italia in 1916
Photo of Palestra Italia State Champion in 1920

Palestra is born – opening gameEdit

At the beginning of the 20th century, several young Italians decided to start a club whose main goal was to form a football team that would be representative of the Italian community, and face the big names of São Paulo's football elite. Just over three decades earlier, Italy had been unified – a fact that was not known to some Italian-Brazilians and to some non-Italian Brazilians.

There were numerous Italian clubs, but each one represented an Italian Province or was geared to activities other than football. At the time, the game was starting to take hold and drew many players and fans.

The founders of the club sought out the Fanfulla newspaper, which was the media mouthpiece that defended the interests of Italians in Brazil, and entrusted young Vincenzo Ragognetti – another supporter of the idea – to draft an invitation to those interested in forming a sports club.

After several meetings, 46 interested individuals (led by Luigi Marzo and Luigi Cervo) gathered at the Alhambra Room on what is now Rua do Riachuelo, and founded a sports club for all Italian-Brazilians named "Palestra Italia". Ezequiel Simone was named club president. The Italian Consulate in São Paulo became interested in the new club because it would help spread the word among Italians that their country now had one flag and one anthem.

After some initial difficulties, Palestra Italia played its first game in the town of Votorantim (São Paulo State) – beating Savoy 2–0 with goals from Bianco and Alegretti to win the Savoy Cup.[6]

Photo of Palestra Italia in 1932

1920–1945 – First title and purchase of the stadiumEdit

Oscar Francisco Nascimento (1930)

In 1916, the team joined the city's main sports league and held its first official championship match. The following year it would be runner-up in the São Paulo State Championship, facing Corinthians for the first time. Palestra won that initial game 3–0 with three goals from Caetano; it also won the rematch 3–1 of what would become the team's chief rivalry. In 1920, Palestra Italia captured the São Paulo State championship with a victory over the rugged Paulistano squad in the deciding match.

Palestra continued to grow as a sports club and also began acquiring more assets. Estádio Palestra Itália, purchased in 1920, was remodeled and expanded in 1933 – when it became the first Brazilian stadium with concrete grandstands and barbed-wire fences. Starting in 1964, the playing field would be suspended, which gave fans a complete, broad view and also created space in the lower levels.

The club continued to grow and won more championships, and at the outset of the 1930s became the three-time São Paulo State football and basketball champion – a feat which prompted Palestra fans to chant in celebration: "With the feet or with the hands, Palestra is the best in the land."[6]

A Leader Dies, A Champion is BornEdit

Oberdan Cattani
Photo of Palestra Italia State Champion in 1940
Palmeiras in 1942

In 1942 during World War II, the government of President Getúlio Vargas made a decree banning any organization from using names related to the Axis Powers (Germany, Italy, and Japan). Palestra Italia was compelled to change its name, and became Palestra São Paulo. "Palestra" is a Greek word that did not violate the government measure. However, the change did not soothe political and sporting pressures. Under penalty of forfeiting all its assets to another club and facing ejection from the championship that it currently led, Palestra was forced to change its name a second time. The night before the last game of the State championship, scheduled for 20 September 1942, the Palestra board of directors held a heated meeting and changed the club's name. When the debate reached its peak, Dr. Mario Minervino took the floor and asked club Secretary, Dr. Pascoal W. Byron Giuliano, to note in the minutes:

– "They don't want us to be Palestra, so then we shall be Palmeiras – born to be champions."

Tensions flared during the final league match, where Palmeiras' opponent was São Paulo Futebol Clube (SPFC) which was laying claim to the assets of the former Palestra Italia.

Palmeiras took the field carrying the Brazilian flag under the leadership of army Captain Adalberto Mendes. Palmeiras was leading the score by 3–1 when a penalty was called in its favor. At that moment, the SPFC ordered its players to consider the Palmeiras squad an enemy of the homeland and pulled its side off the field amid jeers from even the club's own fans. The celebrations began on the spot. The next day, newspapers contained a photograph of Palmeiras entering the field with the headline: "A Leader Dies, A Champion is Born."[6]

First Copa Rio Champion 1951Edit

Copa Rio 1951 Trofee

In January 1951, the Brazilian sports newspaper O Globo Sportivo ran a lead story reporting that FIFA President Jules Rimet would grant unconditional support (then unofficial) to holding a world club championship in Rio de Janeiro.

The first Copa Rio was held in 1951, with the participation of eight squads, divided into two brackets of four teams apiece: Vasco da Gama (Brazil), Austria Vienna (Austria), Nacional (Uruguay), and Sporting Lisbon (Portugal), playing in Rio; and Palmeiras (Brazil), Juventus (Italy), Red Star (Yugoslavia), and Olympique (France) playing in São Paulo. Clubs such as Malmo, Rapid Vienna, Tottenham, Newcastle, Barcelona, Lousanne were invited to participate in the tournament but not interested as Milan and Atletico de Madrid who preferred to participate in the Latin Cup. The importance of the 1951 Copa Rio is linked to the fact that it was the first competition football interclubs with worldwide coverage, having been created even before the Intercontinental Cup. The competition was organised by the Brazilian Sports Confederation, with aid and authorisation from FIFA, and was named for being sponsored by the Rio de Janeiro City Hall. FIFA states that the Palmeiras is de facto the holder of the title of the first World competition between clubs in history.[7] Two editions of Copa Rio took place in Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, Brazil in 1951, Palmeiras, from Brazil, was the winner of the tournament, while Fluminense, also from Brazil and coorganizer of the 1952 event, won this title in 1952. However, according to the FIFA statute, there are official competitions organized by FIFA or at least one of the continental confederations,[8][9][10] so this is not the case of the Copa Rio, officially organized by the Brazilian Federation.[11][12] Palmeiras has requested several times to FIFA an official recognition as club world cup but has not achieved a positive result.[13][14]

In April 2019, FIFA president Gianni Infantino, interviewed by the Brazilian media, reiterated FIFA's perspective that only the winners of the Intercontinental Cup and the Club World Cup are officially world champions:

"We have already decided to give the title of world champion to everyone who has won the Cup between Europe and South America since 1960. 1951 is a little further back".

— Gianni Infantino, FIFA President. Brasilia, 9 April 2019.[15]

"The world title of Palmeiras... For miracles, you have ask another, not me..."

— Gianni Infantino, president of FIFA. Brasilia, 9 April 2019.[16]

The Academy, The Brazilian giantEdit

Ademir da Guia
Luís Pereira (right) at the 1974 FIFA World Cup

In the 1960s, the standard of quality of Palmeiras play – led by the one who would come to symbolize this period of football excellence, Ademir da Guia – led the Palestra Italia team to be called the "Academy" of Brazilian football.

Headed by Filpo Nunes, Palmeiras players won the most important national competition in 1965, the Rio – São Paulo championship, with stand-out performances. Blow-outs against top rivals included seven goals scored against Santos, five against Botafogo in their home stadium of Maracanã, five against São Paulo, and another four scored against Vasco. The title came to Palmeiras in another lopsided victory against Botafogo at Pacaembú Stadium in São Paulo.

That same year, the Brazilian Sports Federation (CBD) used the entire Palmeiras roster to launch Minerão Stadium and represent Brazil in an official national team match against Uruguay for the Inconfidência Cup. The day that it donned the green and white, Palmeiras as Brazil was victorious 3–0 over the Uruguayan blue.

In the previous year, Palmeiras had won the Rio de Janeiro Quadricentennial Cup by beating the Paraguayan national team 5–2 and besting Peñarol of Uruguay in the final.

By the end of the 1960s, Palmeiras won the Copa do Brasil and the Roberto Gomes Pedrosa tournament – the Brazilian Championship equivalent at the time. These victories laid the groundwork for the second Palmeiras Academy, with players like Luís Pereira, Leivinha, Emerson Leão, Dudu and César.

Led by Oswaldo Brandão, the team captured several titles in the 1970s. It was three-time São Paulo State champion – emerging undefeated in one of those tournaments – two-time Brazilian Champion, three-time winner of Spain's Ramón de Carranza Trophy, and winner of Argentina's Mar del Plata Trophy – considered the South American Club Championship.[6]

1980s: The lost decadeEdit

Palmeiras' supporters

Accustomed to victories at the "Academy" in the 1960s and 1970s, Palmeiras fans saw the 1980s come and go without championships or titles. In 1986, Palmeiras fielded a good team – routing Corinthians 5–1 and playing an historic game in the semifinals of the São Paulo State Championship against that same rival, prevailing 3–0. The team had arrived at the final of the State Championship – 10 years after winning its last State title – but lost to Inter de Limeira.

On October 29, 1986, Palmeiras fans adopted the "Pig" as their mascot. At a game against Santos, the rival fans were chanting "pig"; the Palmeiras crowd responded with "Come On Pig!! Come On Pig!! Olé Olé Olé..." and "Go Piiiig...." A few days later, Placar sports magazine popularised the new nickname when it published an issue with Jorginho Putinatti – the symbol of that generation – holding a pig in his lap.

There were two noteworthy events during this decade. In the 1983 State Championship against Santos, referee José de Assis Aragão scored a goal for Palmeiras in the 47th minute of the second half. Striker Jorginho kicked inside the penalty area, the ball was on its way out but it hit Aragão – who was on the goal line about a meter from the goal and went into the Santos net. The game ended in a 2–2 tie – much to the chagrin of Santos.

The second unexpected event occurred on November 11, 1988, when striker Gaúcho defended two penalties against Flamengo in a game for the Brazilian Championship at Maracanã. Gaúcho was put in goal after keeper Zetti broke a leg in the final minutes of the match. The game ended in a tie, and advanced to the penalty shootout phase. During the shootout, Gaúcho stopped two shots, from Aldair and Zinho. To cap off the evening, he scored a penalty himself while wearing the goalkeeper's jersey.


In 1989, Palmeiras had another chance to celebrate a title. Undefeated until the second last match, the team was eliminated when it lost to Bragantino in the semifinals of the São Paulo State Championship. The 1980s ended without significant victories, but the 1990s would make up for that.[6]

The End of the 20th Century – The Greatest in BrazilEdit

Palmeiras found itself in a sixteen-year hiatus without any significant trophies until 1992, when the club signed a sponsorship deal with Italian dairy giant Parmalat. The deal lasted for eight years and quickly turned Palmeiras into Brazil's richest club.

In the 1990s, Palmeiras enjoyed countless achievements, winning numerous important titles. In the first full year of the relationship with Parmalat, the team won the Campeonato Paulista in 1993, beating its biggest rival Corinthians in the final. That same year, it also captured the Rio-São Paulo Championship as well as the Campeonato Brasileiro. The next year, it achieved the unprecedented feat of becoming two-time State Champion and two-time Brazilian Champion.


In 1996 it handily won the Campeonato Paulista, scoring more than 100 goals. Palmeiras also won the Mercosur Cup and the Copa do Brasil, both in 1998.

Featuring players with tremendous technical prowess like Edmundo, Evair, Zinho, Rivaldo, Alex, Marcos and César Sampaio, Palmeiras achieved victory at South America's premier competition, the Copa Libertadores de América in 1999; an accomplishment ranking among the biggest in the club's history.

In 2000, it would also win the Brazilian Champions' Cup, a tournament contested between Brazil's top-level clubs.

Having won key national and international competitions, Palmeiras was proclaimed Brazilian football's Best Team of the 20th Century of Brazil by the São Paulo State Football Federation (FPF), newspapers Folha and Estado de São Paulo, and Placar magazine rankings.[6]

Luiz Felipe Scolari

1999 – Libertadores Cup WinnersEdit

Famous coach Luiz Felipe Scolari led the team to one of the club's most important titles: The 1999 Libertadores Cup. The final match was against Deportivo Cali from Colombia. Important players from that team were World Cup winners Marcos, Zinho and Roque Júnior, as well as Alex, Evair, Paulo Nunes and César Sampaio. In the first leg, in Cali, Deportivo beat Palmeiras 1–0. In the second leg, at Estádio Palestra Itália, Palmeiras beat Deportivo 2–1 and won the competition in the penalty shootout.

In the same year, in Tokyo, Palmeiras disputed Intercontinental Cup, but were defeated in the final by Manchester United of England in what was described as a heartbreaking loss because they played better against the Red Devils.[17] Therefore, the Palmeiras fans still dream of their greatest glory, a Club World Cup by FIFA.


2000 – 4 Finals disputedEdit

In 2000, Palmeiras disputed 4 Final Championship Matches. At first, the team won the Rio-São Paulo Tournament after beating Vasco da Gama in the final. In the first leg, in Rio de Janeiro, Palmeiras beat Vasco 2–1. In the second leg, at Morumbi Stadium, the club from São Paulo beat Vasco 4–0.

The club again reached the Libertadores Cup final, this time against Boca Juniors from Argentina. In the first leg, in Buenos Aires, the game ended 2–2. In the second leg, at Morumbi Stadium, in São Paulo, the game ended 0–0 and Boca won the competition in the penalty shootout.

In the same year, Palmeiras won the Brazilian Champions' Cup after beating Sport Recife in the final. By the end of the year, the club again reached the Mercosur Cup final, losing to Vasco da Gama.

The new millenniumEdit

Parmalat sponsorship ended in 2000 and left the club in dire straits. After a mildly irregular season in 2001, with the biggest achievement being a Libertadores Cup semifinal against Boca Juniors, the club faced its worst year ever in 2002 and was relegated to the Campeonato Brasileiro Série B, which it won in the following year, returning to the Série A in 2004.

Palmeiras against Liga Deportiva Universitaria in 2009

The 2004 and 2005 seasons were rather successful when the team finished in the 4th position in both years, and qualified for the Libertadores Cup in 2005 and 2006. Palmeiras was eliminated by rivals São Paulo in the Round of 16 in both years.

In 2007, Palmeiras had its legend Edmundo playing his last season for the club, and almost achieving one of the top 4 positions in the Série A, failing to do it in the final round of the tournament.

In 2008, Palmeiras made a sponsorship agreement with Traffic, a Sports Marketing Agency. The club made some big investments on new players and also on coach Vanderlei Luxemburgo. This new strategy paid off with the 22nd Paulista Championship, with a 5–0 victory over Ponte Preta in the final's 2nd leg. Palmeiras finished 4th in the Campeonato Brasileiro, which qualified them to the 2009 edition of the Copa Libertadores.

Allianz ParqueEdit

The year of 2008 also marked the beginning of the planning phase for a new stadium for the club, as well as remodeling the social club, to prepare Palmeiras for the club's centenary year in 2014. The planned arena is now Allianz Parque.

In 2009, the club reached the quarterfinals of Copa Libertadores, eventually losing to Uruguayan side Nacional on away goals. In the same season, Palmeiras was close to winning the Brazilian League, but political problems inside the club caused internal turmoil and affected on-field performances, and Palmeiras finished the League in the 5th position.

From 2010 to 2014, Palmeiras played its home matches in the municipal Pacaembu Stadium, as the previous home ground Palestra Itália Stadium was demolished to accommodate the club's new arena, it is now the most technological stadium in Brazil.

Marcos Assunção

2012 Copa do Brasil Undefeated WinnersEdit

In 2012, Palmeiras won the Copa do Brasil for the second time, beating Coritiba in the final.[18] The team, led by coach Luiz Felipe Scolari and captained by midfielder Marcos Assunção, was unbeaten in the championship.

New relegation and new return to eliteEdit

Less than 3 months after winning the Copa do Brasil, Scolari would leave the club that was having poor appearances in the Campeonato Brasileiro. This way, Palmeiras signed with Gilson Kleina,[19] then coach of Ponte Preta, but the team failed to improve its performances in tournament and was relegated to the Campeonato Brasileiro Série B, for the second time since 2002, in its history, after a draw against Flamengo, on November 18, in round 36 of the 2012 Série A.[20]

In 2013, now under the administration of President Paulo Nobre,[21] elected in the end of 2012, and with a campaign with clear superiority in the Série B, Palmeiras was promoted back to the first division with six games to spare, ensuring participation in the Série A of 2014, the year of the club's centenary.

Palmeiras suffered a setback early on in its 2014 centenary season as head coach Kleina was sacked, swiftly followed by the departure of striker Alan Kardec and defender Henrique.[22] Argentinian Ricardo Gareca was signed to coach the team after the break for the World Cup in Brazil, but failed to meet expectations and was sacked after a short spell. Dorival Júnior replaced Gareca until the end of the season, as the club was fighting against relegation. With first goalkeeper Fernando Prass and midfielder Jorge Valdivia both returning from injury, the players led Palmeiras throughout the second turn as the club managed to avoid relegation and finished the League in the 16th position.[23]

2015 reformulation and Copa do Brasil titleEdit

Palmeiras' supporters in Allianz Parque

In 2015, Palmeiras made a big reformulation in the whole club, with the arrival of a new coach and a new football director. The club signed 25 players in the year, as almost every player from the 2014 squad was negotiated, and also promoted several new talents from the club's youth teams. Palmeiras also improved its program of associated fans, the Avanti, increasing the number to 114 thousand associated fans.[24]

The new season was also Palmeiras' first one playing in the newly built home arena, the Allianz Parque, that seats 43,713 fans and consists of fully covered spectator seating, and was inaugurated on November 19, 2014.[25]

Palmeiras reached the Campeonato Paulista finals, which they lost on penalties to rival's Santos.[26]

On June 9, 2015, head coach Oswaldo de Oliveira was sacked by Palmeiras due to a slow start during the Campeonato Brasileiro.[27] On June 10, 2015, Palmeiras reached an agreement with Marcelo Oliveira, recently sacked from Cruzeiro and Brazilian champion of 2013 and 2014.

Palmeiras won the Copa do Brasil for a third time on December 2, 2015. After a 1–0 loss to Santos in the finals first match, the players were received at the stadium by more than forty thousand supporters, as they all watched the second match outside the stadium while thousands were inside the stadium. Palmeiras won the second match 2–1, both goals were scored by Dudu, and secured the trophy on penalties at Allianz Parque, with goalkeeper Fernando Prass saving a penalty and converting the last one. With this title, Palmeiras increased its supremacy as Brazil's greatest champion, with 12 national titles, being 8 League, 1 Brazilian Champions Cup and 3 Copa do Brasil titles.[28] Also, as champions of the 2015 Copa do Brasil, the club secured a place in the 2016 Copa Libertadores group stage.


Palmeiras' supporters in Allianz Parque

On 12 March 2016, Palmeiras reached a verbal agreement with Cuca as the head coach.[29] Palmeiras also signed some key players for the 2016 season which included: Edu Dracena (champions in 2015), Moisés, Roger Guedes, Jean (champion in 2008 with São Paulo FC and 2012 with Fluminense ), Yerry Mina, and Tchê Tchê.

Dudu raises Palmeiras Brazilian Champion trophy in 2016

2016 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A ChampionsEdit

After a dominant year being in first place for 29 rounds, Cuca led Palmeiras to break their 22 years of not winning a national league title. With the help of Gabriel Jesus, the leading goal scorer for Palmeiras, he led the team to win their ninth league title with 12 goals. On 27 November 2016, Palmeiras was guaranteed the title before the 38th round, beating Chapecoense at home 1–0 with a goal from Fabiano in the 26'.[30] With the presence of 40,986 attendees, they broke the old record attendance of 40,035 which was when Palmeiras played against Santos on 12 July 2016.

Deca Campeão of Série A (10th championship)Edit

On 25 November 2018, Palmeiras clinched its 10th Campeonato Brasileiro title after defeating Vasco 1–0 in Rio de Janeiro, making it the club with the most domestic titles in Brazil. On 2 December 2018, Palmeiras played their last season game in front of a record-breaking 41,216 crowd, which included Brazil's 38th president Jair Bolsonaro. With the win over Vitória 3–2, Palmeiras set a new Campeonato Brasileiro record for the longest undefeated streak (23 matches).[31]


Estádio Palestra Itália (1917–2010)Edit

Estádio Palestra Itália was home of Palmeiras from 1917 to 2010. The venue was also known as Parque Antártica because the area was a park built by the Antarctica Paulista Brewing Company in the beginning of the last century, before being acquired by Palmeiras in 1920. In the past its capacity was listed as 35,000 spectators. However, even though its grandstands were extended in the late 1990s, it held only seats 27,640 people[32] due to regulations which enforce safety and comfort.

Estádio Palestra Itália in 2010

It was one of the most important Brazilian grounds, considering the amount of decisive and important matches played there. Examples of matches played in Palestra Itália include 1999 Copa Libertadores final, the Copa Mercosur finals of 1998, 1999 and 2000, 1996 Copa do Brasil final and several Campeonato Paulista finals.

The last official match played in the stadium was against Grêmio for the Série A on May 22, 2010, and the last match played was a friendly against Boca Juniors on July 9, 2010.

Allianz Parque (2014–present)Edit

External view

Opened in November 2014, the Allianz Parque has 43,713 covered seats, being 25,395 lower seats, 14,888 upper seats and 3,430 in the cabins.[1] The stadium was built for multipurpose events. Many other facilities are in place, including an enhanced parking area, a VIP area, a media center for up to 1,000 media members, 3 restaurants and bars and an heliport. The first official game at Allianz Parque was held on November 19, 2014, between Palmeiras and Sport in the Brazilian Série A, when hosts Palmeiras lost to Sport Recife 0–2. The first official goal of the stadium was scored by Ananias.

On 14 June 2015, Palmeiras won their first Brasileirão match in Allianz Parque with a 2–1 win over Fluminense.

Average home attendances per seasonEdit

Palmeiras' average attendances per year in Campeonato Brasileiro Série AEdit
Year Avg. Att. Year Avg. Att.
2007 17,730 2017 29,912
2008 16,784 2018 32,690
2009 18,467 2019 28,437
2010 11,082
2011 12,728
2012 12,073
2013 *
2014 19,947
2015 29,454[33]
2016 32,684[34]

(*) Information not available.

  • 1 As of 27 November 2017.
  • 1 Source: World Football[35]
Palmeiras's average attendances per year in Copa LibertadoresEdit
Year Attendance Year Attendance
1968 29,724 2001 30,000
1971 30,756 2005 22,000
1973 29,221 2006 28,000
1974 23,667 2009 22,881
1979 44,978 2013 29,540
1994 11,603 2016 34,530
1995 13,679 2017 38,158
1999 24,015 2018 34,011
2000 45,238 2019 32,685


Palmeiras' first kit consisted of green jerseys, white shorts and green socks. Palmeiras' first jersey was blue jersey tribute to Italian National team. After that, a green with a horizontal white band, and a white with a red Savoy cross as the crest.[36] Palmeiras have played in blue shirts many times as a tribute to the Italian National Team. Their supporters are also well known for creating the mancha verde (green stain) of fog and smoke when Palmeiras is entering the pitch.

From 2007 to 2009 Palmeiras used a third jersey: a light yellow shirt with a dark green shorts and socks, one of the most successful and best sellers from Adidas.

In 2010 Palmeiras the light yellow jersey became the second jersey, and started using a blue and white shirt, with white shorts, for their third jersey.

In 2016, Palmeiras announced the extension of the sponsorship agreement with Crefisa and FAM (Faculdade das Américas), which will now have exclusivity in the uniform of Palmeiras. The two companies, which are part of the same group controlled by the couple José Roberto Lamacchia and Leila Pereira, will pay Palmeiras around R$78 million ($20 million) a year, the highest amount ever deposited by a partner in the history of Palmeiras. The uniform will be the most valuable uniform in the Campeonato Brasileiro.[37]

Manufacturer and sponsorsEdit

Crefisa, a Brazilian bank, announced it would sponsor Palmeiras for the 2015 season.[38] After their success in the 2016 Campeonato Brasileiro, Crefisa announced it would increase fundings to R$90 million.[39]

Period Kit manufacturer Shirt partner
1977–1986 Adidas None
1987–1988 Agip
1989–1992 Coca-Cola
1993–1995 Rhummell Parmalat
1996–1999 Reebok
1999–2000 Rhummell
2001–2002 Pirelli
2002–2005 Diadora
2006–2007 Adidas
2008 FIAT
2009–2010 Samsung
2010–2012 FIAT
2012–2013 KIA
2013–2014 None
2015–2018 Crefisa[40]
2019–present Puma

Kit dealsEdit

Kit Supplier Period Contract Announcement Contract duration Value Notes
Adidas January 2006 - December 2018 2005-09-13 2006-2008(first period)[41]

2009-2011(second period)[42]

2012-2014(third period)

2015-2016(fourth period)[43]

2017-2018(fifth period)[44]

$1.5 million per year(2006-2008)

$4.0 million per year(2009-2011)

$5.6 million per year(2012-2014)

$5.7 million per year(2015-2016)

$6.2 million per year(2017-2018)

Kit supplier Period Contract
Value Notes
1 January 2019 – 31 December 2021 (3 years)[45] $7.5 million per year[46]


Palmeiras' supporters in Estádio Palestra Itália

Originally, Palmeiras was a club heavily supported by Brazilians of Italian descent. Over time, that distinction has reduced, and today the fan base is very diverse.

Palmeiras' largest organizadas groups are the Mancha Alvi-Verde (White and Green Stain, a green version of Phantom Blot), TUP (the oldest ultra group), Acadêmicos da Savóia, among others.

Palmeiras against Corinthians in 2010



Palmeiras' biggest rival is Corinthians. The rivalry between the two clubs is considered São Paulo's greatest, and the most intense in Brazil, and their matches are known as the Paulista Derby. Palmeiras was featured heavily in the film O Casamento de Romeu e Julieta where the rivalry between Palmeiras and Corinthians played a major role in the plot.

São PauloEdit

São Paulo FC is another major local rival; the games between the two clubs are called the Choque-Rei (King Clash).


Santos FC is another major rival; the games between the two clubs are called the Clássico da Saudade (The Good Times Classic). Located in the city of the same name, only 76 km (47,5 mi) from São Paulo, Santos is also one of the 4 big clubs of the state.

Official mascotEdit

The club's official mascots are a green parakeet, named Periquito, and a pig, named Gobatto.[47]

During the late 1960s, fans of Palmeiras' biggest rivals Corinthians would mockingly refer to the team as "Pig", (Porco in Portuguese, a slur used by the elite directed to Italians or Italo-Brazilians residing in São Paulo) and soon after, other teams followed.

In 1986, at the Campeonato Paulista playoffs, supporters adopted the pig like their mascot.[48] Although the parakeet is the official mascot, fans will refer to and yell: "PORCO!" (Pig) enthusiastically during matches, as the pig became their preferred mascot.

On November 6, 2016, Palmeiras incorporated the pig as one of the official mascots of the club.


Palmeiras flag

Palmeiras's anthem was composed in 1949 by conductor Antonio Sergi. Sergi also wrote the lyrics for the anthem, but did that under the pseudonym Gennaro Rodrigues.[49]

Quando surge o alviverde imponente
(When the imposing white-green emerges)
No gramado em que a luta o aguarda
(On the pitch where battle awaits)
Sabe bem o que vem pela frente
(Aware of what lies before it)
Que a dureza do prélio não tarda
(That the struggle of the game is approaching)

E o Palmeiras no ardor da partida
(And Palmeiras, in the heat of the match)
Transformando a lealdade em padrão
(Making loyalty its norm)
Sabe sempre levar de vencida
(Always knows how to emerge victorious)
E mostrar que de fato é campeão
(And show that it's indeed the champion)

Defesa que ninguém passa
(Impenetrable defense)
Linha atacante de raça
(Vigorous attacking line)
Torcida que canta e vibra
(Singing, cheering supporters)

Por nosso alviverde inteiro
(For our white-green as a whole)
Que sabe ser brasileiro
(That knows how to be Brazilian)
Ostentando a sua fibra
(Boasting its fiber)


First-team squadEdit

As of March 19st, 2020.[50]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1   GK Weverton
2   DF Marcos Rocha
3   DF Emerson Santos
4   DF Vitor Hugo
5   MF Patrick de Paula
6   DF Diogo Barbosa
7   FW Dudu
8   MF Zé Rafael
9   FW Luan Silva (on loan from Vitória)
10   FW Luiz Adriano
11   FW Rony
12   DF Mayke
13   DF Luan
14   MF Gustavo Scarpa
15   DF Gustavo Gómez (on loan from A.C. Milan)
No. Position Player
16   DF Lucas Esteves
17   DF Matías Viña
18   MF Ramires
19   MF Bruno Henrique (vice-captain)
20   MF Lucas Lima
21   FW Wesley
23   MF Raphael Veiga
25   MF Gabriel Menino
26   DF Victor Luis
27   FW Gabriel Veron
28   MF Alan
29   FW Willian (3rd captain)
30   MF Felipe Melo (captain)
42   GK Jailson
72   GK Vinicius Silvestre


Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
  MF Alejandro Guerra
No. Position Player
  FW Papagaio

On loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
  DF Antônio Carlos (at Orlando City until 31 December 2020)
  DF Fabiano (at Boavista until 30 June 2020)
  DF Pedrão (at Athletico Paranaense until 31 December 2020)
  DF Juninho (at Bahia until 31 December 2021)
  MF Agustín Allione (at Central Córdoba until 31 July 2020)
  MF Gabriel Furtado (at Vitória until 31 December 2020)
  MF Hyoran (at Atlético Mineiro until 31 December 2020)
  MF Jean (at Cruzeiro until 31 December 2020)
  MF Matheus Fernandes (at Real Valladolid until 30 June 2020)
  MF Matheus Neris (at Inter de Limeira until 30 April 2020)
  MF Matheus Sales (at Coritiba until 31 December 2020)
No. Position Player
  MF Vitinho (at Bragantino until 15 April 2020)
  FW Arthur Cabral (at Basel until 30 June 2020)
  FW Carlos Eduardo (at Athletico Paranaense until 31 December 2022)
  FW Gabriel Barbosa (at Londrina until 31 December 2020)
  FW Deyverson (at Getafe until 30 June 2020)
  FW Erik (at Yokohama F. Marinos until 31 December 2020)
  FW Iván Angulo (at Cruzeiro until 31 December 2020)
  FW Léo Passos (at América-MG until 31 December 2022)
  FW Miguel Borja (at Atlético Junior until 31 December 2020)
  FW Yan (at Sport until 31 December 2020)

Notable playersEdit


Current staffEdit

Position Staff
Head coach Vanderlei Luxemburgo
Assistant manager Andrey Lopes
Maurício Copertino
Fitness coordinator Antônio Mello
Goalkeeping coach Oscar Rodriguez
Thales Damasceno
Performance analysts Rafael Costa
Gustavo Nicoline
Medical coordinator Gustavo Magliocca
Scientific coordinator Daniel Gonçalves
Physiotherapy coordinator Fred Manhães
Physiology coordinator Thiago Santi
In house doctors Gilberto Cunha
Guilherme Dida
Pedro Pontin
Medical Imaging André Yamada
Physiotherapists Marcelo Gondo
Robson Almeida
Rodrigo Alencar
Leonardo Alcântara
Fitness coaches Marco Aurélio Schiavo
Thiago Maldonado
Physiologists Rudy Pracidelli
Vinicius Ponzio
Nutritionists Mirtes Stancanelli
Dentist Vitor Ugo Salvoni
Massagists Serginho
Nurse Daniel Lima
Podiatrist Edson Silva

Last updated: 08 January 2020
Source: Palmeiras


The club associates congregate in a general assembly every four years to elect the seventy-six members of the Conselho Deliberativo (Deliberating Council)[51] who in their turn chose amongst them a president for a two-year mandate.[52] As of 2006 the president can only be re-elected once.[53]

These are all Palmeiras presidents since the club's foundation:[54][55]

Name Years
Ezequiel Simone 1914
Leonardo Pareto 1915
Augo Vaccaro 1915
Ludovico Bacchiani 1916
Guido Farti 1917
Dulio Frugoli 1918
Valentino Sola 1918
Menotti Falchi 1919–1920
David Pichetti 1921–1922
Francisco De Vivo 1923–1924
Giuseppe Perrone 1925–1927
Eduardo Matarazzo 1928–1931
Name Years
Dante Delmanto 1932–1934
Raphael Parisi 1934–1938
Ítalo Adami 1939–1940
Enrico de Martino 1939–1940
João Minervino 1939–1940
Ítalo Adami 1941–1944
Francisco Patti 1945–1946
Higino Pellegrini 1947–1948
Ferrúcio Sandoli 1949–1950
Mário Frugiuelle 1951–1952
Pascoal Walter Byron Giuliano 1953–1954
Mário Beni 1955–1958
Delfino Facchina 1959–1970
Paschoal Walter Byron Giuliano 1971–1976
Name Years
Jordão Bruno Sacomani 1977–1978
Brício Pompeu Toledo 1977–1978
Delfino Facchina 1979–1980
Brício Pompeu Toledo 1981–1982
Paschoal Walter Byron Giuliano 1983–1984
Nélson Tadini Duque 1985–1988
Carlos Bernardo Facchina Nunes 1989–1992
Mustafá Contursi Goffar Majzoub 1993–2005
Afonso Della Monica Netto 2005–2009
Luiz Gonzaga de Mello Belluzzo 2009–2011
Arnaldo Tirone 2011–2012
Paulo Nobre[56] 2013–2016
Mauricio Galiotte[57] 2016–


Top scorersEdit


These are Palmeiras's top scorers since its foundation (data as of 1 February 2016):

# Name Goals Years
1   Heitor 327 1916–31
2   César Maluco 180 1967–74
3   Ademir da Guia 153 1961–77
4   Lima 149 1938–54
5   Servílio 140 1963–68
6   Evair 127 1991–94, 1999
7   Humberto 126 1953–58, 1960–61
8   Rodrigues 125 1950–55
9   Luizinho 123 1935–41
10   Tupãzinho 122 1963–68

Leading goalscorers in the National League, by seasonEdit

Player Goals
1993   Edmundo 11
1994   Evair
1995   Edílson 10
1996   Djalminha 12
1997   Oséas 11
1998   Oséas 15
1999   Evair
  Paulo Nunes
2000   Tuta 9
2001   Lopes 8
2002   Francisco Arce 9
2003   Vágner Love 19
2004   Osmar 11
2005   Marcinho 18
2006   Edmundo
  Paulo Baier
2007   Caio 9
2008   Alex Mineiro 18
2009   Obina 12
2010   Kleber 8
2011   Luan 9
2012   Hernán Barcos 14
2013   Alan Kardec 14
2014   Henrique 16
2015   Dudu 10
2016   Gabriel Jesus 12
2017   Dudu 9
2018   Willian 10
2019   Bruno Henrique 10


The following information is a list of all the honours of Palmeiras since the club was founded.[58]

Palmeiras' former Hall of Trophies
Palmeiras' former Hall of Trophies (other vision)


Campeonato Brasileiro Série A

Copa do Brasil

Copa dos Campeões

  • Champions: 2000

Campeonato Brasileiro Série B

Torneio Rio-São Paulo[a]

  • Champions (5): 1933, 1951, 1965, 1993, 2000

Campeonato Paulista

  • Champions (24): 1920, 1926, 1926 (extra[b]), 1927, 1932, 1933, 1934, 1936, 1938 (extra[c]), 1940, 1942, 1944, 1947, 1950, 1959 (super-championship[d]), 1963, 1966, 1972, 1974, 1976, 1993, 1994, 1996, 2008


Copa Libertadores

Copa Mercosul


Copa Rio (unofficial)[60][61][62][63][64]


* 1978 Kirin Cup Shared with Borussia Mönchengladbach.


Palmeiras B TeamEdit

For many years, Palmeiras had a "second" team that played in the lower divisions of the Paulista Championship. The team was dissolved at the end of the Paulista 2013.

Other sportsEdit

Palmeiras has athletic departments in many sports, such as aikido, athletics, archery, boxing, american football, futsal, judo, karate, taekwondo, tennis, volleyball and weightlifting . The club has also a victorious tradition in rink hockey and basketball. Palmeiras has in it history 2 Brazilian Roller Hockey National Championships, being one of the main teams from São Paulo.

Basketball teamEdit

Leandro Barbosa and Oscar Schmidt, two of the best Brazilian basketball players of all time, started their careers at Palmeiras.


  1. ^ Prior to 1959, the Torneio Rio-São Paulo was the largest national tournament in Brazil.[59]
  2. ^ The APEA organized a second shorter tournament in September to fill the long period of inactivity before the following season.
  3. ^ The LFESP organized a second shorter edition of the 1938 Paulistão to fill the nearly six month interruption of the tournament due to the World Cup.
  4. ^ Palmeiras defeated Pelé's Santos in a playoff after being level on points through 38 matches.


  1. ^ a b "Laudo de Engenharia - Allianz Parque" (PDF). WTorre Engenharia. October 29, 2014. Retrieved July 19, 2015.
  2. ^ "Os clubes brasileiros com mais sócios-torcedores" (in Portuguese). 90min. September 30, 2016.
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b c d e f
  7. ^ "Ao, explicação da entidade que comanda o futebol é de que Copa Rio tem nível mundial, mas é diferente dos torneios organizados depois de 2000". (in Portuguese). August 11, 2014.
  8. ^ For FIFA statute, official competitions are those for representative teams organized by FIFA or any confederation. Representative teams are usually national teams but also club teams that represent a confederation. cfr. "FIFA Statutes, April 2016 edition" (PDF). p. 5. cfr. "FIFA Club World Cup UAE 2018: Statistical-kit" (PDF). December 10, 2018. p. 13.
  9. ^ In accordance with the regulations integrated in the FIFA Statute, official competitions for club teams can be defined as those organized under the auspices of FIFA, confederations and member associations, or authorized by them, excluding friendly matches and test matches; say the confederal and interconfederal cups (arranged by FIFA or confederations), the championships and the national cups (arranged by member associations). cfr. "LAWS OF THE GAME 2015/16" (PDF). p. 18. cfr. "REGULATIONS on the Status and Transfer of Players 2016" (PDF). p. 5. cfr. Fédération Internationale de Football Association (ed.). "FIFA Governance Regulations (FGR) 2016" (PDF). pp. 6–7, 9–11. cfr. "Regulations Governing International Matches" (PDF). p. 15, 25. cfr. "FIFA Statutes, April 2016 edition" (PDF). pp. 5, 19–21, 33–35, 37, 44, 74. cfr. "FIFA ignora Taça Latina do Benfica, FC Porto é o clube português com mais títulos" (in Portuguese). May 25, 2011. Archived from the original on June 16, 2015. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  10. ^ Until 1955 FIFA limited itself to authorizing the creation of international competitions for clubs only if they were organized by at least two member associations. From 1955 he assigned the confederations the exclusive right to organize competitions deemed official. cfr. Union des Associations Européennes de Football (October 2004). "50 years of the European Cup" (PDF). pp. 7–9.
  11. ^ "65 anos da Copa Rio de 1951: lembre 14 fatos e curiosidades do Mundial do Palmeiras". (in Portuguese).
  12. ^ "COPA RIO - TORNEIO INTERNACIONAL DE CAMPEÕES". (in Portuguese), 02/22/2015.
  13. ^ "Palmeiras pediu ajuda da Conmebol para reconhecer 1951 como Mundial". SPORTS (in Portuguese). June 15, 2018.
  14. ^ "Ao, explicação da entidade que comanda o futebol é de que Copa Rio tem nível mundial, mas é diferente dos torneios organizados depois de 2000". (in Portuguese). August 11, 2014.
  15. ^, ed. (April 10, 2019). "Em encontro com Bolsonaro em Brasília, presidente da Fifa reafirma não reconhecer Flu e Palmeiras como campeões mundiais" (in Portuguese).
  16. ^, ed. (April 10, 2019). "Para milagres, pergunte a outro, diz Infantino sobre mundial do Palmeiras" (in Portuguese).
  17. ^ "Há 15 anos, Palmeiras jogava melhor que o Manchester United, mas perdia o título Mundial - Trivela". November 30, 2014.
  18. ^ "Paraíso Verde! Na Bola Parada, Palmeiras É Bi da Copa do Brasil". Globo Esporte.
  19. ^ "Esportes - Futebol, UFC, F1, Campeonatos do Brasil e do Mundo - msn". Archived from the original on September 25, 2012. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  20. ^ "Love marca no fim e determina rebaixamento do Palmeiras". Gazetaesportiva.Net. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  21. ^ "Eleito presidente do Palmeiras, Nobre afirma: 'Não sou salvador da pátria". Globo Esporte.
  22. ^ "Alan Kardec deixa Palmeiras e acerta com rival São Paulo, revela Paulo Nobre". O DIA.
  23. ^ Downie, Andrew (August 26, 2014). "Palmeiras mark centenary amid relegation fears". Reuters. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
  24. ^ "Avanti atinge 50 mil sócios em 2015 e fica próximo de bater recorde do Flamengo". SE Palmeiras.
  25. ^ "Palmeiras leva gol de "ex" e decepciona 1ª no Allianz Parque". Terra. Archived from the original on February 7, 2016. Retrieved February 6, 2016.
  26. ^ "Santos vence Palmeiras nos pênaltis e é campeão paulista". Terra. Archived from the original on February 6, 2016. Retrieved February 6, 2016.
  27. ^ "Palmeiras demite Oswaldo de Oliveira". Globo Esporte.
  28. ^ "Palmeiras chega a 11 títulos e se isola como maior campeão nacional". Federação Paulista de Futebol (FPF). Archived from the original on February 7, 2016. Retrieved February 6, 2016.
  29. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 22, 2016. Retrieved November 21, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  30. ^ "Palmeiras vence a Chapecoense e garante o título do Campeonato Brasileiro" (in Portuguese). A Razao. November 27, 2016. Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
  31. ^ "Com Bolsonaro na arquibancada, Palmeiras vence Vitória" (in Portuguese). Veja. December 2, 2018. Archived from the original on December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 2, 2018.
  32. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 29, 2010. Retrieved January 3, 2008.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link). 'Federação Paulista de Futebol, article "Estádio_Palestra_Itália". Accessed on January 3, 2008.
  33. ^ "Palmeiras attendance in 2015" (in Portuguese). Retrieved January 18, 2016.
  34. ^ "Série A 2016 Attendance". Retrieved November 27, 2017.
  35. ^ "Série A 2015 » Attendance » Home matches". Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  36. ^ Almanaque do Futebol Paulista 2000, by José Jorge Farah Neto and Rodolfo Kussarev Jr., published by Editora Panini Brasil and A Bola da Bola, page 414.
  37. ^ Palmeiras renews sponsorship
  38. ^ "Novo chapéu? Palmeiras supera São Paulo e fecha com Crefisa". Terra. Archived from the original on January 24, 2015. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
  40. ^ "Presidente da Crefisa comemora sucesso da parceria" (in Portuguese). Retrieved July 17, 2015.
  41. ^ "Palmeiras assina contrato com a Adidas - Esportes". Estadão (in Portuguese). Retrieved December 22, 2019.
  42. ^ Paulinho (October 14, 2008). "Palmeiras renova com Adidas". Blog do Paulinho (in Portuguese). Retrieved December 22, 2019.
  43. ^ "Palmeiras renova contrato com Adidas por dois anos". VerdaoWeb.Com.Br (in Portuguese). Retrieved December 22, 2019.
  44. ^ "Adidas fica na camisa do Palmeiras até dezembro de 2018 e garante mais cerca de R$ 40 milhões | Blogs". ESPN (in Portuguese). Retrieved December 22, 2019.
  45. ^ Palmeiras ink kit supply deal with Puma
  46. ^ Palmeiras and PUMA officialise partnership
  47. ^
  48. ^ "Palmeiras" (in Portuguese). Pelé.net. Retrieved September 28, 2008.
  49. ^ "Hino do Palmeiras". Letras.
  50. ^ "Elenco de Futebol Profissional" (in Portuguese). Retrieved April 29, 2016.
  51. ^ Estatuto da Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras (club statute), art. 52.
  52. ^ Estatuto da Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras (club statute), art. 83.
  53. ^ Estatuto da Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras (club statute), art. 113.
  54. ^ Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras official records and meeting minutes
  55. ^ [1][permanent dead link]. Terra, Chapter "Palmeiras Minha Vida", article "Presidentes do Palmeiras". Accessed on December 24, 2007.
  56. ^ [2]. Globo Esporte, article "Eleito presidente do Palmeiras, Nobre afirma: 'Não sou salvador da pátria'". Accessed on January 21, 2013.
  57. ^ [3]. Globo Esporte, article "Novo presidente, Galiotte quer que Cuca continue no Palmeiras em 2017'". Accessed on November 26, 2016.
  58. ^ "Galeria de Títulos". SE Palmeiras. 2015. Retrieved February 2, 2017.
  59. ^ "Torneio Rio-São Paulo, 75 anos". 2008. Retrieved February 7, 2019.
  60. ^ Official competitions are those recognized as valid by an organization and not only organized by it, in fact Conmebol includes in its list of official competitions the Club World Cup that is fully organized by FIFA but not the Copa Rio. "Las competiciones oficiales de la CONMEBOL". CONMEBOL.
  61. ^ For FIFA statute, official competitions are those for representative teams organized by FIFA or any confederation. Representative teams are usually national teams but also club teams that represent a confederation in the interconfederal competitions or a member association in a continental competition. This is not the case of Copa Rio organized by Brazilian federation. cfr. "FIFA Statutes, April 2016 edition" (PDF). p. 5. cfr. "FIFA Club World Cup UAE 2018: Statistical-kit" (PDF). December 10, 2018. p. 13. cfr. "2018/19 UEFA Champions League regulations" (PDF). p. 10.
  62. ^ In accordance with the regulations integrated in the FIFA Statute, official competitions for club teams can be defined as those organized under the auspices of FIFA, confederations and member associations, or authorized by them, excluding friendly matches and test matches; say the confederal and interconfederal cups (arranged by FIFA or confederations), the championships and the national cups (arranged by member associations). cfr. "LAWS OF THE GAME 2015/16" (PDF). p. 18. cfr. "REGULATIONS on the Status and Transfer of Players 2016" (PDF). p. 5. cfr. Fédération Internationale de Football Association (ed.). "FIFA Governance Regulations (FGR) 2016" (PDF). pp. 6–7, 9–11. cfr. "Regulations Governing International Matches" (PDF). p. 15, 25. cfr. "FIFA Statutes, April 2016 edition" (PDF). pp. 5, 19–21, 33–35, 37, 44, 74. cfr. "FIFA ignora Taça Latina do Benfica, FC Porto é o clube português com mais títulos" (in Portuguese). May 25, 2011. Archived from the original on June 16, 2015. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  63. ^ Until 1955 FIFA limited itself to authorizing the creation of international competitions for clubs only if they were organized by at least two member associations. From 1955 he assigned the confederations the exclusive right to organize competitions deemed official. cfr. Union des Associations Européennes de Football (October 2004). "50 years of the European Cup" (PDF). pp. 7–9.
  64. ^ "FIFA ignora Taça Latina do Benfica, FC Porto é o clube português com mais títulos" (in Portuguese). May 25, 2011. Archived from the original on June 16, 2015. Retrieved June 18, 2019.

External linksEdit