Palatinate-Neuburg (German: Herzogtum Pfalz-Neuburg) was a territory of the Holy Roman Empire, founded in 1505 by a branch of the House of Wittelsbach. Its capital was Neuburg an der Donau. Its area was about 2,750 km², with a population of some 100,000.

Duchy of Palatinate-Neuburg
Herzogtum Pfalz-Neuburg (German)
Flag of Palatinate-Neuburg
Coat of arms (1609–1685) of Palatinate-Neuburg
Coat of arms
Neuburg Castle
StatusState of the Holy Roman Empire (until 1806)
CapitalNeuburg an der Donau
Common languagesAustro-Bavarian

Counts Palatine were Roman Catholic until 1541, then Lutheran until 1614, then again Roman Catholic since 1614.
Count Palatine 
• 1505–57
Otto Henry
• 1557–69
• 1653–90
Philip William
• 1742–99
Charles Theodore
Historical eraMiddle Ages
30 July 1505
• In personal union with the Electorate of the Palatinate
• Ceded to Zweibrücken
• Sulzbach separated
• Merged with the Electorate of the Palatinate
• Disestablished
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Electoral Palatinate

History edit

The Duchy of Palatinate-Neuburg was created in 1505 as the result of the Landshut War of Succession and existed until 1799 or 1808. After the so-called Kölner Spruch (Verdict of Cologne) the duchy was created from the territories north of the Danube for Otto Henry and Philipp, the sons of Ruprecht of the Palatinate. While they were minors, their grandfather Philip, Elector Palatine, ruled the duchy until his death in 1508, followed by Elector Frederick II. In 1541, Count Palatine Otto Henry converted to Lutheranism and his palace chapel at Neuburg Castle was the first newly built Protestant church of all, consecrated on 25 April 1543 by the reformed theologian Andreas Osiander.

In 1556, Otto Henry became the Elector Palatine and the next year ceded his duchy (the so-called Young Palatinate) to Wolfgang, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken. The eldest son of Wolfgang, Philipp Louis, founded in 1569 the elder line of Palatine Zweibrücken-Neuburg, from which the Palatine Sulzbach lineage was separated in 1614.

Palatinate-Neuburg joined the Protestant Union in 1608. In 1800, the duchy was invaded by France and on June 26, 1800, the Habsburg, Württemberg and Bavarian armies fought a battle there. After fighting for most of a day, the Coalition armies withdrew. Neuburg was occupied by the French, and General Ney established his headquarters in the castle there.[1]

The Duchy of Palatinate-Neuburg was abolished in 1808. In the partition of Bavaria in 1837, Palatinate-Neuburg was joined with Swabia but became a part of Upper Bavaria in the 1970s.

Dukes of Palatinate-Neuburg edit

House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Neuburg edit

With the death of Elector Charles Philip in 1742 all his territories including the state of Palatinate-Neuburg passed to the Palatinate-Sulzbach line of the Wittelsbach dynasty. Charles Theodor of the Sulzbach line was a descendant of Augustus, Count Palatine of Sulzbach, a brother of Wolfgang Wilhelm.

House of Palatinate-Sulzbach edit

House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld edit

Gallery edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Marceau, p 105.[full citation needed]

48°44′N 11°11′E / 48.733°N 11.183°E / 48.733; 11.183