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Palam is a major suburb and residential colony in South West Delhi. The Indira Gandhi International Airport, formerly known as Palam Airport, the main airport of National Capital Region is situated here. It is one of 70 Vidhan Sabha constituencies of the Delhi National Capital Territory in northern India.

Palam

पालम
Suburb
Palam is located in Delhi
Palam
Palam
Location in Delhi
Coordinates: 28°35′21″N 77°5′9″E / 28.58917°N 77.08583°E / 28.58917; 77.08583Coordinates: 28°35′21″N 77°5′9″E / 28.58917°N 77.08583°E / 28.58917; 77.08583
CountryIndia
StateDelhi
DistrictSouth West Delhi
Government
 • BodyDDA
Population
 (2011)
 • Total200,000 - Including Village and Cooperative Housing societies
Languages
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
110045
Telephone code011
Lok Sabha constituencySouth Delhi
Vidhan Sabha constituencyPalam
Civic agencyDDA

Dada dev mandir was built in 7th century by Solanki king

Contents

HistoryEdit

Palam finds reference in the Persian Sarcastic verse, Sultanat-e-Shah-e-Alam, Az Dilli ta Palam,[1][2][3] meaning 'The dominion of Emperor Shah Alam, begins from Delhi and ends at Palam'. This indicates that Palam existed during the rule of Mughal Empire in India.

GeographyEdit

Palam is Situated 20 km Southwest to the New Delhi City Centre.[4] It is Surrounded by Dwarka, Janakpuri and Delhi Cantt. Palam comes in the Dwarka Sub-division of South West Delhi District.[5]

Government and politicsEdit

Palam lies in the South Delhi Lok Sabha constituency[6] from where Ramesh Bidhuri from BJP is the MP.[7] In Delhi Legislative Assembly Bhavna Gaur from AAP is the MLA from Palam. The complete Palam area consisting of wards Mahavir Enclave (147), Mangla puri (130), Palam (145), Rajnagar (142) and Sadh Nagar (146) comes in the Najafgarh zone of the South Delhi Municipal Corporation.[8]

ClimateEdit

Palam features an atypical version of the humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa). The warm season lasts from 9 April to 8 July, with an average daily high temperature above 36 °C (97 °F). The hottest day of the year is 22 May, with an average high of 38 °C (100 °F) and low of 25 °C (77 °F).[9] The cold season lasts from 11 December to 11 February with an average daily high temperature below 18 °C (64 °F). The coldest day of the year is 4 January, with an average low of 2 °C (36 °F) and high of 15 °C (59 °F).[9] In early March, the wind direction changes from north-westerly to south-westerly. From April to October the weather is hot. The monsoon arrives at the end of June, along with an increase in humidity.[10] The brief, mild winter starts in late November, peaks in January and heavy fog often occurs.[11]

Temperatures in Palam usually range from 5 to 40 °C (41.0 to 104.0 °F), with the lowest and highest temperatures ever recorded being −2.2 and 48.4 °C (28.0 and 119.1 °F) respectively.[12][13] The annual mean temperature is 25 °C (77 °F); monthly mean temperatures range from 13 to 32 °C (55 to 90 °F). The highest temperature recorded in July was 45 °C (113 °F) in 1931.[14][15] The average annual rainfall is approximately 714 mm (28.1 in), most of which falls during the monsoon in July and August.[16] The average date of the advent of monsoon winds in Palam is 29 June.[17]

Climate data for Delhi (Safdarjung) 1971–1990
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 30.0
(86.0)
34.1
(93.4)
40.6
(105.1)
45.6
(114.1)
47.2
(117.0)
48.0
(118.4)
45.0
(113.0)
42.0
(107.6)
40.6
(105.1)
39.4
(102.9)
36.1
(97.0)
29.3
(84.7)
47.2
(117.0)
Average high °C (°F) 21.0
(69.8)
23.5
(74.3)
29.2
(84.6)
36.0
(96.8)
39.2
(102.6)
38.8
(101.8)
34.7
(94.5)
33.6
(92.5)
34.2
(93.6)
33.0
(91.4)
28.3
(82.9)
22.9
(73.2)
31.2
(88.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 14.3
(57.7)
16.8
(62.2)
22.3
(72.1)
28.8
(83.8)
32.5
(90.5)
33.4
(92.1)
30.8
(87.4)
30.0
(86.0)
29.5
(85.1)
26.3
(79.3)
20.8
(69.4)
15.7
(60.3)
25.1
(77.2)
Average low °C (°F) 7.6
(45.7)
10.1
(50.2)
15.3
(59.5)
21.6
(70.9)
25.9
(78.6)
27.8
(82.0)
26.8
(80.2)
26.3
(79.3)
24.7
(76.5)
19.6
(67.3)
13.2
(55.8)
8.5
(47.3)
19.0
(66.2)
Record low °C (°F) −0.6
(30.9)
1.6
(34.9)
4.4
(39.9)
10.7
(51.3)
15.2
(59.4)
18.9
(66.0)
20.3
(68.5)
20.7
(69.3)
17.3
(63.1)
9.4
(48.9)
3.9
(39.0)
1.1
(34.0)
−0.6
(30.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 19
(0.7)
20
(0.8)
15
(0.6)
21
(0.8)
25
(1.0)
70
(2.8)
237
(9.3)
235
(9.3)
113
(4.4)
17
(0.7)
9
(0.4)
9
(0.4)
790
(31.1)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 1.7 2.5 2.5 2.0 2.8 5.5 13.0 12.1 5.7 1.7 0.6 1.6 51.7
Average relative humidity (%) 63 55 47 34 33 46 70 73 62 52 55 62 54
Mean monthly sunshine hours 214.6 216.1 239.1 261.0 263.1 196.5 165.9 177.0 219.0 269.3 247.2 215.8 2,684.6
Source #1: NOAA[18]
Source #2: Indian Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)[19]


EconomyEdit

 
Ram Chowk Market

Ram Chowk is one of the primary markets in Palam, with over 1,000 shops. Many shops are on the main road, including Dada Chattri Wala Marg, Shere Punjab Dhaba, Mor Mukut Restaurant, Food Junction, Domino's under Palam-Dwarka Flyover as well as in Mahavir Enclave, Pizza Hut in Mahavir Enclave, Jab We Met, Mukesh Ande Wala, Rajeev Famous Omelette, Badi Dukaan Waale, Patanjali, Da Pizza Corner, Al Nawab Restaurant, Footland and Swastik Creations.

Palam is divided into Rajnagar and Sadhnagar. Ram chowk, Pradhan chowk, Maharaja Agrasen chowk, Earlier Jain chowk Now forcefully converted to Bhagwan Parshuram chowk are the major attractions of Sadhnagar. And on the other side Pandit Chowk, Jhanda wala Chowk and DDA park are major landmarks of Rajnagar. Old Mehrauli road contains many famous shops such as Big Mart, Mahadeva Sweets and Snacks, Uphar Palace, Gupta Store for daily essentials and Groceries, Gautam Disposable Store for disposable and Birthday items such as Big Balloons etc, Standard Sweets etc.

CultureEdit

Palam's culture is diverse and includes many temples, the biggest and oldest of which is Dada Dev Mandir, worshiped as the gram devta (village god) of the 12 villages of Palam, Shahbad, Bagdola, Nasirpur, Bindapur, Dabri, Asalatpur, Untkala, Matiala, Baprola, Poothkala and Nangalrai. Established in Vikram Samvant 781 or 838 AD, after a dream made Saints Dada Dev and Jaidev transport a stone north from Tonk in Rajasthan, the temple complex is huge and is spread over eight acres. Devotees believe in seeking the blessings of Dada Dev before starting any new venture. All the year around pilgrims come to the temple to offer prayers and to seek fulfillment of their wishes.[20] Many festivals are celebrated here in great joy, particularly Janmastmi (Krishnastmi).

The Palam Mosque is the only surviving building of Babur's reign in Delhi. It is recognized for its Sanskrit inscription and for having been visited by Ibn Battuta. According to an inscription in mixed Arabic and Persian prose on the northern arch of its central compartment, it was built by one Ghazanfar in 935 AH (1528–29).[21]

Palam also boasts a Toilet Museum and an Air Force Museum.[22]

TransportEdit

 
Palam Metro Station Construction Work
 
Palam Station Signboard in English Hindi and Urdu showing level above the sea.

Palam has a well-established transportation infrastructure. It is well connected to other parts of Delhi by Roads. Palam is connected to other States by air, rail and road.

RoadEdit

Buses are primarily operated by the DTC and DIMTS; although private operators assist in connecting Delhi and the North Capital Region (NCR). A privately operated network of chartered buses connects Palam areas to corporate offices nearby and in the National Capital Territory.

The Ministry of Transport took over the local bus services of Delhi in May 1948 and renamed it Delhi Transport. Delhi Road Transport Authority was constituted under the Road Transport Corporation Act, 1950. This Authority became the undertaking of Municipal Corporation of Delhi in April, 1958.[23]

Delhi MetroEdit

Palam Metro Station is served by Magenta Line of Delhi Metro that directly connects it to Janakpuri and Botanical Garden.[24] Palam's underground Metro station near the Palam Police Station is in its third building phase.[25] It was opened for public on 29 May 2018

Rail NetworkEdit

Palam railway station has connections to Rewari, Delhi Cantonment and New Delhi.[26]Porbandar, Motihari & Delhi Sarai Rohilla trains pass through Palam Railway Station.

AirwaysEdit

Indira Gandhi International Airport, formerly known as Palam Airport, is situated in Palam.

EducationEdit

Palam has a large number of Schools and Educational Centers. Most of the Private and Government schools are affiliated to CBSE.

Schools:

  • G.B.S.S.S. No.3, Palam Enclave
  • G.G.S.S.S. No.3, Palam Enclave
  • Rahul Model Public School
  • R.C.S.D Primary school
  • Deep Parmarth Secondary School
  • Delhi Jain Public School
  • Sir chhotu ram public school
  • Sarvodaya kanya Vidyalaya No 1
  • Shiv Vani Model Senior Secondary
  • Kennedy Public School
  • Prakash public school
  • J.B.M Public school

Coaching Centers:

  • Pioneer Coaching Centre
  • Arihant mathematics point
  • Om Sai Ram Institute
  • Patron Academy For Competitive Exams
  • COC Institute
  • Manish Kumar akka Aryan Kapoor Coaching center Gali No. 18/A, sadh nagar, near railway line
  • PCM Institute

Health careEdit

Palam's public health services network includes Bhagat Chandra, Divya Prastha, Singhal (Multispecialty) hospital, Maharaja Agrasen Hospital, Mangla Puri Central Government Health Scheme (CGHS) dispensary,[27][28] a Primary Health Centre (PHC),[28] pathology labs and the Sanjay Nursing Home.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sharp, Sir Henry. Delhi: its story and buildings. H. Milford. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  2. ^ Fanshawe, H. C. Delhi, Past and Present. Asian Educational Services. ISBN 9788120613188. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  3. ^ "The tale of Dhaula Kuan". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  4. ^ "Distance between Palam and Connaught Place". alldistancebetween.com. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  5. ^ "South West District". www.delhi.gov.in. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  6. ^ "List of Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies, General Election to the Lok Sabha, 2004" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 October 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  7. ^ "Ramesh Bidhuri wins: margin 1.07 lakh votes". The Hindu. 17 May 2014. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  8. ^ "South Delhi Municipal Corporation". mcdonline.gov.in. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  9. ^ a b "Average weather for New Delhi, India". weatherspark.com. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
  10. ^ "Climate of Delhi". delhitrip.in. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
  11. ^ "Fog continues to disrupt flights, trains". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 7 January 2005.
  12. ^ "Palam records highest temperature of season". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
  13. ^ "Ever recorded Maximum and minimum temperatures up to 2010" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 May 2013. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
  14. ^ "Mercury touches new high for July, Met predicts rain relief". 3 July 2012.
  15. ^ "Weatherbase entry for Delhi". Canty and Associates LLC. Retrieved 16 January 2007.
  16. ^ "Chapter 1: Introduction" (PDF). Economic Survey of Delhi, 2005–2006. Planning Department, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi. pp. 1–7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2016. Retrieved 21 December 2011.
  17. ^ Kurian, Vinson (28 June 2005). "Monsoon reaches Delhi two days ahead of schedule". The Hindu Business Line. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 9 January 2007.
  18. ^ "New Delhi (SFD) 1971-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  19. ^ "Ever recorded Maximum and minimum temperatures up to 2010" (PDF). Indian Meteorological Department. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  20. ^ "Palam Information, Palam Colony Delhi, Palam City, Palam Properties, palam Restaurants, Promote Business In Palam". www.palamguide.com.
  21. ^ Technologies, Webmaster of onlytravelguide.com (India) Ace Web. "Palam Mosque, Delhi Palam Mosque, Palam Mosque travel guide, Palam Mosque new Delhi, Journey to Palam Mosque, Traveling to Palam Mosque". www.onlytravelguide.com.
  22. ^ "Health & Family Welfare". www.palamguide.com/.
  23. ^ "Delhi Transport Corporation". www.delhi.gov.in. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  24. ^ delhi metro rail Phase-III (PDF). Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  25. ^ "Delhi Metro Commences Tunneling at Palam on the Janakpuri west- Botanical garden corridor of Phase 3". www.delhimetrorail.com. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  26. ^ "PM/Palam (3 PFs) Railway Station - Train Departure Timings - India Rail Info". India Rail Info. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  27. ^ "CGHS Wellness Centres and Dispensaries in Delhi". www.gconnect.in/. GConnect.in - Central Government Employees News Portal. Retrieved 29 November 2014.
  28. ^ a b "Parliament Constituency Wise Health Facilities" (PDF). delhi.gov.in. Government of the National Capital Territory (NCT) of Delhi. Retrieved 29 November 2014.

External linksEdit