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Palam is a major suburb and residential colony in South West Delhi. The Indira Gandhi International Airport, formerly known as Palam Airport, the main airport of National Capital Region is situated here. It is one of 70 Vidhan Sabha constituencies of the Delhi National Capital Territory in northern India.
|District||South West Delhi|
|• Total||200,000 - Including Village and Cooperative Housing societies|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||South Delhi|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Palam|
Dada dev mandir was built in 7th century by Solanki king
Palam finds reference in the Persian Sarcastic verse, Sultanat-e-Shah-e-Alam, Az Dilli ta Palam, meaning 'The dominion of Emperor Shah Alam, begins from Delhi and ends at Palam'. This indicates that Palam existed during the rule of Mughal Empire in India.
Government and politicsEdit
Palam lies in the South Delhi Lok Sabha constituency from where Ramesh Bidhuri from BJP is the MP. In Delhi Legislative Assembly Bhavna Gaur from AAP is the MLA from Palam. The complete Palam area consisting of wards Mahavir Enclave (147), Mangla puri (130), Palam (145), Rajnagar (142) and Sadh Nagar (146) comes in the Najafgarh zone of the South Delhi Municipal Corporation.
Palam features an atypical version of the humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa). The warm season lasts from 9 April to 8 July, with an average daily high temperature above 36 °C (97 °F). The hottest day of the year is 22 May, with an average high of 38 °C (100 °F) and low of 25 °C (77 °F). The cold season lasts from 11 December to 11 February with an average daily high temperature below 18 °C (64 °F). The coldest day of the year is 4 January, with an average low of 2 °C (36 °F) and high of 15 °C (59 °F). In early March, the wind direction changes from north-westerly to south-westerly. From April to October the weather is hot. The monsoon arrives at the end of June, along with an increase in humidity. The brief, mild winter starts in late November, peaks in January and heavy fog often occurs.
Temperatures in Palam usually range from 5 to 40 °C (41.0 to 104.0 °F), with the lowest and highest temperatures ever recorded being −2.2 and 48.4 °C (28.0 and 119.1 °F) respectively. The annual mean temperature is 25 °C (77 °F); monthly mean temperatures range from 13 to 32 °C (55 to 90 °F). The highest temperature recorded in July was 45 °C (113 °F) in 1931. The average annual rainfall is approximately 714 mm (28.1 in), most of which falls during the monsoon in July and August. The average date of the advent of monsoon winds in Palam is 29 June.
|Climate data for Delhi (Safdarjung) 1971–1990|
|Record high °C (°F)||30.0
|Average high °C (°F)||21.0
|Daily mean °C (°F)||14.3
|Average low °C (°F)||7.6
|Record low °C (°F)||−0.6
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||19
|Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)||1.7||2.5||2.5||2.0||2.8||5.5||13.0||12.1||5.7||1.7||0.6||1.6||51.7|
|Average relative humidity (%)||63||55||47||34||33||46||70||73||62||52||55||62||54|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||214.6||216.1||239.1||261.0||263.1||196.5||165.9||177.0||219.0||269.3||247.2||215.8||2,684.6|
|Source #1: NOAA|
|Source #2: Indian Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)|
Ram Chowk is one of the primary markets in Palam, with over 1,000 shops. Many shops are on the main road, including Dada Chattri Wala Marg, Shere Punjab Dhaba, Mor Mukut Restaurant, Food Junction, Domino's under Palam-Dwarka Flyover as well as in Mahavir Enclave, Pizza Hut in Mahavir Enclave, Jab We Met, Mukesh Ande Wala, Rajeev Famous Omelette, Badi Dukaan Waale, Patanjali, Da Pizza Corner, Al Nawab Restaurant, Footland and Swastik Creations.
Palam is divided into Rajnagar and Sadhnagar. Ram chowk, Pradhan chowk, Maharaja Agrasen chowk, Earlier Jain chowk Now forcefully converted to Bhagwan Parshuram chowk are the major attractions of Sadhnagar. And on the other side Pandit Chowk, Jhanda wala Chowk and DDA park are major landmarks of Rajnagar. Old Mehrauli road contains many famous shops such as Big Mart, Mahadeva Sweets and Snacks, Uphar Palace, Gupta Store for daily essentials and Groceries, Gautam Disposable Store for disposable and Birthday items such as Big Balloons etc, Standard Sweets etc.
Palam's culture is diverse and includes many temples, the biggest and oldest of which is Dada Dev Mandir, worshiped as the gram devta (village god) of the 12 villages of Palam, Shahbad, Bagdola, Nasirpur, Bindapur, Dabri, Asalatpur, Untkala, Matiala, Baprola, Poothkala and Nangalrai. Established in Vikram Samvant 781 or 838 AD, after a dream made Saints Dada Dev and Jaidev transport a stone north from Tonk in Rajasthan, the temple complex is huge and is spread over eight acres. Devotees believe in seeking the blessings of Dada Dev before starting any new venture. All the year around pilgrims come to the temple to offer prayers and to seek fulfillment of their wishes. Many festivals are celebrated here in great joy, particularly Janmastmi (Krishnastmi).
The Palam Mosque is the only surviving building of Babur's reign in Delhi. It is recognized for its Sanskrit inscription and for having been visited by Ibn Battuta. According to an inscription in mixed Arabic and Persian prose on the northern arch of its central compartment, it was built by one Ghazanfar in 935 AH (1528–29).
Palam has a well-established transportation infrastructure. It is well connected to other parts of Delhi by Roads. Palam is connected to other States by air, rail and road.
Buses are primarily operated by the DTC and DIMTS; although private operators assist in connecting Delhi and the North Capital Region (NCR). A privately operated network of chartered buses connects Palam areas to corporate offices nearby and in the National Capital Territory.
The Ministry of Transport took over the local bus services of Delhi in May 1948 and renamed it Delhi Transport. Delhi Road Transport Authority was constituted under the Road Transport Corporation Act, 1950. This Authority became the undertaking of Municipal Corporation of Delhi in April, 1958.
Palam Metro Station is served by Magenta Line of Delhi Metro that directly connects it to Janakpuri and Botanical Garden. Palam's underground Metro station near the Palam Police Station is in its third building phase. It was opened for public on 29 May 2018
Indira Gandhi International Airport, formerly known as Palam Airport, is situated in Palam.
Palam has a large number of Schools and Educational Centers. Most of the Private and Government schools are affiliated to CBSE.
- G.B.S.S.S. No.3, Palam Enclave
- G.G.S.S.S. No.3, Palam Enclave
- Rahul Model Public School
- R.C.S.D Primary school
- Deep Parmarth Secondary School
- Delhi Jain Public School
- Sir chhotu ram public school
- Sarvodaya kanya Vidyalaya No 1
- Shiv Vani Model Senior Secondary
- Kennedy Public School
- Prakash public school
- J.B.M Public school
- Pioneer Coaching Centre
- Arihant mathematics point
- Om Sai Ram Institute
- Patron Academy For Competitive Exams
- COC Institute
- Manish Kumar akka Aryan Kapoor Coaching center Gali No. 18/A, sadh nagar, near railway line
- PCM Institute
Palam's public health services network includes Bhagat Chandra, Divya Prastha, Singhal (Multispecialty) hospital, Maharaja Agrasen Hospital, Mangla Puri Central Government Health Scheme (CGHS) dispensary, a Primary Health Centre (PHC), pathology labs and the Sanjay Nursing Home.
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