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Pakokku (Burmese: ပခုက္ကူမြို့, [pəkʰoʊʔkù]) is a largest city in the Magway Region in Myanmar, also known as Burma. It is situated about 30 km north-east of Bagan on the Irrawaddy River. It is the administration seat of Pakokku Township , Pakokku District and Gangaw District.Pakokku Bridge is part of the India–Myanmar–Thailand Trilateral Highway and is the longest bridge in Myanmar.It is home of the Pakokku airport.

Pakokku

ပခုက္ကူမြို့
City
Myanma transcription(s)
 • Burmesepa.hkukku mrui.
Skyline of Pakokku
Pakokku is located in Myanmar
Pakokku
Pakokku
Location in Burma
Coordinates: 21°20′N 95°05′E / 21.333°N 95.083°E / 21.333; 95.083Coordinates: 21°20′N 95°05′E / 21.333°N 95.083°E / 21.333; 95.083
Country Myanmar
Region Magway Region
DistrictPakokku District
TownshipPakokku Township
Population
 (2014)
 • City320,284[1]
 • Urban
219,000
 • Metro
101,284
Time zoneUTC+6.30 (MST)

The city is the location of Computer University, Pakokku, Pakokku Education College, Technological University, Pakokku, and Pakokku University. Thiho Shin Pagoda(The Lord of Sri Lanka Pagoda), Shwe Ku Pagoda, Shwe Mothtaw Pagoda,Shwe Tant Tit,and Phaung Taw Oo Pagoda are famous pagodas which locate at Pakokku. Irrawaddy Bridge (Pakokku) is the longest bridge in Myanmar. Pakokku is also the largest city in Magway region but capital city of Magway region is Magway.

During British occupation,Pakokku was a capital city of Pakokku Hill Tracts Districts (including Pakokku District, Chin State, Gangaw District, Naga Self-Administered Zone, Nagaland, Mizoram, Tripura, Manipur and Meghalaya).When Myanmar(Burma) was independence in 1948,Pakokku Hill Tracts Districts was divided into two sections. Pakokku District, Gangaw District, Naga Self-Administered Zone and Chin State became a Parts of Myanmar(Burma) and Nagaland, Mizoram, Tripura, Manipur and Meghalaya became a parts of India.

Contents

Notable PlacesEdit

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Pakokku (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.1
(84.4)
32.3
(90.1)
36.4
(97.5)
39.0
(102.2)
37.5
(99.5)
35.3
(95.5)
34.9
(94.8)
33.9
(93.0)
33.5
(92.3)
32.7
(90.9)
30.6
(87.1)
28.7
(83.7)
33.7
(92.7)
Average low °C (°F) 13.2
(55.8)
14.7
(58.5)
18.6
(65.5)
22.1
(71.8)
24.2
(75.6)
23.6
(74.5)
23.8
(74.8)
23.5
(74.3)
23.0
(73.4)
21.6
(70.9)
18.1
(64.6)
15.1
(59.2)
20.1
(68.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.9
(0.04)
0.3
(0.01)
3.9
(0.15)
11.1
(0.44)
88.2
(3.47)
89.7
(3.53)
38.2
(1.50)
90.6
(3.57)
117.8
(4.64)
132.0
(5.20)
29.6
(1.17)
4.0
(0.16)
606.3
(23.87)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[2]

TransportEdit

Pakokku's strategic location in Central Burma makes it an important hub for transport of people and goods. The city is connected to other parts of the country and to China,Thailand and India by multiple modes of transportation.

AirEdit

RiverEdit

The Ayeyarwady River remains an important arterial route for transporting goods such as farm produce including rice, beans and pulses, cooking oil, pottery, bamboo and teak. Pakokku port is an one of the most important port and third largest port in Myanmar(Burma) after Yangon port and Mandalay port. Pakokku port is a major port of Magway Region.

RailEdit

[3]

 
Myanmar Railways station map
Division 10 Pakokku

Pakokku Railway Station is the terminus of Myanmar Railways's main rail line from Yangon and the starting point of branch lines to Pyin U Lwin (Maymyo), Monywa, Mandalay, Kalay, Gangaw, and to the south, Bagan, Minbu, Thayet, Pye[disambiguation needed] and Kyangin.

Pakokku does not have an intra-city metro rail system.

RoadsEdit

Pakokku is a part of Burma's road network. The highway network includes roads towards:[4]

  • Upper Burma and China—

Pakokku—Myingyan-Mandalay-TagaungBhamoMyitkyina Road, Pakokku-Chaung Oo-Sagaing-Mandalay Road, Pakokku-MandalayLashioMuse Road (part of Asian Highway)[5]

  • Western Burma and India—

Pakokku-Pauk-Saw-Htilin-Gangaw-Kale-Tamu Road, Pakokku-Pauk-Kyaukhtu-Mindat-Matupi Road, Pakokku—Chaung OoMonywaKalewaTamu Road(part of India–Myanmar–Thailand Trilateral Highway)[5]

  • Lower Burma and Thailand—

Pakokku-Nyaung-Oo-Chauk-Pye[disambiguation needed]-Bago-Yangon Road, Pakokku-MeiktilaNay Pyi TawThatonHpa-anKawkareikMyawaddy Road(part of India–Myanmar–Thailand Trilateral Highway)[5]

Most stretches of these highways are one-lane roads in poor condition. Pakokku Bridge is part of the India–Myanmar–Thailand Trilateral Highway and is the longest bridge in Myanmar.

EconomyEdit

EducationEdit

List of universities and colleges in PakokkuEdit

Health careEdit

Public HospitalsEdit

  • Pakokku General Hospital
  • Pakokku Traditional Medicine Hospital
  • Pakokku Women’s and Children’s Hospital
  • Pakokku Sangha Hospital

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Census Report. The 2014 Myanmar Population and Housing Census. 2. Naypyitaw: Ministry of Immigration and Population. May 2015.
  2. ^ "Myanmar Climate Report" (PDF). Norwegian Meteorological Institute. pp. 23–36. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 October 2018. Retrieved 1 December 2018.
  3. ^ Division 10 Pakokku
  4. ^ Thiha Aung (13 February 2005). "Mandalay Division marching to new golden land of unity and amity". New Light of Myanmar.
  5. ^ a b c "Asian Highway in Myanmar" (PDF). unescap.org. Retrieved 12 January 2009.