Pagrus major, the red seabream is a fish species in the family Sparidae. In Japan, Pagrus major is known as madai (真鯛, or "genuine tai") and is prized both for its flavor and for its traditional use as an auspicious food, often served at New Year's and at festive occasions such as weddings. In Korea, it is known as domi (도미) or chamdom (참돔; "true dom"). Successful sumo wrestlers are often photographed holding the fish.[1] It is also the most commonly eaten fish in Taiwan. Habitat preference is genetically coded in the juvenile pagrus major, which help them to choose the optimal microhabitat in fluctuating environment. Habitat preference was only seen in the juvenile fish, and last till thirty days, while naive fish did not show any habitat preference.

Red seabream
Pagrus major Red seabream ja01.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Sparidae
Genus: Pagrus
P. major
Binomial name
Pagrus major
(Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
  • Chrysophrys major Temminck & Schlegel, 1843
  • Pagrosomus major (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
  • Sparus major (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
  • Pagus major (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)

It is widespread in the Northwest Pacific from the northeastern part of South China Sea (Philippines excluded) northward to Japan. It is a marine subtropical oceanodromous demersal fish.

See alsoEdit


Takahashi, K and Masuda, R. “ Nurture is above nature: nursery experience determines habitat preference of red sea bream Pagrus major juveniles” Journal of Ethology 37.3 (2019): 317-323. Web. Sep-2019.

  1. ^ Mulvey, Stephen (18 December 2012). "Why do Japanese politicians wave fish?" – via

External linksEdit