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Paesus or Paisos (Παισός), in the Trojan Battle Order in Homer's Iliad called Apaesus or Apaisos (Ἀπαισός),[1] was a town and polis (city-state)[2] on the coast of the ancient Troad, at the entrance of the Propontis, between Lampsacus and Parium. In the Iliad, Amphius, son of Selagus, was said to be from Paesus.[3] At one period it received colonists from Miletus. It suffered Persian occupation during the Ionian Revolt.[4] In Strabo's time the town was destroyed, and its inhabitants had transferred themselves to Lampsacus, which was likewise a Milesian colony.[5] The town derived its name from the small river Paesus, on which it was situated. It was a member of the Delian League and appears in tribute lists of Athens between 453/2 and 430/29 BCE.[2]

Its site is located 6 miles (9.7 km) northeast of Çardak, Asiatic Turkey.[6][7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Homer. Iliad. 2.828.
  2. ^ a b Mogens Herman Hansen & Thomas Heine Nielsen (2004). An inventory of archaic and classical poleis. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 991. ISBN 0-19-814099-1.
  3. ^ Homer. Iliad. 5.612.
  4. ^ Herodotus. Histories. 5.117.
  5. ^ Strabo. Geographica. xiii. p. 589. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
  6. ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 51, and directory notes accompanying.
  7. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Paesus". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

Coordinates: 40°24′01″N 26°47′14″E / 40.400225°N 26.787097°E / 40.400225; 26.787097