Padiham (// PAD-i-əm) is a town and civil parish on the River Calder, about three miles (5 km) west of Burnley, in Lancashire, England. It is part of the Borough of Burnley, but has a town council with various powers. Originally a village by the River Calder, it is still bordered by the foothills of Pendle Hill to the north-west and north-east. The United Kingdom Census 2011 gave the parish a population of 10,098, an increase from 8,998 in the 2001 census.
Padiham Town Hall in 1994,
designed by Bradshaw Gass & Hope 1938
|Area||2.46 sq mi (6.4 km2) |
|Population||10,098 (2011) |
|• Density||4,105/sq mi (1,585/km2)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
No prehistoric or Roman sites have been found in the built-up area. Padiham, though a name of Anglo-Saxon origin, is not recorded in the 1086 Domesday Book. The first recorded mention, as Padyngham, dates from 1294. It remained for centuries as the market town where produce from Pendleside was bought and sold. The town expanded and was much redeveloped during the Industrial Revolution. The centre is now a conservation area.
Padiham's population peaked around 1921 at about 14,000, declining to 10,000 in the early 1960s and 8,998 at the time of the 2001 census. This reflected how people were moving to the south of England in search of work after the decline of the traditional cotton, coal and engineering manufacturing base.
Padiham was once a township in the parish of Whalley until it became a civil parish in 1866. An urban district covered the town from 1894 until 1974, but over this time, some rural areas mainly to the north became a new civil parish, Northtown, as part of Burnley Rural District. The Padiham Green area, hitherto part of Hapton,[a] joined Padiham, with another small area following in 1935. Since 1974 Padiham has formed part of the Borough of Burnley. A Town Council was instituted in 2002.
Councillors for Padiham on Burnley Borough Council are elected to the Gawthorpe Ward, which covers most of Padiham but not Gawthorpe Hall, with the southern and eastern areas covered by Hapton with Park Ward. Burnley Borough Council now addresses public correspondence to people of both Burnley and Padiham. Padiham comes under Lancashire County Council. The Parliamentary Constituency, Burnley, is currently represented by Antony Higginbotham for the Conservative Party.
In the 19th century, Padiham's industry was based on coal-mining and weaving. Helm Mill on Factory Lane was the first mill built in 1807. By 1906 there were twenty cotton mills though the best preserved, now converted into flats, is Victoria Mill in Ightenhill Street, built in 1852–1853 and extended in 1873. Many cotton workers belonged to the Padiham Weavers' Association, whose membership peaked in 1907 at over 6,000.
Industrial development was helped by proximity to the Leeds and Liverpool Canal, about 2 miles (3.2 km) to the south. By 1848, Padiham had many coal pits around the town, including two large collieries and a number of smaller workings. Availability of coal and water nearby helped to boost the cotton industry. Industry benefited further from the arrival of the railway at Hapton in 1840 and Padiham itself in 1877. The last pit closed about 1870, although mining continued in areas outside the town into the 1950s, and open cast mining took place in the 1960s east of the town close to Gawthorpe Hall, north of the River Calder off Grove Lane.
Since the 1960s, the remaining cotton mills have continued a decline that began in the 1930s. So too has Padiham's role as a manufacturing base since the 1990s. The town's last major employer in the sector, Baxi, closed its factory in March 2007, with a loss of 500 jobs. A modern business park, Shuttleworth Mead, opened in 2001 on the western edge of the town where Padiham Power Station had stood until 1993. The business park has been supported by £2.2 million from the European Regional Development Fund and £2 million from the North West Development Agency. Tenants include Supanet, an internet service provider (ISP) and Graham & Brown, a wall coverings company.
In 2007 Fort Vale Engineering developed a new purpose-built factory, where the old Mullard/Philips site at Calder Vale Park, Simonstone had closed in 2004. Fort Vale Engineering employs some 280 local people and has brought business to other local employers.
There are five significant mansions in the local area: Huntroyde Hall, dating from 1576, and Simonstone Hall, dating from 1660, in nearby Simonstone, are still privately owned. Gawthorpe Hall was donated to the National Trust in 1970, but is jointly managed with Lancashire County Council under a 99-year lease. Gawthorpe is in the Ightenhill district. The National Trust also runs an office and a tearoom in the courtyard of the property. Gawthorpe was owned by the Shuttleworth family, which held Shuttleworth Hall near Hapton from the 12th century. The current building dates from 1639 and is still a working farm. Read Hall and Park is in the nearby village of Read, about 1 mile (1.6 km) west of Padiham on the A671.
St Leonard's Parish Church dates from 1866–1869 and is a Grade II listed building. It occupies the site of earlier churches dating back to 1451 or earlier. The original churchyard did not extend so far north as it does today. In 1802 proposals were made to extend it and remove "nuisances" on the north side of the church. This occurred in 1835. It seems likely that the former premises of Padiham Grammar School were purchased and demolished at that time.
Sherry's Lancashire Cotton Mill is a working 19th-century facility open to the public. Padiham Town Hall in Burnley Road, built in 1938 to designs by Bradshaw Gass & Hope, is a Grade II listed building.
Padiham Memorial Park at the top of Church Street, was designed by Thomas Mawson, a prolific landscape designer. It was officially opened in 1921 as a memorial to those of the town who gave their lives in the First World War. It now commemorates victims of the Second World War as well.
The park covers 12 acres (4.9 ha) on two sites divided by the River Calder. The upper section is mainly formal, dominated by Knight Hill House, currently used as an Age UK (formerly Age Concern) day centre, and has a rose garden, lawns and two memorials. The lower section, off Park Street, has two bowling greens, tennis courts, skate park and Padiham Leisure Centre. The park is a Green Flag award winner. The park still had remains of some Second World War air raid shelters in 2008.
Padiham War Memorial itself is at the main park entrance in Blackburn Road. There is a second memorial at All Saints' with St John the Baptist off the A671, Padiham Road, opposite the George IV pub. A local man, Thomas Clayton, funded the park in his will; public subscription provided additional money for the park's many features.
Near the war memorial, the Air Crash Memorial recalls several local young people killed on 3 July 1970. when a Dan Air de Havilland Comet deviated from its course and crashed into the high ground of the Montseny Range in north-eastern Spain – see: Dan-Air Flight 1903.
The aircraft, destroyed on impact and by subsequent ground fire, contained three flight crew, four cabin crew and 105 passengers, all of whom died. It was the airline's first fatal accident involving fare-paying passengers. The tour operator, Clarksons Holidays, was at the time Britain's largest package holiday company.
Several other buildings in the area are also of historic interest. Hargrove can be seen from a public footpath off the Padiham by-pass just north of the town and the 1950s council housing estate north of Windermere Road. For over 400 years it was the home of the Webster family of yeoman farmers. The house is probably 17th century and part of the Huntroyed estate. Coal from a local outcrop heated the house for many years. Stockbridge House in Victoria Road was occupied by the Holts, a farming family, in 1802 and has a Jacobean chimney. High Whitaker Farm is north-east of Hargrove, accessible by public footpath from Higham Road and from Grove Lane. The building is 16th century and said to have been used to hide Catholics during the reign of Henry VIII. Other houses of note are Priddy Bank Farm and Foulds House Farm, both off Sabden Road, and Arbory Lodge on Arbory Drive.
Padiham railway station was on a branch line (known as the Great Harwood loop) of the East Lancashire Line from Burnley to Blackburn. It opened in 1877, but was closed on 2 December 1957 and the station later demolished. The line was retained for deliveries of coal to Padiham Power Station until that closed in 1993. The nearest railway station now is at Hapton, about 2 miles (3.2 km) south. The old line was converted into a footpath/bridleway/cycleway called Padiham Greenway, completed in June 2010.
Junctions 8 and 10 of the M65 are both some 2 miles (3 km) from the town centre. Junction 8 of the M65 also gives access to the A56 dual carriageway leading to the M66 and access to the Manchester motorway network.
In December 2015, central Padiham was badly damaged by flooding from the River Calder. It engulfed neighbouring homes and businesses. Restoration work continues.
The 1845 map (1) shows the town of Padiham in the early days of the Lancashire cotton industry in Victorian times, with three mills marked. Most of the town at that stage was north of the river. The top left-hand corner shows part of the Huntroyde Demesne. The River Calder, on the right of the map, flows to the north, having been diverted in the early 19th century from its original route, away from Gawthorpe Hall (shown in pink), because of pollution. In the 1960s the river was re-routed to its original course to accommodate open-cast coal mining. The 1890 Ordnance Survey map (2) shows the cotton-industry growth of the cotton industry in the later 19th century. The 1–25,000 scale OS map (3) is a partial extract from the two maps indicated. Several historic locations shown include Read Hall (A2) and Read (B2); Martholme, just east of Martholme Viaduct (A3); Simonstone and Simonstone Hall (C3); Huntroyd and grounds (D1–D2); Padiham Power Station (D3) with the connecting line for fuel; post-war housing north of the town off Slade Lane (E2); High Whitaker (F1); the River Calder on the old course from Gawthore Hall and grounds (F2); Pendle Hall (G1); Ightenhill Manor House (G2); and the Leeds and Liverpool Canal in Burnley (J1). The railway line through Padiham also appears.
- William Blezard (1921–2003), composer born in Padiham, worked with Joyce Grenfell and others.
- Thomas Birtwistle (1833–1912), a trade unionist involved in the weavers' strikes at Padiham in 1859
- Richard Bradshaw (fl. 1900s) footballer born in Padiham, played for Blackpool F.C.
- Maurice Green (1906–1987), editor of The Financial Times and The Daily Telegraph, was born in Padiham.
- Cyril Harrison (1901–1980), managing director of English Sewing Cotton Company, was educated at Padiham Wesleyan School.
- [[Wayne Hemingway|Gerardine Hemingway MBE (living), fashion designer, wife and partner of Wayne Hemingway
- Harry Hill (1916–2009), born in Padiham, was on the bronze medal list at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin. Too poor to get to London any other way, Hill cycled the 200 miles from Sheffield on the bike he used in the Olympics.
- Sir James Kay-Shuttleworth, 1st Baronet (1804–1877), husband of Janet Kay-Shuttleworth of Gawthorpe Hall, founded teacher training and independent school inspection in England and what has become the University of St Mark & St John, known as "Marjon".
- Ughtred James Kay-Shuttleworth (1844–1939), 1st Baron Shuttleworth, Liberal politician, son of Sir James Kay-Shuttleworth. Under-Secretary of State for India and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster under William Gladstone in 1886 and Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty under Gladstone and Lord Rosebery in 1892–1895. He inherited Gawthorpe on his mother's death in 1872.
- Charles Kay-Shuttleworth, 5th Baron Shuttleworth (born 1948), was Lord Lieutenant of Lancashire in 1997.
- John Pierce Chamberlain Starkie (1830–1888), landowner at Ashton Hall, in Thurnham, Lancashire
- Le Gendre Starkie (1799–1865) and Le Gendre Starkie (1828–1899), landowners at Huntroyde
- Alfred Tysoe (1874–1901), Padiham-born athlete and winner of two gold medals in the 800m and 5,000m team races in the 1900 Olympic Games
- Listed buildings in Padiham
- History of Lancashire
- The Brontë Way
- Lancashire Cotton Corporation: set up to rescue the cotton industry from 1929
- Lancashire Cotton Famine: the impact of the American Civil War on the cotton industry in north-west England by problems with US cotton imports
- List of mills in Padiham
- Burnley Corporation Tramways
- List of schools in the Borough of Burnley
- Leck Hall: current seat of Baron Shuttleworth, of Gawthorpe Hall
- Padiham F.C. The town's football club founded 1878
- Padiham Heritage Appraisal 2015
- UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Padiham Parish (1170214988)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
- Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Burnley Archived 3 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 4 February 2010.
- Historic Town Assessment Report, Padiham, Lancashire County Council, May 2005, includes several old maps of the town and location of buildings – accessed 18 August 2011 Archived 1 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- About Padiham Accessed 4 February 2010.
- "Padiham Ch/CP through time". visionofbritain.org.uk. GB Historical GIS/University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
- 2001 census data. Accessed 8 December 2007.
- British Pathé Newsreel 1995 Accessed 2014_02_01
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- Lancashire and Furness (Map) (1st ed.). 1: 10,560. County Series. Ordnance Survey. 1848.
- "Padiham Town Council – About us". Padiham Town Council. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
- "Gawthorpe". Ordnance Survey Linked Data Platform. Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 6 January 2016.
- "Hapton with Park". Ordnance Survey Linked Data Platform. Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 6 January 2016.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Hartwell, Clare (revision) (2009). The Buildings of England – Lancashire: North. London and New Haven: Yale University Press. pp. 490–496. ISBN 978-0-300-12667-9.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Marsh, Arthur; Ryan, Victoria; Smethurst, John B. (1994). Historical Directory of Trade Unions. 4. Farnham: Ashgate. pp. 114. ISBN 9780859679008.
- Report on Trade Unions in 1905–1907. London: Board of Trade. 1909. pp. 82–101.
- Padiham Life Archived 28 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- 'Job Threat After Factory Closure' , BBC News website 15 March 2007. Accessed 14 January 2008.
- Shuttleworth Mead Business Park. Accessed 5 September 2008.
- Lancashire County Council proposals for public footpath July 2009, Accessed 11 February 2010 Archived 4 August 2012 at Archive.today
- North West Regional Development Agency. Accessed 6 September 2008
- Parks and Gardens UK – based on the English Heritage Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest Archived 26 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- National Trust Website, accessed 2 October 2008 Archived 21 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- Searchable guide to country houses, includes Gawthorpe and other houses owned by the Shuttleworths – accessed 18 April 2010 Archived 4 February 2004 at the Wayback Machine
- www.genuki.org.uk Accessed 13 November 2007.
- Grimshaw and Shuttleworth family origin website, accessed 15 January 2011 Archived 28 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine
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- Lancashire Family History & Heraldry Society. Accessed 13 November 2007.
- Armstrong, Duncan (1985). "Owd Padiham" – a pictorial history. Padiham: Mercer Print.
- Mill shops in Burnley and Padiham 2010 Accessed 21 October 2010
- Lancashire County Council Library and Information Service Archived 19 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine Accessed 25 February 2008.
- Burnley Borough Council report on restoration of Padiham Memorial Park Archived 15 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed 28 July 2009
- Parks and Gardens register UK – the park had not been surveyed at the time the data was accessed − 3 February 2010. Archived 11 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- Lancashire Gardens Trust. Accessed 17 April 2010.
- Green Flag Award Scheme Archived 7 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine Accessed 27 February 2008.
- "World War II Air Raid shelters in Memorial Park". Retrieved 19 January 2009.
- "World War I Cemeteries, Padiham War memorial (includes WWII)". Archived from the original on 4 October 2008. Retrieved 19 January 2009.
- "World War memorial at All Saints with St John the Baptist, BB12 6PA (includes WWII)". Archived from the original on 5 October 2008. Retrieved 19 January 2009.
- Burnley Borough Council Archived 14 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed 28 February 2008.
- "Air Crash Memorial, Padiham Memorial Park looking west in the direction of Blackburn". Retrieved 19 January 2009.
- "Dan Air, air crash, northern Spain, Friday, 3 July 1970". Retrieved 19 January 2009.
- "BBC on this day, Friday, 3 July 1970". BBC News. 3 July 1970. Retrieved 19 January 2009.
- Nadin, Jack; Armstrong, Duncan (2009). "Padiham in Old Photographs" – contains additional histories of properties mentioned. The History Press. pp. 10–16. ISBN 978-0-7524-5188-6.
- Mainline bus services Archived 22 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- Lancashire United Bus Service
- www.theaa.com The AA route planning. Accessed 8 February 2010.
- Journey planner direct website Archived 13 June 2014 at the Wayback Machine
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