Packhorse bridge

A packhorse bridge is a bridge intended to carry packhorses (horses loaded with sidebags or panniers) across a river or stream. Typically a packhorse bridge consists of one or more narrow (one horse wide) masonry arches, and has low parapets so as not to interfere with the panniers borne by the horses.[1] Multi-arched examples sometimes have triangular cutwaters that are extended upward to form pedestrian refuges.[2]: 24–25 

Essex Bridge, a packhorse bridge across the River Trent
Medieval packhorse bridge crossing the Almofrei at Cotobade, Galicia

Packhorse bridges were often built on the trade routes (often called packhorse routes) that formed major transport arteries across Europe and Great Britain until the coming of the turnpike roads and canals in the 18th century.[1] Before the road-building efforts of Napoleon, all crossings of the Alps were on packhorse trails.[3] Travellers' carriages were dismantled and transported over the mountain passes by ponies and mule trains.

DefinitionEdit

In the British Isles at least, the definition of a packhorse bridge is somewhat nebulous. Ernest Hinchliffe discusses the difficulty of defining a true packhorse bridge in A Guide to the Packhorse Bridges of England.[2] He claims that "before the eighteenth century bridges were described as 'horse bridges' or 'cart bridges'" and his strict definition excludes the latter. He suggests that a classic packhorse bridge should generally be:

  • less than 6 feet (1.8 m) in width;
  • built before 1800;
  • on a recognised packhorse route.

He categorises the 190 English bridges listed in his book into three groups:

  • Group 1: 6 feet (1.8 m) wide or less, built before 1800 and with known packhorse associations;
  • Group 2: bridges that fail one or other of the above criteria, but which are generally referred to as packhorse bridges;
  • Group 3: bridges sometimes claimed as packhorse bridges, but dismissed as such by the author.[2]: 6–7 

The difficulty of classification is illustrated by Moulton Bridge in Suffolk, which Hinchliffe places in Group 1 but which English Heritage describes as "perhaps not strictly a packhorse bridge since it was wide enough to take carts".[4]

List of packhorse bridges in the British IslesEdit

The following list includes all listed buildings described as packhorse bridges by English Heritage, Cadw, or Historic Scotland; all 106 of Hinchliffe's Group 1 bridges in England; and certain other candidates. (For England, Hinchliffe's Group numbers are given as superscripts after the bridge name.)

EnglandEdit

County Location NameGroup Photograph Crosses Notes
Bedfordshire Sutton
52°06′42″N 0°13′08″W / 52.1117°N 0.2190°W / 52.1117; -0.2190
Sutton Packhorse Bridge1 Potton Brook Medieval with later repairs; two pointed arches. Grade II* listed,[5] Scheduled monument.[6]
Cheshire Crowton
53°16′13″N 2°37′34″W / 53.2702°N 2.6262°W / 53.2702; -2.6262
Acton Brook Single segmental arch. Carries public bridleway.
Cheshire Hockenhull Platts
53°11′10″N 2°47′05″W / 53.1861°N 2.7848°W / 53.1861; -2.7848
Roman Bridges1 River Gowy Three bridges, "probably late 18th-century"[7] or "late 17th-century".[8] Grade II listed.[7][9] The three bridges carry a public byway.
Cheshire Quarry Bank Mill, Styal
53°20′38″N 2°15′01″W / 53.3440°N 2.2503°W / 53.3440; -2.2503
The Packhorse Bridge River Bollin 1820, single segmental arch. Grade II listed.[10] Carries a public byway.
Cheshire/Derbyshire Three Shire Heads
53°12′50″N 1°59′15″W / 53.2139°N 1.9875°W / 53.2139; -1.9875
Three Shire Heads Bridge2 River Dane Probably late 18th-century; single span. Grade II listed.[11] Carries public byway.
Cornwall Bowithick
50°36′55″N 4°34′09″W / 50.6154°N 4.5691°W / 50.6154; -4.5691
Bowithick Bridge Penpont Water Probably early 19th-century; three stone arches, one larger and two small. Grade II listed.[12]
Cornwall Launceston
50°38′29″N 4°21′58″W / 50.641492°N 4.366202°W / 50.641492; -4.366202
West Bridge (Prior's Bridge) River Kensey Late medieval; five-span bridge with two cut-waters. Grade I listed.[13]
Cumbria Ambleside
54°27′09″N 2°57′33″W / 54.4525°N 2.9592°W / 54.4525; -2.9592
High Sweden Bridge1 Scandale Beck Late 17th-century; single-span. Grade II listed.[14]< Carries public footpath.
Cumbria Barbon
54°13′50″N 2°35′37″W / 54.2306°N 2.5937°W / 54.2306; -2.5937
High Beckfoot Bridge1 Barbon Beck Probably late 17th- or 18th-century; described as "ruinous" in 1725.[8] Single-span. Grade II listed.[15] Carries public bridleway.
Cumbria Dean
54°37′29″N 3°27′33″W / 54.6246°N 3.4592°W / 54.6246; -3.4592
Calva Hall packhorse bridge1 River Marron Dated 1697;[2]: 38  single-span. Grade II listed.[16]
Cumbria Drigg
54°22′32″N 3°25′21″W / 54.3756°N 3.4224°W / 54.3756; -3.4224
Drigg Holme Packhorse Bridge1 River Irt Single-span. Scheduled monument.[17] Carries public bridleway.
Cumbria Eskdale
54°23′44″N 3°15′00″W / 54.3956°N 3.2499°W / 54.3956; -3.2499
Doctor[s] Bridge2 River Esk Probably 17th-century, widened in 1734. Grade II listed.[18] Carries public road.
Cumbria Gaisgill
54°27′10″N 2°33′39″W / 54.4527°N 2.5609°W / 54.4527; -2.5609
Barugh Bridge1 Rais Gill Probably 18th-century, but maybe earlier. Grade II listed.[19] Carries public byway.
Cumbria Knock
54°39′02″N 2°28′45″W / 54.6506°N 2.4791°W / 54.6506; -2.4791
Swindale Beck Possibly 17th-century; single segmental arch. Grade II listed.[20]
Cumbria Little Langdale
54°25′04″N 3°03′42″W / 54.4178°N 3.0616°W / 54.4178; -3.0616
Slater[s] Bridge1 River Brathay 17th-century; two clapper slabs and a single arch. Grade II* listed.[21] Carries public footpath.
Cumbria Lowgill
54°21′44″N 2°35′32″W / 54.3621°N 2.5921°W / 54.3621; -2.5921
Lowgill Packhorse Bridge Lowgill Beck Probably 17th- or 18th-century; single-span. Grade II listed.[22]
Cumbria Pennington
54°12′24″N 3°08′28″W / 54.2066°N 3.1411°W / 54.2066; -3.1411
Devil's Bridge1 Rathmoss Beck 17th- or 18th-century; single-span. Grade II listed.[23] Alongside public road.
Cumbria Sca Fell
54°25′20″N 3°11′32″W / 54.4221°N 3.1923°W / 54.4221; -3.1923
Lingcove or Throstlegarth Bridge1 Lingcove Beck Single arch. On Open Access land.
Cumbria Seathwaite, Allerdale
54°29′16″N 3°10′59″W / 54.4877°N 3.1830°W / 54.4877; -3.1830
Stockley Bridge2 Grains Gill Early- or mid-18th-century; single span. Grade II listed.[24] Carries public bridleway.
Cumbria Shap
54°32′11″N 2°43′11″W / 54.5364°N 2.7197°W / 54.5364; -2.7197
Parish Crag Bridge1 Swindale Beck Probably 18th-century; single span. Grade II listed.[25] Carries public footpath.
Cumbria Shap
54°32′16″N 2°45′05″W / 54.5378°N 2.7515°W / 54.5378; -2.7515
Park Bridge2 Haweswater Beck 1860–69; single span.[26] Carries public footpath.
Cumbria Stainton
54°16′00″N 2°43′58″W / 54.2666°N 2.7327°W / 54.2666; -2.7327
packhorse bridge1 Stainton Beck Probably 17th-century; single segmental arch. Grade II listed.[27] Adjacent to ford.
Cumbria Ullock
54°36′07″N 3°25′54″W / 54.6020°N 3.4318°W / 54.6020; -3.4318
packhorse bridge1 Black Beck Single span.[2]: 52 
Cumbria Wasdale Head
54°28′06″N 3°15′24″W / 54.4682°N 3.2567°W / 54.4682; -3.2567
Row Bridge1 Mosedale Beck Probably 18th-century; single span. Grade II listed.[28][29]
Cumbria Watendlath
54°32′14″N 3°07′17″W / 54.5371°N 3.1214°W / 54.5371; -3.1214
Watendlath Packhorse Bridge1 Watendlath Beck 18th-century; single span. Grade II listed.[30][31] Carries public bridleway.
Cumbria Wilton
54°28′44″N 3°26′46″W / 54.4790°N 3.4460°W / 54.4790; -3.4460
Monk's Bridge1 River Calder Probably 17th- or 18th-century; single span. Also known as High Wath Bridge, Mattie Benn's Bridge, Hannah Benn Bridge and Roman Bridge.[2]: 46  Grade II listed.[32][33]
Cumbria Winster
54°20′27″N 2°54′18″W / 54.3408°N 2.9051°W / 54.3408; -2.9051
tributary of River Winster Probably 17th-century. Grade II listed.[34] Adjacent to A5074 road.
Cumbria Winster
54°19′37″N 2°54′08″W / 54.3269°N 2.9021°W / 54.3269; -2.9021
Winster Bridge1 River Winster 1729 with 20th-century parapet; single span. Grade II listed.[35]
Derbyshire Ashford-in-the-Water
53°13′24″N 1°42′37″W / 53.2232°N 1.7104°W / 53.2232; -1.7104
Sheepwash Bridge2 River Wye 18th-century; three low arches, with integral walled sheep pen on southern bank. Grade II* listed,[36] Scheduled monument.
Derbyshire Bakewell
53°13′03″N 1°40′44″W / 53.2175°N 1.6788°W / 53.2175; -1.6788
Holme Bridge1 River Wye 1664; five segmental arches. Grade I listed,[37] Scheduled monument.[38] Carries public bridleway.
Derbyshire Edale
53°22′16″N 1°48′58″W / 53.3710°N 1.8161°W / 53.3710; -1.8161
Gibraltar Bridge1 Grindsbrook 18th-century; single span. Grade II listed.[39] Carries public footpath.
Derbyshire Edale
53°22′20″N 1°52′07″W / 53.3721°N 1.8687°W / 53.3721; -1.8687
Youngate or Jacob's Ladder Bridge1 River Noe Possibly 17th-century; single span. Grade II listed.[40] Carries public bridleway (part of the Pennine Way).
Derbyshire nr Errwood Hall
53°15′23″N 1°58′55″W / 53.2563°N 1.9820°W / 53.2563; -1.9820
Goyts Bridge1 River Goyt Moved to current position in 1968 from Goyt's Bridge hamlet. In open access land.
Derbyshire Hayfield
53°22′48″N 1°55′35″W / 53.3801°N 1.9263°W / 53.3801; -1.9263
Bowden Bridge1 River Kinder Probably 18th-century; single-span. Grade II listed.[41] Carries public footpath.
Derbyshire/Staffordshire Hollinsclough
53°11′56″N 1°54′26″W / 53.1988°N 1.9072°W / 53.1988; -1.9072
Hopping Packhorse Bridge1 River Dove Single semicircular arch.[2]: 114–115  Carries public bridleway.
Derbyshire/Staffordshire Hollinsclough
53°12′12″N 1°55′24″W / 53.2034°N 1.9232°W / 53.2034; -1.9232
Washgate Bridge1 River Dove Early 18th-century; single-span. Grade II listed, "A rare example of a perfectly preserved packhorse bridge."[42] Carries public byway.
Derbyshire/South Yorkshire Howden Reservoir
53°27′09″N 1°44′48″W / 53.4526°N 1.7467°W / 53.4526; -1.7467
Slippery Stones Bridge2 River Derwent 1672; two segmental arches. Rebuilt 1959 after relocation from Derwent village. Grade II listed,[43] Scheduled monument.[44] Carries public bridleway.
Derbyshire Lea Hall
53°03′28″N 1°42′26″W / 53.0577°N 1.7073°W / 53.0577; -1.7073
Bradbourne Brook 17th-century or earlier; single pointed arch. Formerly Grade II listed, now delisted.[45] On private land.
Derbyshire/South Yorkshire Longdendale
53°29′46″N 1°47′42″W / 53.4962°N 1.7950°W / 53.4962; -1.7950
Ladyshaw Bridge Salter's Brook 17th-century; single-span. Carries public byway, part of the Trans-Pennine Trail.
Derbyshire/Staffordshire Milldale
53°05′20″N 1°47′38″W / 53.0890°N 1.7938°W / 53.0890; -1.7938
Viator's Bridge1 River Dove 17th-century or earlier; two segmental arches. Grade II listed.[46] Carries public footpath. Mentioned in The Compleat Angler (1653) by Izaak Walton.
Derbyshire Youlgreave
53°10′24″N 1°40′48″W / 53.1732°N 1.6799°W / 53.1732; -1.6799
Bradford Packhorse Bridge1 River Bradford 18th-century, single segmental arch. Grade II listed.[47] Carries public bridleway.
Derbyshire Youlgreave
53°11′00″N 1°40′49″W / 53.1833°N 1.6804°W / 53.1833; -1.6804
Coalpit Bridge1 River Lathkill Mid-18th-century; three segmental arches. Grade II listed.[48] Carries public bridleway.
Devon Brendon
51°13′14″N 3°45′50″W / 51.2205°N 3.7639°W / 51.2205; -3.7639
Packhorse Bridge East Lyn River Probably 17th- or 18th-century; single round arch. Grade II listed.[49]
Devon Drewsteignton
50°41′44″N 3°46′52″W / 50.6955°N 3.7810°W / 50.6955; -3.7810
Fingle Bridge River Teign 17th-century Grade II* listed three-arch granite bridge carrying unclassified road with pedestrian refuges over cutwaters.[50]
Devon Membury
50°48′30″N 3°02′39″W / 50.8082°N 3.0442°W / 50.8082; -3.0442
Beckford Bridge1 River Yarty 18th- or 19th-century; single-span. Grade II listed,[51] Scheduled monument.[52]
Devon Sidford
50°42′10″N 3°13′22″W / 50.7029°N 3.2229°W / 50.7029; -3.2229
Sidford Bridge1 River Sid Said to be 12th-century. Grade II listed. Parapets of original packhorse bridge incorporated into widened road bridge of 1930 carrying A3052 road.[53]
Devon Westcott Barton, Marwood
51°07′37″N 4°06′03″W / 51.1269°N 4.1007°W / 51.1269; -4.1007
Knowl Water Probably 18th- or early 19th-century. Grade II listed.[54] Carries public footpath.
Dorset near Corfe Castle
50°39′45″N 2°02′55″W / 50.6626°N 2.0485°W / 50.6626; -2.0485
Sharford Bridge1 Corfe River Scheduled monument.[55] Carries public bridleway.
Dorset Fifehead Neville
50°53′57″N 2°19′33″W / 50.8993°N 2.3257°W / 50.8993; -2.3257
Fifehead Neville Packhorse Bridge1 River Divelish Probably medieval. Grade II listed; two pointed arches.[56] Carries footpath alongside ford on public road.
Dorset Gussage St Michael
50°54′45″N 2°01′42″W / 50.9126°N 2.0282°W / 50.9126; -2.0282
packhorse bridge River Allen Probably 18th-century; single semicircular arch. Grade II listed.[57] Carries public footpath.
Dorset Holwell
50°54′25″N 2°25′45″W / 50.9069°N 2.4291°W / 50.9069; -2.4291
packhorse bridge1 Caundle Brook Probably medieval, with 19th- and 20th-century alterations. Grade II listed.[58] Carries public bridleway.
Dorset Rampisham
50°49′07″N 2°37′24″W / 50.8187°N 2.6232°W / 50.8187; -2.6232
packhorse bridge1 River Frome 16th- or 17th-century alterations; three pointed arches. Grade II listed.[59] Carries public bridleway.
Dorset Sturminster Marshall
50°48′04″N 2°04′42″W / 50.8010°N 2.0782°W / 50.8010; -2.0782
packhorse bridge1 River Winterborne 17th-century; single cambered arch. Grade II listed.[60] Carries public bridleway.
Dorset Tarrant Monkton
50°52′51″N 2°04′45″W / 50.8808°N 2.0793°W / 50.8808; -2.0793
packhorse bridge1 River Tarrant Probably 17th-century; 3 segmental arches. Grade II listed.[61] Alongside ford on public road.
Durham Bowes
54°32′06″N 1°59′57″W / 54.5350°N 1.9992°W / 54.5350; -1.9992
Nabb Bridge1 Deepdale Beck 1699 per datestone (contra English Heritage listing, which says "Mid C18"); single segmental arch. Grade II listed.[62]
Durham Brafferton
54°34′06″N 1°31′58″W / 54.5682°N 1.5328°W / 54.5682; -1.5328
Ketton Packhorse Bridge1 River Skerne Late 17th- or early 18th-century; single segmental arch. Grade II listed.[63]
Durham Cornsay
54°47′39″N 1°46′55″W / 54.7941°N 1.7819°W / 54.7941; -1.7819
Pan Burn Possibly early 18th-century; single wide segmental arch. Grade II listed.[64] On private land.
Durham Egglestone Abbey
54°31′56″N 1°54′19″W / 54.5322°N 1.9052°W / 54.5322; -1.9052
Bow Bridge1 Thorsgill Beck 17th-century; single round arch.[2]: 56  Grade II listed.[65]
Durham Headlam
54°33′55″N 1°43′28″W / 54.5653°N 1.7245°W / 54.5653; -1.7245
packhorse bridge1 Headlam or Dyance Beck Probably 18th-century; single round arch. Grade II listed.[66]
Durham West Hope
54°28′44″N 1°57′09″W / 54.4788°N 1.9524°W / 54.4788; -1.9524
West Hope Packhorse Bridge1 Hill or Waitgill Beck Single segmental arch.[2]: 59 
Essex Feering
51°50′25″N 0°42′26″E / 51.8402°N 0.7071°E / 51.8402; 0.7071
Roman Arches River Blackwater c.1750; seven brick arches. Under restoration.[67]
Gloucestershire Slad
51°46′16″N 2°09′53″W / 51.7711°N 2.1647°W / 51.7711; -2.1647
packhorse bridge1 Dillay Brook Carries public footpath.
Gloucestershire/Warwickshire Todenham
52°02′09″N 1°38′38″W / 52.0357°N 1.6440°W / 52.0357; -1.6440
packhorse bridge1 Knee Brook Possibly 16th-century in origin, rebuilt 18th century; two semicircular arches. Grade II listed.[68] Carries public bridleway.
Gloucestershire Wickwar
51°35′29″N 2°23′22″W / 51.5914°N 2.3895°W / 51.5914; -2.3895
Sturt Bridge1 Little Avon River Also known as Roman Arch. Probably late medieval or 16th-/17th-century; two arches. Grade II listed.[69] Carries public footpath.
Greater Manchester Prestolee
53°33′08″N 2°22′36″W / 53.5523°N 2.3767°W / 53.5523; -2.3767
Prestolee Bridge1 River Irwell Late 18th-century; five semicircular arches with cutwaters. Grade II listed.[70]
Greater Manchester Strines
53°22′58″N 2°03′05″W / 53.3829°N 2.0515°W / 53.3829; -2.0515
Roman Bridge1 River Goyt 18th-century; single segmental span. Grade II listed.[71][72] Carries public bridleway.
Greater Manchester Uppermill
53°33′14″N 2°00′33″W / 53.5540°N 2.0091°W / 53.5540; -2.0091
Diggle Brook "Medieval". Adjacent to Oldham & Ripponden Trust Turnpike bridge (1864)[73] and Brownhill Bridge Mill, which is Grade II listed.[74]
Kent Eynsford
51°22′05″N 0°12′39″E / 51.3680°N 0.2109°E / 51.3680; 0.2109
Eynsford Bridge River Darent 17th-century, two round arches. Grade II listed.[75]
Lancashire Barrowford
53°51′28″N 2°12′38″W / 53.8577°N 2.2105°W / 53.8577; -2.2105
Higherford Old Bridge2 Pendle Water 16th/17th-century, parapets added 1814–15; single span. Grade II* listed,[76] Scheduled monument.[77]
Lancashire Bleasdale
53°54′24″N 2°39′44″W / 53.9066°N 2.6621°W / 53.9066; -2.6621
Brooks Packhorse Bridge1 River Brock Single-span. Listed per Hinchliffe,[2]: 61  but not in English Heritage listings.
Lancashire Catlow Bottoms
53°49′22″N 2°10′37″W / 53.8227°N 2.1770°W / 53.8227; -2.1770
packhorse bridge1 Catlow Brook "Perhaps C17"; single semicircular arch. Grade II listed.[78]
Lancashire Capernwray
53°54′15″N 2°19′44″W / 53.9041°N 2.3288°W / 53.9041; -2.3288
River Keer Date uncertain; single semi-elliptical arch. Grade II listed.[79]
Lancashire Sawley
54°08′27″N 2°43′22″W / 54.1408°N 2.7228°W / 54.1408; -2.7228
Swanside Bridge Smithies Brook 17th-century or earlier; single high segmental arch. Grade II listed.[80] Carries public footpath.
Lancashire Wycoller
53°50′58″N 2°06′15″W / 53.8494°N 2.1043°W / 53.8494; -2.1043
Wycoller Packhorse Bridge1 Wycoller Beck 17th-century or perhaps earlier; two segmental arches. Grade II* listed,[81] Scheduled monument.[82] Carries a public footpath.
Leicestershire Anstey
52°40′16″N 1°11′05″W / 52.6711°N 1.1847°W / 52.6711; -1.1847
Anstey Bridge1 Rothley Brook Also known as The Old Bridge. Dated by W.G.Hoskins as c. 1500, by Jervoise as late 17th-century, and by English Heritage as 16th/17th-century;[2]: 121  five arches. Grade II* listed,[83] Scheduled monument.[84] Carries public footpath.
Leicestershire Anstey
52°40′30″N 1°10′43″W / 52.6750°N 1.1785°W / 52.6750; -1.1785
King William's Bridge3 Rothley Brook Probably 17th-century; two round arches. Grade II listed.[85] Carries public bridleway.
Leicestershire Aylestone
52°36′12″N 1°09′46″W / 52.6033°N 1.1629°W / 52.6033; -1.1629
Aylestone Old Bridge1 River Soar Also known as the Roman Bridge. Probably 15th-century; eleven small arches (eight on bridge, three on causeway). Grade II* listed,[86] Scheduled monument.[87]
Leicestershire Medbourne
52°31′45″N 0°49′18″W / 52.5292°N 0.8218°W / 52.5292; -0.8218
packhorse bridge1 Medbourne Brook Possibly 13th-century; four arches. Scheduled monument.[88]
Leicestershire Rearsby
52°43′27″N 1°02′15″W / 52.7243°N 1.0375°W / 52.7243; -1.0375
Seven Arch Bridge1 Rearsby Brook Pevsner says medieval, but datestone says 1714; seven semicircular arches, one almost buried. Grade II listed.[89]
Leicestershire Thurcaston
52°41′34″N 1°09′57″W / 52.6929°N 1.1658°W / 52.6929; -1.1658
Sandham Bridge1 Rothley Brook Three similar bridges between Thurcaston and Cropston: Sandham Bridge (52°41′34″N 1°09′57″W / 52.6929°N 1.1658°W / 52.6929; -1.1658) and Coffin Bridge (52°41′24″N 1°10′25″W / 52.6900°N 1.1736°W / 52.6900; -1.1736), both with two arches, and a third, single-span, bridge at 52°41′33″N 1°09′56″W / 52.6924°N 1.1655°W / 52.6924; -1.1655. All three are 16th- or 17th-century and separately Grade II listed.[90][91][92]
Lincolnshire Utterby
53°25′10″N 0°02′13″W / 53.4194°N 0.0369°W / 53.4194; -0.0369
Utterby Packhorse Bridge1 14th-century; double chamfered cambered arch. Grade II* listed.[93]
Lincolnshire West Rasen
53°23′22″N 0°24′10″W / 53.3895°N 0.4028°W / 53.3895; -0.4028
Bishop's Bridge1 River Rase 15th-century; three segmental arches. Grade II* listed,[94] Scheduled monument.[95]
Norfolk Walsingham
52°53′38″N 0°52′37″E / 52.8940°N 0.8770°E / 52.8940; 0.8770
packhorse bridge1 River Stiffkey Original date unknown, probably reconstructed late 19th century; four small arches. Grade II listed.[96] In grounds of Walsingham Abbey.
Northamptonshire Charwelton
52°12′01″N 1°13′07″W / 52.2003°N 1.2186°W / 52.2003; -1.2186
Charwelton Bridge1 River Cherwell Probably 15th-century; two pointed arches. Grade II listed,[97] Scheduled monument.[98] Carries roadside pavement.
Northumberland Ovingham
54°58′02″N 1°52′15″W / 54.9672°N 1.8709°W / 54.9672; -1.8709
Ovingham Packhorse Bridge1 Whittle Burn 18th-century per English Heritage (Hinchliffe says 1698[2]: 65 ); two segmental arches. Grade II listed.[99]
North Yorkshire Aldbrough St John
54°29′51″N 1°41′21″W / 54.4975°N 1.6893°W / 54.4975; -1.6893
packhorse bridge1 Aldbrough Beck Possibly 16th- or 17th-century; three segmental pointed arches. Grade II listed.[100] Carries public footpath.
North Yorkshire Birstwith
54°02′17″N 1°38′29″W / 54.0381°N 1.6415°W / 54.0381; -1.6415
New Bridge1 River Nidd Also known as Haxby Bridge. 1822; single-span. Grade II listed.[101] Carries public right-of-way.
North Yorkshire Boltby
54°16′22″N 1°14′49″W / 54.2728°N 1.2470°W / 54.2728; -1.2470
packhorse bridge1 Gurtof Beck Single semicircular arch.[2]: 67 
North Yorkshire Clapham
54°07′07″N 2°23′30″W / 54.1185°N 2.3918°W / 54.1185; -2.3918
Brokken Bridge1 Clapham Beck Probably 18th-century; single segmental arch.[102] Carries public footpath.
North Yorkshire Croft-on-Tees
54°29′05″N 1°34′05″W / 54.4848°N 1.5680°W / 54.4848; -1.5680
Clow Beck Packhorse Bridge1 Clow Beck Possibly 15th-century; two segmental arches on differing alignments. Grade II listed.[103] Carries public bridleway.
North Yorkshire Danby
54°16′34″N 0°53′28″W / 54.2760°N 0.8910°W / 54.2760; -0.8910
Duck Bridge1 River Esk Ancient stone bridge over the River Esk, about 1 km North from Danby Castle.
North Yorkshire Glaisdale
54°26′20″N 0°47′32″W / 54.4389°N 0.7921°W / 54.4389; -0.7921
Beggars Bridge2 River Esk 1619; single segmental arch. Grade II* listed.[104] Carries public footpath.
North Yorkshire Hampsthwaite
54°01′25″N 1°36′17″W / 54.0236°N 1.6048°W / 54.0236; -1.6048
Cockhill Packhorse Bridge1 Cockhill Beck Probably 17th-century; single small semicircular arch. Grade II listed.[105]
North Yorkshire Hubberholme
54°12′18″N 2°06′03″W / 54.2049°N 2.1008°W / 54.2049; -2.1008
Crook Gill Bridge1 Crook Gill Single segmental arch.[2]: 72 
North Yorkshire Ivelet
54°22′32″N 2°06′16″W / 54.3756°N 2.1045°W / 54.3756; -2.1045
Ivelet Bridge2 River Swale Late 16th-century; single semicircular arch. Grade II* listed.[106]
North Yorkshire Knox nr Harrogate
54°00′54″N 1°33′06″W / 54.0150°N 1.5516°W / 54.0150; -1.5516
Knox or Spruisty Bridge1 Oak Beck 17th- or 18th-century; single slightly pointed arch. Grade II listed.[107]
North Yorkshire Linton
54°03′39″N 2°00′20″W / 54.0607°N 2.0055°W / 54.0607; -2.0055
Redmayne Packhorse Bridge1 Linton or Eller Beck Late 17th- or early 18th-century; single shallow arch with additional flood arch. Grade II listed.[108] Carries public byway alongside ford.
North Yorkshire Norwood
53°57′13″N 1°42′09″W / 53.9535°N 1.7025°W / 53.9535; -1.7025
Dob Park Bridge1 River Washburn Probably early 17th-century; single segmental arch. Grade II listed.[109] Carries public byway.
North Yorkshire Pickering
54°13′39″N 0°47′17″W / 54.2274°N 0.7880°W / 54.2274; -0.7880
Ings Bridge1 Pickering Beck Probably early 19th-century; single segmental arch. Grade II listed.[110] Adjacent to public road.
North Yorkshire Ravenseat, Swaledale
54°25′32″N 2°12′46″W / 54.4256°N 2.2129°W / 54.4256; -2.2129
Ravenseat Bridge1 Whitsundale Beck 18th-century; single segmental arch. Grade II listed.[111] Carries farm access.
North Yorkshire Romanby
54°20′10″N 1°27′03″W / 54.3360°N 1.4509°W / 54.3360; -1.4509
Packhorse Bridge1 Willow Beck 16th-century, repaired 1621; single segmental arch. Grade II listed.[112] Carries public footpath.
North Yorkshire Skipton
53°57′40″N 2°00′37″W / 53.9610°N 2.0102°W / 53.9610; -2.0102
Wilderness Beck Probably 17th-century; single arch. Grade II listed.[113] Carries public footpath.
North Yorkshire Sowerby
54°13′11″N 1°20′02″W / 54.2198°N 1.3339°W / 54.2198; -1.3339
Town End Bridge1 Cod Beck Also known as World's End Bridge. 1672; single segmental arch. Grade II listed.[114] Carries public footpath.
North Yorkshire Spofforth
53°57′31″N 1°26′58″W / 53.9585°N 1.4495°W / 53.9585; -1.4495
packhorse bridge River Crimple 18th-century; single arch. Grade II listed.[115]
North Yorkshire Stokesley
54°28′09″N 1°11′34″W / 54.4692°N 1.1927°W / 54.4692; -1.1927
Taylorson's Bridge1 River Leven 17th- or early 18th-century; single round arch. Grade II listed.[116]
North Yorkshire Thornthwaite
54°01′47″N 1°44′10″W / 54.0296°N 1.7361°W / 54.0296; -1.7361
Thornthwaite Packhorse Bridge1 Fall or Padside or Darley Beck Single segmental span. Scheduled monument.[117]
North Yorkshire Westerdale
54°26′47″N 0°58′40″W / 54.4464°N 0.9779°W / 54.4464; -0.9779
Hunter's Sty (Stee) Bridge2 River Esk 13th-century, restored 1874; single round span. Scheduled monument.[118] Carries public footpath.
North Yorkshire Yockenthwaite
54°12′26″N 2°08′52″W / 54.2071°N 2.1477°W / 54.2071; -2.1477
Yockenthwaite Bridge2 River Wharfe Probably early 18th-century; single segmental arch. Grade II listed.[119]
Nottinghamshire Ratcliffe-on-Soar
52°52′05″N 1°16′13″W / 52.8681°N 1.2702°W / 52.8681; -1.2702
Red Hill Lock Bridge River Soar
(Loughborough Navigation)
Late 18th- or early 19th-century; single semicircular brick arch. Grade II listed.[120] Although described as such in the official listing, this canal bridge is not a packhorse bridge by most accepted definitions.
Shropshire Clun
52°25′13″N 3°01′49″W / 52.4204°N 3.0303°W / 52.4204; -3.0303
Clun Bridge River Clun Probably 16th-century; five segmental arches. Grade II listed.[121] Carries A488 road.
Shropshire Rushbury
52°31′11″N 2°43′08″W / 52.5197°N 2.7190°W / 52.5197; -2.7190
Rushbury Packhorse Bridge1 Eaton Brook 17th-century; single segmental arch. Grade II listed.[122] Carries public bridleway.
Somerset Allerford
51°12′40″N 3°34′08″W / 51.2110°N 3.5688°W / 51.2110; -3.5688
Allerford Bridge1 River Aller Medieval; two segmental-headed arches. Grade II* listed,[123] Scheduled monument.[124] Adjoins public road through ford.
Somerset Bruton
51°06′42″N 2°27′12″W / 51.1118°N 2.4534°W / 51.1118; -2.4534
Bow Bridge, Plox1 River Brue Possibly 15th-century; single-span. Grade I listed,[125] Scheduled monument.[126]
Somerset Charterhouse
51°17′54″N 2°43′16″W / 51.2983°N 2.7210°W / 51.2983; -2.7210
17th- or 18th-century; single low segmental arch. Grade II listed.[127]
Somerset Chew Stoke
51°21′11″N 2°38′10″W / 51.3531°N 2.6360°W / 51.3531; -2.6360
packhorse bridge3 Strode Brook Two round arches.
Somerset Chewton Keynsham
51°23′45″N 2°29′52″W / 51.3959°N 2.4978°W / 51.3959; -2.4978
Chewton Packhorse Bridge River Chew Early 18th-century; two segmental arches. Grade II listed,[128] Scheduled monument.[129] Carries public byway.
Somerset Dowlish Wake
50°54′38″N 2°53′21″W / 50.9106°N 2.8893°W / 50.9106; -2.8893
Dowlish Wake Packhorse Bridge Dowlish Brook 17th- or 18th-century rebuild of medieval bridge; four round arches (two inserted 1994–97 for flood relief purposes).[130] Grade II listed.[131] Carries public footpath alongside road.
Somerset Dunster
51°10′45″N 3°26′49″W / 51.1792°N 3.4470°W / 51.1792; -3.4470
Gallox Bridge1 River Avill Possibly 15th-century; two round arches. Grade I listed,[132] Scheduled monument. Carries public bridleway.
Somerset Ilchester
51°00′28″N 2°42′50″W / 51.0077°N 2.7140°W / 51.0077; -2.7140
Pill Bridge1 River Ivel 17th-century; three semicircular arches. Grade II listed,[133] Scheduled monument.[134] Carries public bridleway.
Somerset Horner
51°11′55″N 3°34′47″W / 51.1985°N 3.5797°W / 51.1985; -3.5797
Hacketty Way Bridge1 River Horner Late medieval; single-span. Grade II* listed,[135] Scheduled monument.[136] Carries public bridleway.
Somerset West Luccombe
51°12′13″N 3°34′40″W / 51.2035°N 3.5777°W / 51.2035; -3.5777
West Luccombe packhorse bridge River Horner Late medieval; single-span. Grade II* listed,[137] Scheduled monument.[138] Carries public footpath.
Somerset Oare
51°12′57″N 3°43′52″W / 51.2159°N 3.7310°W / 51.2159; -3.7310
Malmsmead Bridge Badgworthy Water 17th–18th-century; two rounded arches. Grade II listed.[139] Carries public road.
Somerset Oare
51°12′18″N 3°41′25″W / 51.2050°N 3.6904°W / 51.2050; -3.6904
Robber's Bridge Weir Water Carries public road.
Somerset Queen Camel
51°01′22″N 2°34′48″W / 51.0229°N 2.5799°W / 51.0229; -2.5799
packhorse bridge1 River Cam Carries public footpath.
Somerset Rode
51°17′03″N 2°17′25″W / 51.2842°N 2.2903°W / 51.2842; -2.2903
Scutt's Bridge1 River Frome Three semicircular arches. Grade II listed.[140] Carries public footpath.
Somerset Tellisford
51°17′59″N 2°16′48″W / 51.2996°N 2.2799°W / 51.2996; -2.2799
Tellisford Bridge2 River Frome Three semicircular arches. Grade II listed.[141] Carries public footpath.
Somerset Watchet
51°10′28″N 3°20′55″W / 51.1745°N 3.3486°W / 51.1745; -3.3486
Kentsford Bridge1 Washford River Probably late medieval; two segmental arches. Grade II listed.[142] Carries public footpath.
Somerset Wellow
51°19′17″N 2°22′21″W / 51.3213°N 2.3725°W / 51.3213; -2.3725
Wellow Bridge Wellow Brook Late medieval; two round arches. Grade II listed.[143] Carries public footpath.
Somerset Winsford
51°07′31″N 3°37′12″W / 51.1254°N 3.6201°W / 51.1254; -3.6201
Lyncombe Bridge River Exe 17th- or 18th-century, possibly earlier. Grade II listed.[144]
Somerset Winsford
51°06′19″N 3°33′52″W / 51.1053°N 3.5644°W / 51.1053; -3.5644
Old Vicarage Bridge1 River Exe Medieval, restored 1952; two semicircular arches. Grade II listed.[145] Carries public footpath, just upstream of 19th-century road bridge (also called Vicarage Bridge).
Somerset Winsford
51°06′10″N 3°33′53″W / 51.1027°N 3.5646°W / 51.1027; -3.5646
packhorse bridge1 Winn Brook Medieval, restored 1952; single semicircular arch. Grade II listed.[146]
South Yorkshire Longshaw
53°19′45″N 1°36′21″W / 53.3291°N 1.6059°W / 53.3291; -1.6059
Burbage Brook Bridge1 Burbage Brook c. 1750; single segmental arch. Grade II listed.[147] On open access moorland, near to Carl Wark.
South Yorkshire Oxspring
53°31′10″N 1°35′55″W / 53.5195°N 1.5986°W / 53.5195; -1.5986
Willow Bridge1 River Don Probably 17th-century; single slightly pointed arch. Grade II listed.[148] On public bridleway, part of the Trans-Pennine Trail.
South Yorkshire Rivelin Valley
53°22′53″N 1°33′44″W / 53.3814°N 1.5622°W / 53.3814; -1.5622
packhorse bridge1 River Rivelin c. 1775; single elliptical arch. Grade II listed.[149] In Country Park.
South Yorkshire Wharncliffe Side
53°26′42″N 1°33′41″W / 53.4449°N 1.5615°W / 53.4449; -1.5615
Glen Howe Packhorse Bridge2 Tinker Brook Formerly New Mill Bridge. 1734; single elliptical arch. Grade II listed.[150] In public park; resited during construction of Ewden Reservoir.
Staffordshire Great Haywood
52°48′02″N 2°00′31″W / 52.8006°N 2.0086°W / 52.8006; -2.0086
Essex Bridge1 River Trent Probably 16th-century; fourteen round arches. Described as "perhaps the least altered old bridge in the county"[151] and "the longest packhorse bridge in the country".[2]: 129  Grade I listed,[151] Scheduled monument.[152] Carries public bridleway.
Staffordshire Tamworth
52°37′52″N 1°41′20″W / 52.631°N 1.689°W / 52.631; -1.689
The Old Bolebridge River Anker No longer extant; demolished c.1878–79.[153]
Staffordshire Wetton, Staffordshire
53°06′07″N 1°51′33″W / 53.1020°N 1.8592°W / 53.1020; -1.8592
Wetton or Wettonmill Bridge River Manifold Early 19th-century; four semicircular arches with triangular section buttresses. Described as a packhorse bridge by English Heritage,[154] though perhaps more accurately a cart bridge. Carries public byway.
Suffolk Cavenham
52°17′45″N 0°35′19″E / 52.2958°N 0.5886°E / 52.2958; 0.5886
Stone Bridge2 tributary of River Lark Probably 16th-century; single segmental brick arch. Grade II listed.[155] Adjacent to public road.
Suffolk Moulton
52°15′10″N 0°29′08″E / 52.2528°N 0.4855°E / 52.2528; 0.4855
Moulton Packhorse Bridge1 River Kennett ca. 1446[156] with 18th-century alterations;[4] four pointed arches. Grade II* listed,[157] Scheduled monument.[158] Carries public footpath.
Surrey Ewell
51°21′35″N 0°15′49″W / 51.3596°N 0.2637°W / 51.3596; -0.2637
The Packhorse Bridge Hogsmill River 18th-century; single semicircular brick arch. Grade II listed.[159]
Surrey Gomshall
51°13′14″N 0°26′56″W / 51.2206°N 0.4490°W / 51.2206; -0.4490
River Tillingbourne 15th-century; three arches. Grade II listed.[160]
Warwickshire Shustoke
52°30′59″N 1°41′25″W / 52.5165°N 1.6904°W / 52.5165; -1.6904
Blyth Hall Packhorse Bridge River Blythe 18th-century; three semicircular arches. Grade II listed.[161]
West Midlands Hampton-in-Arden
52°25′07″N 1°41′16″W / 52.4186°N 1.6878°W / 52.4186; -1.6878
Hampton-in-Arden packhorse bridge2 River Blythe 15th-century; three stone and two brick arches. Grade II* listed,[162] Scheduled monument.[163]
West Yorkshire Bingley
53°50′32″N 1°50′30″W / 53.8422°N 1.8418°W / 53.8422; -1.8418
Beckfoot Bridge1 Harden Beck c.1723; single-span. Grade II listed.[164] Carries public footpath.
West Yorkshire Clayton West
53°36′04″N 1°36′27″W / 53.6010°N 1.6074°W / 53.6010; -1.6074
Park Mill Bridge1 River Dearne Probably 18th-century; single-span. Grade II listed.[165] Carries public right-of-way.
West Yorkshire Colden
53°45′11″N 2°03′48″W / 53.7531°N 2.0633°W / 53.7531; -2.0633
Strines Bridge1 Colden Water Possibly 17th-century; single segmental arch. Grade II listed.[166] Carries public footpath; contra Hinchliffe, the English Heritage listing calls it a "fine graceful example of the packhorse type of bridge, but which having steps was probably only ever used as a foot-bridge...."[167]
West Yorkshire Goose Eye
53°51′38″N 1°58′24″W / 53.8605°N 1.9734°W / 53.8605; -1.9734
Dean Beck Date unknown; single arch. Grade II listed.[168] Adjacent to clapper bridge; carries public bridleway.
West Yorkshire Haworth
53°50′03″N 1°58′13″W / 53.8343°N 1.9704°W / 53.8343; -1.9704
Long Bridge1 River Worth Date uncertain; single-span. Grade II listed.[169] Carries public footpath.
West Yorkshire Hebden Bridge
53°44′31″N 2°00′48″W / 53.7420°N 2.0133°W / 53.7420; -2.0133
The Old Bridge2 Hebden Water Also known as Hepton Brig.[2]: 93  c.1510; three segmental arches. Grade II* listed.[170] Carries public right-of-way.
West Yorkshire Loxley
53°24′05″N 1°33′02″W / 53.4015°N 1.5505°W / 53.4015; -1.5505
River Loxley Probably 18th-century, restored 1864. Grade II listed.[171]
West Yorkshire Marsden
53°36′20″N 1°57′29″W / 53.6055°N 1.9580°W / 53.6055; -1.9580
Close Gate Bridge1 Haigh Clough 17th- or 18th-century; single-span. Grade II* listed.[172]
West Yorkshire Marsden
53°36′06″N 1°55′49″W / 53.6017°N 1.9304°W / 53.6017; -1.9304
Mellor Bridge1 River Colne 17th- or 18th-century; single-span. Grade II* listed.[173] Carries public footpath.
West Yorkshire Meanwood
53°49′16″N 1°33′41″W / 53.8212°N 1.5613°W / 53.8212; -1.5613
Meanwood Beck Early 18th-century. Grade II listed, "a rare survival of a pack-horse bridge sited within a suburban setting".[174]
West Yorkshire Oxenhope
53°49′12″N 1°56′47″W / 53.8201°N 1.9465°W / 53.8201; -1.9465
North Ives or Donkey Bridge1 Bridgehouse Beck Date uncertain; single steeply arched span. Grade II listed.[175] Carries public footpath.
West Yorkshire Rishworth Moor
53°38′20″N 1°59′38″W / 53.6389°N 1.9938°W / 53.6389; -1.9938
Oxygrains Old Bridge2 Oxygrains Clough Probably early 17th-century;[176] single-span. Scheduled monument.[177] On Access Land.
West Yorkshire Ripponden
53°40′28″N 1°56′24″W / 53.6745°N 1.9399°W / 53.6745; -1.9399
Waterloo or Ripponden Old Bridge2 River Ryburn 1752;[178] single-span. Grade II* listed,[179] Scheduled monument.[180] Public road.
West Yorkshire Stanbury
53°50′03″N 1°58′42″W / 53.8342°N 1.9784°W / 53.8342; -1.9784
Lumbfoot Bridge1 River Worth Date uncertain; single-span. Grade II listed.[181] Carries public footpath.
West Yorkshire Wakefield
53°40′33″N 1°29′22″W / 53.6759°N 1.4895°W / 53.6759; -1.4895
Little Bridge1 River Calder Probably 18th-century; three elliptical arches. Grade II listed.[182]
West Yorkshire Wadsworth
53°46′45″N 2°00′47″W / 53.7791°N 2.0130°W / 53.7791; -2.0130
Lumb Bridge1 Crimsworth Dean Beck Probably early 18th-century; single-span. Grade II listed.[183] Carries public bridleway.
Wiltshire Coombe Bissett
51°02′12″N 1°50′46″W / 51.0368°N 1.8461°W / 51.0368; -1.8461
packhorse bridge2 River Ebble Medieval, widened in the 19th century; three low two-centred arches. Grade II listed.[184] Carries public footpath.
Wiltshire Melksham
51°21′28″N 2°10′15″W / 51.3577°N 2.1708°W / 51.3577; -2.1708
packhorse bridge1 River Avon 1725; four segmental arches. Grade II listed.[185] Carries public footpath.
Worcestershire Astley
52°18′10″N 2°18′40″W / 52.3028°N 2.3112°W / 52.3028; -2.3112
New Bridge Dick Brook Late 18th- or early 19th-century, possibly earlier, single arch. Grade II listed.[186] Carries public bridleway.
Worcestershire Shell
52°14′07″N 2°04′22″W / 52.2352°N 2.0729°W / 52.2352; -2.0729
Shell Packhorse Bridge1 Bow Brook 17th-century or earlier, two round arches. Grade II listed.[187] Adjacent to ford on public road.

Isle of ManEdit

County Location Name Photograph Crosses Notes
Isle of Man Ballasalla
54°06′07″N 4°37′53″W / 54.1020°N 4.6313°W / 54.1020; -4.6313
Crossag or Monks' Bridge Silver Burn c. 1350; two slightly pointed arches. "It is believed to be the best example of [a] medieval bridge in the British Isles."[188]

ScotlandEdit

County Location Name Photograph Crosses Notes
Borders Stow of Wedale
55°41′24″N 2°51′46″W / 55.69°N 2.8629°W / 55.69; -2.8629
Luggate Water Bridge Gala Water c.1790; three segmental arches. Grade B listed.[189]
Fife Coaltown of Balgonie
56°10′21″N 3°07′00″W / 56.1726°N 3.1166°W / 56.1726; -3.1166
Barrel Brig River Ore, Fife Early 18th century; double-span with cutwaters. Grade B listed, Scheduled monument.[190][191]
Highland Carrbridge
57°17′02″N 3°48′57″W / 57.2838°N 3.8158°W / 57.2838; -3.8158
Carr Bridge River Dulnain 1717; single-span. Grade B listed,[192] Scheduled monument.[193]
Highland John o' Groats
58°38′35″N 3°05′07″W / 58.6430°N 3.0853°W / 58.6430; -3.0853
Huna Burn 1651; single-span. Grade B listed.[194]
South Lanarkshire East Kilbride
55°43′46″N 4°13′38″W / 55.7295°N 4.2271°W / 55.7295; -4.2271
Craig Mill Packhorse Bridge White Cart Water Single-span. Grade B listed.[195]

WalesEdit

County Location Name Photograph Crosses Notes
Blaenau Gwent Aberbeeg
51°42′36″N 3°08′39″W / 51.7101°N 3.1442°W / 51.7101; -3.1442
Ebbw Fach River Grade II listed.[196]
Conwy Penmachno
53°03′36″N 3°46′51″W / 53.0599°N 3.7807°W / 53.0599; -3.7807
Roman Bridge River Machno Grade II listed.[197]
Flintshire Caergwrle
53°06′39″N 3°02′12″W / 53.1109°N 3.0367°W / 53.1109; -3.0367
Caergwrle Packhorse Bridge River Alyn Mid-17th-century; "one of the finest examples in Wales".[198] Grade II listed.[199]
Flintshire Ffrith
53°05′24″N 3°03′57″W / 53.0901°N 3.0657°W / 53.0901; -3.0657
Ffrith Bridge River Cegidog Probably 18th-century; single-span. Grade II listed, Scheduled monument.[200]
Gwynedd Dyffryn Ardudwy
52°47′31″N 4°01′31″W / 52.7919°N 4.0253°W / 52.7919; -4.0253
Pont Scethin River Ysgethin Probably 18th-century; single arch. Scheduled monument.[201]
Gwynedd Minllyn
52°42′25″N 3°41′46″W / 52.7070°N 3.6961°W / 52.7070; -3.6961
Pont Minllyn River Dovey Probably 17th-century; two segmental arches. Grade II listed,[202] Scheduled monument.[203]
Powys Llangenny
51°51′49″N 3°06′24″W / 51.8636°N 3.1067°W / 51.8636; -3.1067
Grwyne Fawr Grade II listed.[204]
Swansea Cheriton
51°36′40″N 4°13′34″W / 51.6111°N 4.2262°W / 51.6111; -4.2262
Kittlehill Packhorse Bridge Burry Pill Grade II listed.[205]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Packhorse Cargo". cottontown.org. Retrieved January 9, 2007.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Hinchliffe, Ernest (1994). A Guide to the Packhorse Bridges of England. Milnrow, Cumbria: Cicerone Press. ISBN 1-85284-143-5.
  3. ^ Lay, Maxwell G. (199). Ways of the World: A History of the World's Roads. Rutgers University Press. pp. 23–25, 96.
  4. ^ a b "History of Moulton Packhorse Bridge". English Heritage. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  5. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge (Grade II) (1321630)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  6. ^ Historic England. "Sutton Packhorse Bridge (1004501)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  7. ^ a b Historic England. "Central and easternmost Packhorse Bridges and adjoining causeway (Grade II) (1330298)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  8. ^ a b Jervoise, E. (1931). The Ancient Bridges of the North of England. Architectural Press.
  9. ^ Historic England. "Westernmost of the 3 Packhorse Bridges (Grade II) (1130564)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  10. ^ Historic England. "The Packhorse Bridge (Grade II) (1237830)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  11. ^ Historic England. "Three Shire Heads Bridge (Grade II) (1145883)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  12. ^ Historic England. "Footbridge and Pack Horse Bridge 200 Metres to South East of Bowithick (Grade II) (1328085)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  13. ^ Historic England. "The West Bridge (Grade I) (1196031)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  14. ^ Historic England. "High Sweden Bridge (Grade II) (1244787)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  15. ^ Historic England. "High Beckfoot Bridge (Grade II) (1086922)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  16. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge North of Calva Hall (Grade II) (1138225)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  17. ^ Historic England. "Drigg Holme packhorse bridge (1007107)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  18. ^ Historic England. "Doctor Bridge (Grade II) (1336032)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  19. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse bridge over Rais Beck circa 120 yards north east of Fawcett Mill (Grade II) (1158240)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  20. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge to North East of Knock Pike (Grade II) (1144944)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  21. ^ Historic England. "Slaters Bridge (That Part in the Lakes Urban District) (Grade II*) (1245295)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  22. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge to West of Lowgill Viaduct (Grade II) (1137685)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  23. ^ Historic England. "Devils Bridge (Grade II) (1311386)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  24. ^ Historic England. "Stockley Bridge (Grade II) (1107901)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  25. ^ Historic England. "Parish Crag Bridge over Swindale Beck (Grade II) (1145386)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  26. ^ "Park Bridge". Old Cumbria Gazetteer. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
  27. ^ Historic England. "Pack horse bridge over Stainton Beck (Grade II) (1086531)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  28. ^ "Row Bridge North of Hotel, Wasdale". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 13 November 2012.
  29. ^ Historic England. "Row bridge, north of Hotel (Grade II) (1343669)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  30. ^ "Watendlath Packhorse Bridge, Borrowdale". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 13 November 2012.
  31. ^ Historic England. "Watendlath Packhorse Bridge (Grade II) (1119616)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  32. ^ "Monks Bridge over River Calder to South East of Farthwaite Farmhouse, Ennerdale and Kinniside". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 13 November 2012.
  33. ^ Historic England. "Monks' Bridge over River Calder to South-east of Farthwaite farmhouse (Grade II) (1086694)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  34. ^ Historic England. "Pack Horse Bridge Beside A5074 a Quarter of a Mile North West of High Mill House, Crook (Grade II) (1086603)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  35. ^ Historic England. "Winster Bridge (That Part in Cartmel), Cartmel Fell (Grade II) (1224963)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  36. ^ Historic England. "Sheepwash Bridge, Ashford in the Water (Grade II*) (1335270)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  37. ^ Historic England. "Holme Bridge, Bakewell (Grade I) (1247518)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  38. ^ "Holm (sic) Bridge". ancientmonuments.info. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
  39. ^ Historic England. "Gibralter (sic) Bridge, Edale (Grade II) (1096616)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  40. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge at Foot of Jacobs Ladder, Edale (Grade II) (1096620)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  41. ^ Historic England. "Old Packhorse Bridge, Hayfield (Grade II) (1088005)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  42. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge, Hartington Upper Quarter (Grade II) (1087900)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  43. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge, Bradfield (Grade II) (1087992)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  44. ^ "Reconstructed packhorse bridge from Derwent Hall". ancientmonuments.info. Retrieved 4 November 2012.
  45. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge at OS 197512, Tissington and Lea Hall (Grade II) (1122749)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  46. ^ Historic England. "Viators Bridge, Alstonefield (Grade II) (1203573)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  47. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge over River Bradford 120 Metres South East of Braemar House, Harthill (Grade II) (1109856)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  48. ^ Historic England. "Coal Pit Bridge over the River Lathkill, Youlgreave (Grade II) (1334999)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  49. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge Approximately 30 Metres to West of Leeford Bridge (That Part in Brendon CP), Brendon (Grade II) (1212839)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  50. ^ Historic England. "Fingle Bridge (1146775)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
  51. ^ Historic England. "Beckford Bridge, Dalwood (Grade II) (1098481)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  52. ^ "Beckford Bridge". ancientmonuments.info. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
  53. ^ Historic England. "Bridge, Sidmouth (Grade II) (1287481)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  54. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge Approximately 20 Metres west of Westcott Barton, Marwood, Devon (Grade II) (1107127)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  55. ^ "Sharford Footbridge". ancientmonuments.info. Retrieved 17 November 2012.
  56. ^ Historic England. "Footbridge over the River Divelish, Fifehead Neville (Grade II*) (1110485)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  57. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge Approximately 35m South of Ryall's Farmhouse., Gussage St Michael (Grade II) (1323486)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  58. ^ Historic England. "Bridge 60 Metres North of St Laurence's Church Bridge (Grade II) (1118883)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  59. ^ Historic England. "Bridge 55 Metres North North East of the Manor House, Rampisham (Grade II) (1119420)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  60. ^ Historic England. "Footbridge over the River Winterbourne, 200 Metres West of King Street, Sturminster Marshall (Grade II) (1303766)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  61. ^ Historic England. "Footbridge over the River Tarrant of Monkton Ford, Tarrant Monkton (Grade II) (1118503)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  62. ^ Historic England. "Nabb Bridge, 160 Metres West of Nabb House, Bowes (Grade II) (1310969)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  63. ^ Historic England. "Ketton Packhorse Bridge, Whessoe (Grade II) (1185904)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  64. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge over Pan Burn South of Low Mill Farm, Cornsay (Grade II) (1185951)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  65. ^ Historic England. "Bow Bridge or Thorsgill Beck Packhorse Bridge, Westwick (Grade II) (1310503)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  66. ^ Historic England. "Pack-Horse Bridge, Headlam (Grade II) (1121080)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  67. ^ "The Packhorse Bridge between Kelvedon and Feering". Retrieved 5 November 2012.
  68. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge over Knee Brook, Todenham (Grade II) (1089487)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  69. ^ Historic England. "Sturt Bridge at National Grid Reference ST 7313 8812, Hawkesbury (Grade II) (1128749)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  70. ^ Historic England. "Prestolee Bridge over River Irwell, Bolton (Grade II) (1162287)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  71. ^ "Roman Bridge, Stockport". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 17 November 2012.
  72. ^ Historic England. "Roman Bridge (Grade II) (1242214)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  73. ^ "Highways Heritage Walks: By Turnpike and Towpath in Saddleworth". Milestone Society. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
  74. ^ Historic England. "Brownhill Bridge Mill (Grade II) (1309426)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
  75. ^ Historic England. "Eynsford Bridge, Eynsford (Grade II) (1222305)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  76. ^ Historic England. "Higherford Old Bridge, Barrowford (Grade II*) (1273194)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  77. ^ "Higherford Old Bridge". ancientmonuments.info. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
  78. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge at SD 884 362, Nelson (Grade II) (1072665)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  79. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge, 130 Metres Downstream from Keer Bridge (Aqueduct) by Mill House, Borwick (Grade II) (1318049)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  80. ^ Historic England. "Swanside Bridge (Grade II) (1317311)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  81. ^ Historic England. "Pack Horse Bridge, Trawden Forest (Grade II*) (1243828)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  82. ^ "Wycoller packhorse bridge". ancientmonuments.info. Retrieved 6 November 2012.
  83. ^ Historic England. "Pack Horse Bridge, Anstey (Grade II*) (1177116)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  84. ^ "Packhorse bridge". ancientmonuments.info. 1 June 1966. Retrieved 17 November 2012.
  85. ^ Historic England. "King William's Bridge, Anstey (Grade II) (1361407)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  86. ^ Historic England. "Aylestone Old Bridge, Leicester (Grade II*) (1074055)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  87. ^ "The 'Roman' bridge, Aylestone". ancientmonuments.info. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
  88. ^ "Bridge at Medbourne". ancientmonuments.info. Retrieved 17 November 2012.
  89. ^ Historic England. "Bridge, Rearsby (Grade II) (1361184)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  90. ^ Historic England. "Sandham Bridge, Thurcaston and Cropston (Grade II) (1361097)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  91. ^ Historic England. "Coffin Bridge, Thurcaston and Cropston (Grade II) (1074629)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  92. ^ Historic England. "Bridge Near Sandham Bridge, Thurcaston and Cropston (Grade II) (1074626)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  93. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge, Utterby (Grade II*) (1168183)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  94. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge over River Rasen, West Rasen (Grade II*) (1063403)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  95. ^ "Packhorse bridge". ancientmonuments.info. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
  96. ^ Historic England. "Pack Horse Bridge North East of the Abbey in Abbey Grounds, Walsingham (Grade II) (1039370)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  97. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge over River Cherwell, Charwelton (Grade II*) (1075316)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  98. ^ "Charwelton Bridge, Northamptonshire". ancientmonuments.info. Retrieved 4 November 2012.
  99. ^ Historic England. "Footbridge, Ovingham (Grade II) (1044945)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  100. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge over Aldbrough Beck, Aldbrough (Grade II) (1316888)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  101. ^ Historic England. "New Bridge, Birstwith (Grade II) (1150597)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  102. ^ Historic England. "Brokken Bridge, Clapham cum Newby (Grade II) (1132404)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  103. ^ Historic England. "Clow Beck Pack Horse Bridge, Near Monk End Farm, Croft-on-Tees (Grade II) (1393924)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  104. ^ Historic England. "Beggars Bridge, Glaisdale (Grade II*) (1296156)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  105. ^ Historic England. "Cockhill Packhorse Bridge, Hampsthwaite (Grade II) (1150414)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  106. ^ Historic England. "Ivelet Bridge, Muker (Grade II*) (1179137)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  107. ^ Historic England. "Spruisty Bridge, Harrogate (Grade II) (1149448)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  108. ^ Historic England. "Bridge at Ford over Linton Beck, Linton (Grade II) (1132118)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  109. ^ Historic England. "Dob Park Bridge, Norwood (Grade II) (1295637)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  110. ^ Historic England. "Ings Bridge, Pickering (Grade II) (1260661)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  111. ^ Historic England. "Bridge Between Ravenseat Farmhouse and Ravenseat Cottage, Muker (Grade II) (1131533)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  112. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge, Romanby (Grade II) (1190645)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  113. ^ Historic England. "Pack-Horse Bridge over Wilderness Beck, Skipton (Grade II) (1131854)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  114. ^ Historic England. "Town End Bridge, Sowerby (Grade II) (1189109)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  115. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge Approximately 1 Metre to West of Old Corn Mill, Spofforth with Stockeld (Grade II) (1174937)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  116. ^ Historic England. "Pack Horse Bridge, Stokesley (Grade II) (1150225)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  117. ^ "Thornthwaite Packhorse Bridge, 140m North East of Church House". ancientmonuments.info. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  118. ^ "Hunter's Sty Bridge". ancientmonuments.info. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  119. ^ Historic England. "The Bridge, Buckden (sic) (Grade II) (1132216)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  120. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge Redhill Lock, Ratcliffe on Soar (Grade II) (1242237)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  121. ^ Historic England. "Clun Bridge, Clun (Grade II*) (1054499)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  122. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge, Rushbury (Grade II) (1383383)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  123. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge at NGR SS 9051 4691, Selworthy (Grade II*) (1058014)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  124. ^ "Allerford Packhorse Bridge, Immediately North of Cross Lane Farm". ancientmonuments.info. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
  125. ^ Historic England. "Bow Bridge, Bruton (Grade I) (1176195)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  126. ^ "The Packhorse Bridge 100m North West of the Church of St Mary". ancientmonuments.info. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
  127. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge on Roadside at NGR ST 4983 5571, Priddy (Grade II) (1345130)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  128. ^ Historic England. "Chewton Pack Horse Bridge at St 654 664 to East of Chewton Keynsham, Keynsham (Grade II) (1384604)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  129. ^ "Chewton Keynsham packhorse bridge". ancientmonuments.info. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  130. ^ "Watching Brief and Recording (1994–97), Dowlish Wake Packhorse Bridge, Dowlish Wake". 11 October 2004. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
  131. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge, Dowlish Wake (Grade II) (1366407)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  132. ^ Historic England. "Gallox Bridge, Dunster (Grade I) (1296207)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  133. ^ Historic England. "Pill Bridge, Long Sutton (Grade II) (1223184)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  134. ^ "Pill Bridge". ancientmonuments.info. Retrieved 17 November 2012.
  135. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge at NGR SS 8974 4554, Luccombe (Grade II*) (1057326)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  136. ^ "Horner packhorse bridge". ancientmonuments.info. Retrieved 4 November 2012.
  137. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge at NGR SS 8987 4608, Luccombe (Grade II*) (1174852)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  138. ^ "West Luccombe packhorse bridge". ancientmonuments.info. Retrieved 4 November 2012.
  139. ^ Historic England. "Malsmead Bridge at NGR SS 7919 4770, Oare (Grade II) (1173396)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  140. ^ Historic England. "Scutt's Bridge over River Frome at NGR ST 7985 5394, Tellisford (Grade II) (1058903)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  141. ^ Historic England. "Bridge over River Frome at NGR ST 8058 5565, Tellisford (Grade II) (1176205)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  142. ^ Historic England. "Bridge, About 50 Metres South West of Kentsford Farmhouse, Williton (Grade II) (1345669)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  143. ^ Historic England. "Wellow Bridge, Wellow (Grade II) (1311421)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  144. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge at NGR SS 8670 3748, About 50 Metres West of Lyncombe, Winsford (Grade II*) (1174159)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  145. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge over River Exe at NGR SS 9057 3516, Winsford (Grade II) (1345401)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  146. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge over Winn Brook at NGR SS 9055 3488, Winsford (Grade II) (1174193)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  147. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge Approximately 850 Metres North of Burbage Brook, Sheffield (Grade II) (1255107)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  148. ^ Historic England. "Willow Bridge, Approximately 300 Metres North of Willow Lane Bungalow, Oxspring (Grade II) (1151024)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  149. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge 70 Metyres (sic) East of Rails Road Bridge, Sheffield (Grade II) (1271042)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  150. ^ Historic England. "Glen Howe Packhorse Bridge, Approximately 100 Metres Upstream of Cottage, Bradfield (Grade II) (1281510)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  151. ^ a b "Essex Bridge, Colwich". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 4 November 2012.
  152. ^ "Essex Bridge, Great Haywood". ancientmonuments.info. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
  153. ^ "Old Bolebridge, Bolebridge, Tamworth". Staffordshire County Council. Retrieved 6 November 2012.
  154. ^ Historic England. "Wetton Bridge (Grade II) (1227194)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 April 2017.
  155. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge, Known As Stone Bridge, Cavenham (Grade II) (1037608)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  156. ^ "Moulton Suffolk – Moulton Village Website". Moulton Village Website. Moulton, Suffolk. Archived from the original on September 26, 2012. Retrieved 9 November 2012. Further along the river you can find the Pack Horse Bridge which was built about 1446 and formed part of the trade route from Bury St Edmunds to Cambridge.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  157. ^ Historic England. "Pack Horse Bridge over the River Kennet, Moulton (Grade II*) (1037678)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  158. ^ "Packhorse bridge". ancientmonuments.info. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
  159. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge at Ewell Court, Epsom and Ewell (Grade II) (1288502)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  160. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge to Rear of Gomshall Tanneries, Shere (Grade II) (1029465)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  161. ^ Historic England. "Blyth Hall Packhorse Bridge over River Blyth, Shustoke (Grade II) (1226397)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  162. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge over River Blythe, Hampton in Arden (Grade II*) (1345569)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  163. ^ "Packhorse bridge". ancientmonuments.info. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
  164. ^ Historic England. "Bridge Approximately 15 Metres North of Beckfoot Farmhouse, Bradford (Grade II) (1199392)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  165. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge, Denby Dale (Grade II) (1135303)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  166. ^ "Strines Bridge, Blackshaw". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 17 November 2012.
  167. ^ Historic England. "Strines Bridge (Grade II) (1133947)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 May 2016.
  168. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge over Dean Beck, Keighley (Grade II) (1313900)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  169. ^ Historic England. "Long Bridge, Haworth, Cross Roads and Stanbury (Grade II) (1200484)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  170. ^ Historic England. "The Old Bridge over the Hebden Water, Hebden Royd (Grade II*) (1228914)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  171. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge over River Loxley at Croft House, Bradfield (Grade II) (1261011)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  172. ^ Historic England. "Close Gate Bridge, Kirklees (Grade II*) (1276561)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  173. ^ Historic England. "Mellor Bridge, Kirklees (Grade II*) (1275335)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  174. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge over Meanwood Beck at NGR 2898 3619, Leeds (Grade II) (1375169)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  175. ^ Historic England. "North Ives Bridge, Oxenhope (Grade II) (1134069)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  176. ^ "Jaggermen's Bridges on Old Trails". {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |url= (help)
  177. ^ "Oxygrains packhorse bridge, Rishworth". ancientmonuments.info. Retrieved 6 November 2012.
  178. ^ "Register of ancient monuments, Reference number 1005805". Calderdale Council. Archived from the original on 11 September 2013. Retrieved 12 May 2016. This saddlebacked bridge ... dates from 1752
  179. ^ Historic England. "Ripponden Old Bridge (Grade II*) (1232463)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  180. ^ Historic England. "Ripponden (or Waterloo) Bridge (Grade scheduled) (1005805)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  181. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge, Keighley (Grade II) (1200167)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  182. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge, Wakefield (Grade II) (1273509)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  183. ^ Historic England. "Lumb Bridge, Wadsworth (Grade II) (1265493)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  184. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge over River Ebble, Coombe Bissett (Grade II) (1375630)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  185. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge, Melksham Without (Grade II) (1251182)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  186. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge on Dick Brook South of Church of St Peter, Astley and Dunley (Grade II) (1349458)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  187. ^ Historic England. "Packhorse Bridge About 100 Yards South of Shell Manor, Himbleton (Grade II) (1350154)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  188. ^ "Isle of Man guide: Monks' Bridge". iomguide.com. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  189. ^ "Luggate Water Bridge, Stow". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
  190. ^ "Coaltown of Balgonie, Barrel Brig". Historic Environment Scotland. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
  191. ^ "Coaltown of Balgonie, Barrel Brig, Thornton". British Listed Buildings. 1 March 1996. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
  192. ^ "Carrbridge, Old Bridge over River Dulnain, Duthil And Rothiemurchus". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
  193. ^ "Carrbridge, old packhorse bridge". ancientmonuments.info. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
  194. ^ "John O'Groat Mills and Mill Bridge over Huna Burn, Canisbay". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  195. ^ "Craig Mill, Packhorse Bridge, and Mill Dam., East Kilbride". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 17 November 2012.
  196. ^ "Aberbeeg 'Packhorse' Bridge, Llanhilleth". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  197. ^ "Roman Bridge, Bro Machno". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  198. ^ "Caergwrle Packhorse Bridge Information Plaque". Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  199. ^ "Pack Horse Bridge, Hope". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  200. ^ "CPAT Regional Sites & Monuments Record: PRN 100035 – Ffrith Packhorse bridge". Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  201. ^ "Pont Scethin". ancientmonuments.info. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  202. ^ "Pont Minllyn, Mawddwy". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  203. ^ "Pont Minllyn". ancientmonuments.info. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  204. ^ "Packhorse Bridge, The Vale of Grwyney". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  205. ^ "Packhorse Bridge over Burry Pill, Llangennith, Llanmadoc and Cheriton". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2012.