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Pachycarpus is a genus of plants in the Apocynaceae, first described in 1838.[1][2] It is native to Africa.[3]

Pachycarpus
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
(unranked):
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Order:
Family:
Subfamily:
Genus:
Pachycarpus

E.Mey. 1838
Species[4]
  1. Pachycarpus appendiculatus E.Mey. - South Africa
  2. Pachycarpus asperifolius Meisn. - South Africa
  3. Pachycarpus bisacculatus (Oliv.) Goyder - Tanzania
  4. Pachycarpus campanulatus (Harv.) N.E.Br. - South Africa
  5. Pachycarpus concolor E.Mey. - South Africa
  6. Pachycarpus coronarius E.Mey. - South Africa
  7. Pachycarpus dealbatus E.Mey. - South Africa
  8. Pachycarpus decorus N.E.Br. - South Africa
  9. Pachycarpus distinctus (N.E.Br.) Bullock - SE Africa
  10. Pachycarpus eximius (Schltr.) Bullock - Rwenzori Mountains in Zaire + Uganda
  11. Pachycarpus firmus (N.E.Br.) Goyder - Angola
  12. Pachycarpus galpinii (Schltr.) N.E.Br. - South Africa
  13. Pachycarpus gerrardii N.E.Br. - South Africa
  14. Pachycarpus goetzei (K.Schum.) Bullock - Tanzania
  15. Pachycarpus grandiflorus (R.Br.) E.Mey. - South Africa (given as (L.f.) E.Mey in The Plant List, but this is in error; basionym is Xysmalobium grandiflorum R.Br. 1810, not the Mexican species Asclepias grandiflora L.f.)[5][6][7]
  16. Pachycarpus grantii (Oliv.) Bullock - E Africa
  17. Pachycarpus inconstans N.E. Br. - South Africa
  18. Pachycarpus insignis N.E. Br. - South Africa
  19. Pachycarpus lebomboensis D.M.N. Sm. - KwaZulu-Natal
  20. Pachycarpus linearis N.E. Br. - South Africa
  21. Pachycarpus lineolatus (Decne.) Bullock - Angola
  22. Pachycarpus mackenii N.E. Br. - South Africa
  23. Pachycarpus macrochilus N.E. Br. - South Africa
  24. Pachycarpus medusonema Bullock - Cameroon
  25. Pachycarpus natalensis N.E. Br. - KwaZulu-Natal
  26. Pachycarpus petherickianus (Oliv.) Goyder - NE Africa
  27. Pachycarpus plicatus N.E. Br. - South Africa
  28. Pachycarpus reflectens E. Mey. - South Africa
  29. Pachycarpus rhinophyllus (K. Schum.) N.E. Br. - E + S Africa
  30. Pachycarpus rigidus E.Mey. ex Eckl. & Zeyh. - South Africa
  31. Pachycarpus robustus (A. Rich.) Bullock - Ethiopia
  32. Pachycarpus rostratus N.E. Br. - South Africa
  33. Pachycarpus scaber (Harv.) N.E. Br. - South Africa
  34. Pachycarpus schinzianus (Schltr.) N.E. Br. - South Africa
  35. Pachycarpus schweinfurthii (N.E.Br.) Bullock - C Africa
  36. Pachycarpus spurius (N.E. Br.) Bullock - Zambia
  37. Pachycarpus stelliceps N.E. Br. - South Africa
  38. Pachycarpus stenoglossus N.E. Br. - South Africa
  39. Pachycarpus suaveolens (Schltr.) Nicholas & Goyder - South Africa
  40. Pachycarpus transvaalensis (Schltr.) N.E. Br. - South Africa
  41. Pachycarpus validus N.E. Br. - South Africa
  42. Pachycarpus vexillaris E. Mey. - South Africa
formerly included

moved to other genera (Asclepias, Gomphocarpus, Xysmalobium)

  1. P. albens now Asclepias albens
  2. P. crispus now Asclepias crispa
  3. P. fulvus now Asclepias fulva
  4. P. gomphocarpoides now Asclepias gomphocarpoides
  5. P. graminifolius now Asclepias graminifolia
  6. P. humilis now Asclepias humilis
  7. P. ligulatus now Xysmalobium ligulatum
  8. P. marginatus now Gomphocarpus marginatus
  9. P. orbicularis now Gomphocarpus orbicularis
  10. P. viridiflorus now Asclepias fulva

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Meyer, Ernst Heinrich Friedrich. 1838. Pachycarpus Commentariorum de Plantis Africae Australioris 209-215. in Latin
  2. ^ Tropicos, genus Pachycarpus
  3. ^ Gibbs Russell, G. E., W. G. M. Welman, E. Retief, K. L. Immelman, G. Germishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. Van Wyk & A. Nicholas. 1987. List of species of southern African plants. Memoirs of the Botanical Survey of South Africa 2(1–2): 1–152(pt. 1), 1–270(pt. 2).
  4. ^ The Plant List
  5. ^ Brown, Robert. 1810. Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society 1: 39.
  6. ^ Tropicos Xysmalobium grandiflorum
  7. ^ Tropicos, Asclepias grandiflora distribution