Pachomius the Serb
Pachomius the Serb (Russian: Пахомий Серб, Serbian: Пахомије Србин), also known as Pachomius Logothetes, Russian: Пахомий Логофет, Greek: Παχώμιος Λογοθέτης) was a 15th-century Serbian hagiographer who, after taking monastic vows, was schooled on Mount Athos and mastered the ornate style of medieval Serbian literature.:166–177 He is credited by the Russian Early Texts Society for the Serbian version of Barlaam and Josaphat from Old Greek.
Pachomius the Serb
|Nationality||Serbian, Ottoman, Russian|
|Other names||Pachomius Logothetes|
In the 1450s and 1460s he resided at the Trinity Monastery of St. Sergius north of Moscow. One of his major undertakings was a Russian translation of the New Testament. In about 1470 Archbishop Jonas (Iona) asked him to settle in Novgorod where he prepared a set of the lives of local saints. It has been suggested that The Tale of the Princes of Vladimir was also authored by Pachomius.
He arrived in Novgorod at the end of the 1430s or beginning of the 1440s, during the archiepiscopate of Evfimy II of Novgorod (1429–1458) and, under Evfimii's aegis, he composed the Life of Varlaam of Khutyn, the founder of the Khutyn Monastery, as well as the "Tale of the Journey of Ioann (Il'ia, Archbishop of Novgorod 1165-1186) on a Devil to Jerusalem.":167 He then travelled to the Troitse-Sergiyeva Lavra north of Moscow, where he composed the Life of Sergei of Radonezh, the founder of that monastery. He returned to Novgorod under Archbishop Iona (1458–1470) and composed the Lives of several Novgorodian bishop-saints, including those of Il'ia (Ioann) and Evfimii II. He later composed the Life of Moisei, Archbishop of Novgorod sometime shortly after 1484. He died sometime thereafter.:167–168
Pachomius is believed to have written eleven saint's lives (zhitie), including those of Metropolitan Peter of Moscow, Stephen of Perm, Ilia (Ioann) of Novgorod, Moses of Novgorod, Euthymius II of Novgorod, Jonah of Novgorod, Prince Michael of Chernigov, Barlaam of Khutyn, Sergius of Radonezh, and others. He also wrote fourteen services, including those for Evfimii II, The Mother of God of the Sign in Novgorod, Metropolitan Alexius of Moscow, Anthony of Kiev, and Metropolitan Jonah of Moscow.:168
A Serbian Orthodox Church monastery is named after him in Greenfield, Missouri.
- Lazar of Hilandar (also known as Lazar the Serb)
- Teodosije the Hilandarian (1246-1328), one of the most important Serbian writers in the Middle Ages
- Elder Grigorije (fl. 1310-1355), builder of Saint Archangels Monastery
- Antonije Bagaš (fl. 1356-1366), bought and restored the Agiou Pavlou monastery
- Lazar the Hilandarian (fl. 1404), the first known Serbian and Russian watchmaker
- Elder Siluan
- Miroslav Gospel
- Gabriel the Hilandarian
- Constantine of Kostenets
- Cyprian, Metropolitan of Kiev and All Rus'
- Gregory Tsamblak
- Isaija the Monk
- Kir Stefan the Serb
- Grigorije of Gornjak
- Stanislav of Lesnovo
- Hieromonk Pahomije
- Atanasije (scribe)
- Rajčin Sudić
- Dimitar of Kratovo
- Nicodemus of Tismana
- Marko Pećki
- Lav Anikita Filolog
- G. M. Prokhorov, “Pakhomii Serb,” in D. S. Likhachev, Slovar’ knizhnikov i knizhnosti Drevnei Rusi, vol. 2, Pervaia polovina XIV-XVI v., pt. 2.