The PWS-10 was a Polish fighter aircraft, constructed in the PWS (Podlaska Wytwórnia Samolotów - Podlasie Aircraft Factory). It was the first Polish-designed fighter to enter serial production.

Role Fighter aircraft
Manufacturer PWS
First flight March 1930
Introduction 1932
Retired 1939
Primary users Polish Air Force
Spanish Air Force
Produced 1931-1932
Number built 80

Design and development Edit

First work on a domestic fighter to replace ill-fated French SPAD 61s in the Polish Air Force was initiated by PWS in 1927. The main designers were Aleksander Grzędzielski and Augustyn Zdaniewski. In 1929 the prototype was built and it first flew in March 1930. At the same time, the more modern fighter PZL P.1 was developed by the PZL. Despite the P.1 being a more capable fighter, the War Ministry decided that it needed further work, and a series of 80 PWS-10 was ordered as a temporary measure. In comparison with the advanced P.1, the PWS-10 was a more classic design, a high-wing parasol monoplane of mixed construction.

The series was built from 1931 to 1932, numbered from 5-1 to 5-80.

A variant of PWS-10 was a biplane PWS-15, being PWS-10 with another pair of wings. A single prototype was made to compare with a monoplane, on the factory's initiative. It first flew in the spring of 1931. It offered better maneuverability and climb ratio with a slightly lower maximum speed. PWS-15 was not produced and was soon broken up.

Description Edit

Mixed construction high-wing parasol monoplane, canvas and plywood covered. A fuselage of a metal frame, covered with duralumin in the front section and canvas in the rear section. Two-spar elliptic wings, of wooden construction, canvas, and plywood covered. Stabilizers, rudder, and elevator of metal construction, canvas-covered. Open pilot's cockpit, with a windshield. Conventional fixed landing gear, with a rear skid. Engine: 12-cylinder water-cooled inline W engine Lorraine-Dietrich LD-12Eb, built by license in Polish Skoda Works. Water radiator under a fuselage front. Two-blade wooden propeller of a fixed pitch. Fuel tank 280 L in a fuselage. Armament: two fixed 7.7 mm Vickers machineguns with interrupter gear, in hull sides.

Operational history Edit

PWS-10 entered service in the Polish Air Force starting from 1932. It was used in cadres nos. 122, 131, 132, 141. Their flight characteristics and performance were mediocre. As soon, as in 1933 they were replaced in combat units by PZL P.7 and moved to aviation school in Dęblin. Some were used there by the outbreak of World War II and in summer 1939 all remaining airworthy aircraft were gathered in Ułęż.[1]

In late 1936, during the Spanish Civil War, 20 PWS-10 were sold in secret to the Spanish Nationalists, via Portugal, by the SEPEWE syndicate. Aircraft were transported in crates and were assembled by PZL workers.[1] First aircraft was flown in December 1936 in Leon. Being obsolete by then, they were not used as fighters, only for fighter pilot training (for 4. Fighter Group) in El Copero near Seville. Later PWS-10s were transferred to Jerez de la Frontera where they flew between April 1937 and the end of 1938. Spanish aircraft received the name Chiquita, or unofficial Pavipollo and they had numbers from 4-1 to 4-20. Some were lost in crashes or scrapped, the remaining 11 were operated till the end of the 1938 and were retired in 1939.[1]

During the German invasion of Poland in September 1939, they were too obsolete to be used in combat, but some were used for reconnaissance flights in an improvised Dęblin Group during first days of the war.

Variants Edit

  • PWS-10 : Single-seat fighter biplane.
  • PWS-10M : This was the original designation of the PWS-10.
  • PWS-15 : PWS-10 with a new wing, one conversion only, not successful.

Operators Edit

  Spanish State

Specifications Edit

Data from[citation needed]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 7.7 m (25 ft 3 in)
  • Wingspan: 10.5 m (34 ft 5 in)
  • Height: 2.9 m (9 ft 6 in)
  • Wing area: 18.25 m2 (196.4 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 1,113 kg (2,454 lb)
  • Gross weight: 1,500 kg (3,307 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 1,550 kg (3,417 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Lorraine-Dietrich 12Eb W-12 water-cooled piston engine, 356 kW (478 hp)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed fixed-pitch propeller


  • Maximum speed: 240 km/h (150 mph, 130 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 215 km/h (134 mph, 116 kn)
  • Range: 520 km (320 mi, 280 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 5,900 m (19,400 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 5.8 m/s (1,140 ft/min)
  • Wing loading: 82.3 kg/m2 (16.9 lb/sq ft)


See also Edit

Related lists

References Edit

  1. ^ a b c Kołodziejski, Andrzej (2008). "PWS-10". Lotnictwo z Szachownicą (in Polish). Wrocław: Wydawnictwo Sanko. Lotnictwo z Szachownicą (#29). ISSN 1643-5702.

Bibliography Edit

  • Arraez Cerda, Juan (December 2001). "Les avions polonais de l'aviation nationaliste: PWS-10 et RWD-13" [Polish Aircraft of the Nationalist Air Force: The PWS-10 and RWD-13]. Avions: Toute l'Aéronautique et son histoire (in French) (105): 38–43. ISSN 1243-8650.

Further reading Edit

  • Glass, Andrzej (1977). Polskie konstrukcje lotnicze 1893–1939 (in Polish). Warsaw: WKiŁ.

External links Edit