PP v. HSE
P.P v. Health Service Executive was a 2014 case in the Irish High Court to rule on whether a pregnant woman (anonymised as "N.P.") who was brain dead ought to be kept on life support until the foetus was viable and could be delivered. The woman's next of kin wished her life support to be switched off but medical staff were unsure whether this would violate the foetus' right to life, which is guaranteed by the Eighth Amendment of the Constitution of Ireland. The case was brought against the Health Service Executive (HSE) by N.P.'s father "P.P."
|PP v. HSE|
|Court||High Court of Ireland|
|Full case name||P.P v. Health Service Executive|
|Decided||December 26, 2014|
|Judge(s) sitting||Kearns P., Baker J., Costello J.|
On 27 November 2014, a woman, twelve to fourteen weeks pregnant, was admitted to hospital with headaches and nausea. Two days later, she suffered a fall and was later found to be unresponsive. On 3 December, she was declared clinically brain dead. The cause was a large cerebellar cystic lesion causing acute hydrocephalus and compression of brain stem. She was placed on life support against her family's wishes. Her parents and partner supported turning off the life support machines. Her two young children did not recognise her when they visited her, and were upset at her appearance.
On 15 December 2014, her father applied to the High Court for life support to be turned off. Nicholas Kearns, the President of the High Court, fast-tracked P.P.'s application for his daughter to be made his ward, which took effect on 23 December. On 22 December Kearns decided that the case was important enough for three judges to hear it: himself, Marie Baker, and Caroline Costello.
The case was heard on 24 December. Four senior counsel were heard: Mary O'Toole for the plaintiff, Gerry Durcan for the respondent, Cormac Corrigan representing the interests of the woman, and Conor Dignam representing the interests of the unborn child. Seven doctors gave evidence.
In November 2016, the family commenced legal action against the HSE, claiming medical negligence.
In ruling that life support to be switched off, the court held that the woman's right to dignity and her family's wishes could take precedence because the chances of the foetus being born alive were infinitesimal. The court rejected an argument that the Eighth Amendment applied only to Irish abortion law and thus ought not to be invoked in a non-abortion case. The ruling also stated "when the mother who dies is bearing an unborn child at the time of her death, the rights of that child, who is living, and whose interests are not necessarily inimical to those just expressed, must prevail over the feelings of grief and respect for a mother who is no longer living." This left open the possibility of an opposite verdict in a hypothetical similar case further into a pregnancy.
- P.P. v Health Service Executive  IEHC 622 (26 December 2014)
- Herron, Michaela; Power, Kevin (January–February 2015). "A matter of life and death" (PDF). Law Socity Gazette. Ireland: 24–27. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- Dalby, Douglas (27 December 2014). "Irish Court Lets Woman Be Taken Off Life Support". The New York Times. p. A9. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
- Carolan, Mary (26 December 2014). "Court clears way for clinically dead pregnant woman to be taken off life support". The Irish Times. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
- McDonald, Henry (26 December 2014). "Brain-dead pregnant woman's life support can be switched off, Irish court rules". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
- "Mum-to-be's life support can be shut down, says Dublin court". BBC. 26 December 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
- McGarry, Patsy (30 December 2014). "Funeral of pregnant woman who was taken off life support". The Irish Times. p. 4. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
- McGarry, Patsy (29 December 2014). "Young pregnant woman taken off life support on Saturday is buried". The Irish Times. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
- Carolan, Mary (22 September 2015). "Open verdict on pregnant woman taken off life support". The Irish Times. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- Tighe, Mark (27 November 2016). "Family of pregnant woman on life support sue HSE". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 28 November 2016.(subscription required)
- O'Mahony, Conor (26 December 2014). "High Court Ruling Inevitable in light of Medical Evidence, but Questions Remain for Future Cases". Constitution Project. University College Cork. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- Carolan, Mary (11 April 2016). "Judgment on brain-dead pregnant woman wins award". The Irish Times. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- "Brain Stem Death". Gender Justice Uncovered Awards. Women's Link Worldwide. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- Judgments: P.P -v- Health Service Executive from the Courts Service of Ireland website